conservative era

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1. Conservative Era 2. Conservative Era Governments: Jose Joaquin Prieto 1831-1841 Manuel Bulnes 1841-1851 Manuel Montt 1851-1861 In 1831 Jose Joaquin Prieto was elected President and Diego Portales was proclaimes Minister of the Interior, Exterior and of War and The Sea. 3. Prietos government carries out administrative reforms to reinforce the authority and rebuild the economy. The Constitution of 1833 reflected many conservative ideals. It was characterized as presidential, authoritari an, conservative and aristocratic. 4. It gave some rights to the Congress: Periodical Laws And some rights to the President: Martial Laws 5. Economy The first thing to do was to organized public finances and to improve the minig and agriculture. 6. Trade in Valparaiso Valparaiso was one of the most important ports in the Pacific Ocean. In 1833 the commercial activity increased when the duty-free stores began opening. 7. Mining This was the main economic activity during this period. Silver: It was used for coins. Chaarcillo (Juan Godoy) in 1832 Checo Grande (1847) and Tres Puntas (1848) Copper: Very important since England required it for industry Tamaya (Jose Tomas Urmeneta) Coal: Very important for mines and for the transport . Lota Coronel (Cousio, Schwager, Delano) 8. Agriculture Gold was discovered in California and in Australia and many people traveled there. Where to get much food? From Chile!!! Because Chile was the main producer of wheat in the South Pacific. 9. This prosperity helped the chilean producers of landowners to introduce improvements in their production processes: irrigation channels. 10. Transport It was a developed area in this changing economy. Copiap Caldera : Chiles first railway. This was the center of minning production in the country. (1851) The Pacific Steam Navigation Company William Wheelwright (1840) made transport easier with faster ships. 11. Society Between 1820 and 1830 the social structure did not change. Society was organized in the following groups: The Upper Class: Landowners, rich merchants and industrial and mining groups. The Middle Class: It was formed by profesionals and European immigrants. The Lower Class: Includes farmers and mining, port, railway and public works workers. 12. Pictures of the Society 13. Cultural Development The conservative governments hired European educators, artist and scientists to teach in Chile and bring their knwoledge. 1842: -Universidad de Chile 1888: - Universidad Catlica created by the Church to have professionals with a Christian vision. 14. Generation of 1842: Their were chilean intellectuals. Its director, Jose Victorino Lastarria was 25 years old. (Very jung but an excelent intellectual man) Newspaper in Valparaiso (El Mercurio), El Ferrocarril, La Repblica Through these media sources the country was informed. 15. Liberal Reforms The dominance of the Church in many areas of social life and de cultural progress provoked criticism of the way that the country was being ruled. Liberal Ideas were spreading! 16. Reform Club (1849) Society of Equality (1850) They defended a republic with free and equal citizens. 17. Liberal governments: Jose Joaquin Perez (1861-1871) Federico Errzuriz Zaartu (1871-1876) Anibal Pinto (1876-1881) Domingo Santa Maria (1881-1886) Jose Manuel Balmaceda (1886-1891) The government of Manuel Montt ended with a social uprising. As a result, Jos Joaquin Perez was elected and he was a liberal. To carry out the changes of the liberal vision, important revisions were made to the Constitution. 18. Secular Laws One of the chracteristics of liberalism was its rejection of the Churchs influence on public institutions. The government of Santa Maria approved a series of secular laws: The secular cemetery law (1883) Civil marriage law (1884) Civil registration law (1884)

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