Contents Contents PRESENT SIMPLE PRESENT CONTINUOUS HAVE/HAVE GOT.
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ContentsPRESENT SIMPLEPRESENT CONTINUOUSHAVE/HAVE GOTPRESENT SIMPLEUses and ExamplesHabitual actions E.g: I go to the gym on Monday and Friday. Permanent states E.g: The Sun rises in the morning. Feelings and emotions (like, hate, want, hope, etc.) E.g: I like your new house. Verb of senses (hear, taste, see, smell, sound and taste) E.g: Listen! I hear some noise. Making declarations E.g: I hope I will see you again. Headlines E.g: Ship sinks in midnight collision. Instructions and itineraries E.g: First you sign in your account. Summaries of events E.g: At the end of the play both families realize that their hatred had caused the deaths of the lovers... PRESENT CONTINUOUSPRESENT CONTINUOUSStructuresThe positive structure Subject + aux Verb + main Verb-ingE.g: I am reading bookThe negative structureSubject + aux Verb + not + main Verb-ingE.g: She is not staying at home now.The question structure:(?)+Aux Verb + Subject + main Verb-ingE.g: What Are they playingPRESENT CONTINUOUSUses and Examples1) Actions happening at the moment of speaking (now, at the moment) E.g: What are you doing? I am listening to music now.2) Fixed plan in the near future E.g: She is going to Paris next week. 3) Temporary actionsE.g: His father is working in HCMC this month.4) Actions happening around the moment of speaking (longer actions) E.g: My friend is preparing for his exams.5) Trends E.g: More and more people are using cell-phone6) Repeated actions which are irritating to the speaker (with always, constantly, forever) E.g 1: Andrew is always coming late.(I don't like it) E.g 2: Andrew always comes late.(Here I don't give any comments)Have/Have gotHave' and 'Have got' are used for possession. Jack has got a beautiful house. OR Jack has a beautiful house. 2. E.g : I have a red bicycle. OR I've got a red bicycle. NOT I've a red bicycle.3. Only 'have' is used when talking about actions. I usually have breakfast at 8 o'clock. NOT I usually have got breakfast at 8 o'clock. 4. Have used in the present simple, past simple or future forms. 'Have got' are only in the present simpleHavegot 1.Subject + have/has + got + objects E.g: He has got a new car. 2. Subject + have/has + not + got + objects We have not got a dog. Or: We haven't got a dog. 3. (?) + have/has + subject + got? How many children have you got? Have 1.Subject + have/has + objects E.g: He has a new car. 2. Subject + dont/doesnt + have + objects We dont have a dog. He doesnt have money3. (?) + does + subject + have? How many children do you have?
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