conservative or liberal?
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DESCRIPTIONConservative or Liberal?. The government should help the poor and the needy. I work hard and dont think I should have to pay a bunch of taxes to give to people that are too lazy to work?. Warm Up. Should the government have programs to help poor people? Why or why not? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Conservative or Liberal?The government should help the poor and the needy.
I work hard and dont think I should have to pay a bunch of taxes to give to people that are too lazy to work?
Warm UpShould the government have programs to help poor people? Why or why not?
What is the difference between a conservative and a liberal in the U.S.?
Which would be for the New Deal?
How might a liberal be critical of the New Deal?
Reactions to the New Deal
Public Reaction to the New DealPublic confidence had improved.
But the country was still in an economic slump.
Still high unemployment.
Some people wanted FDR to do more.
Critics of the New Deal Liberal critics claimed that the New Deal did not go far enough & was going too slow.
They felt government should do more
Conservative critics claimed the New Deal went too far.
Government was becoming too intrusive and veering towards socialism.
What FDR SaysHe is trying to save capitalism.
He is not tied to an ideologyThe New Deal is pragmatic.
Pragmatism is basing value on something by the results (does it work).
The Biggest Critics Many conservative businessmen banded together; They were known as The American Liberty League.
Felt that New Deal is taking country towards socialism.
ExampleTVA was seen as govt. competing with privately owned power companies.
One of the most vocal Liberal critics was Huey Long
Huey LongU.S. Senator for Louisiana (The Kingfish).
He wanted to be President.
Long felt he had a better plan: Share-our-wealth (Take away all income over $5 million and guarantee everybody $2,500).Every man a king, but no one wears a crown.
1935 Huey Long was assassinated.
Dr. Francis TownsendHad a plan to aid the elderly that at the same time would help stimulate the economy.
Every person over 60 would retire and receive $200 per month.
They would have to spend the money each month.
Townsend claimed this would create jobs, help the elderly, and stimulate the economy.
Father Charles CoughlinCatholic Priest who had a radio show that had a huge following (40-million listeners).
At first he supported FDR.
But turned against FDR when he felt he wasnt going far enough.
Besides railing against FDR, Coughlin also attacked bankers and Jews.Wants wealth redistribution and Govt. ownership of banks.
Union PartyFollowers of Townsend, Long and Coughlin form the Union Party.
William Lemke of S.D. is Pres. Candidate.
FDR wins a 2nd TermIn 1936, FDR defeats Republican Alf Landon to win a second term as President.
Union Party gets 900,000 votes.
FDRs Problems with the Supreme CourtThe U.S. Supreme Court began declaring FDRs New Deal Programs unconstitutional.
1935 NRA declared unconstitutional.
1936, AAA declared unconstitutional
FDRs Court Packing PlanFrustrated with the Supreme Courts dismantling of his New Deal programs, in 1937 FDR purposed a court-reform bill that would re-organize the Supreme Court.
It called for adding additional judges for each judge over 70.
This would allow FDR to appoint 6 more judges.
These new judges would support FDR and tip the court in his favor.
The People React to FDRThe Press and Congress protest FDR on his court-packing bill.Charge him with violating separation of powers.
Court packing bill fails!
But after the court-packing scheme, the court starts to side with FDR.
Switch in time that saves nine