CONSERVATION AREA APPRAISAL - Bournemouth Village Conservation Area Appraisal - March 2014 i Contents ... rather than that of individual buildings or features, ... The environmental role

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<ul><li><p>HOLDENHURST VILLAGECONSERVATION AREA APPRAISAL</p><p>MARCH 2014Borough Council</p></li><li><p>Produced by:</p><p>Bournemouth Borough CouncilConservation and Urban DesignTown Hall AnnexeSt Stephens RoadBournemouthBH2 6EA</p><p>Tel: 01202 451323</p><p>Email: conservation&amp;design@bournemouth.gov.uk</p><p>All maps within this document, with the exception of those on pages 13 and 14, are reproduced from Ordnance Survey material with the permission of Ordnance Survey on behalf of the Controller of Her Majestys Stationery Office. Crown copyright. Bournemouth Borough Council 100019829. 2013</p><p>All oblique aerial photographs in this document copyright BLOM Pictometry 2009.</p></li><li><p>iHoldenhurst Village Conservation Area Appraisal - March 2014</p><p>Contents</p><p> Page No.</p><p>1 Introduction 1</p><p>2 The Planning Policy Context 6</p><p> Primary Legislation National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) Bournemouth Local Plan </p><p>3 Summary of Special Interest 8</p><p>4 Location and Setting 9</p><p> Context General Character and Plan Form </p><p>5 Historic Development 12</p><p> Origins and Historic Development Activity and Uses Archaeology</p><p>6 Spatial Analysis 25</p><p> Relationship of Spaces Key Views and Vistas Landmarks </p><p>7 Character Analysis 32</p><p> Definition of character areas Architectural and historic qualities of the buildings Local qualities Contribution of vegetation and green spaces The public realm General condition of buildings</p><p>8 Issues and Challenges 43</p><p> Extent of Intrusion or Damage Challenges</p></li><li><p>ii Holdenhurst Village Conservation Area Appraisal - March 2014 </p><p>9 Contribution of Buildings 47</p><p> Positive buildings Neutral buildings Negative buildings An Audit of Heritage Assets</p><p>10 Assessment of Existing Boundary 58 </p><p> Extended Area 1 Extended Area 2 Christchurch Controlled Conservation Area</p><p>11 Community Involvement 63</p><p>12 Management Proposals 64</p><p> Managing Change Positively</p><p> Appendices </p><p> Appendix 1 - Properties within the Conservation Area Appendix 2 - Relevant Legislation and Policy Documents Appendix 3 - Policy Wording Appendix 4 - Tree Preservation Orders (TPOs) Appendix 5 - English Heritage Checklist Appendix 6 - Listed Buildings within the Conservation Area Appendix 7 - Bibliography Appendix 8 - Glossary</p><p> List of Figures</p><p>1 Bournemouths Conservation Areas 22 Boundary of Holdenhurst Village Conservation Area 43 Aerial View of the Conservation Area 104 Milnes Map of Hampshire 1791 135 Copy of the Tithe Map (1841) of the Eastern Part of Holdenhurst 146 Map of Holdenhurst in 1870 167 Map of Holdenhurst in 1924 188 Proposed New Road and Sewerage Works for Holdenhurst 1959 199 Map of the Eastern Part of the Village with overlay of 1898 2210 Examples of Demolished Cottages Across the Eastern Part of the Village 2311 Map of Archaeological Finds 2412 Key Views and Vistas 26 13 Location of Historic Walling to Former Farmsteads 3714 Contribution of Buildings to the Conservation Area 4815 Changes to the Conservation Area Boundary 61 </p></li><li><p>Holdenhurst Village Conservation Area Appraisal - March 2014 1</p><p>1.1 Holdenhurst Village Conservation Area is one of the 20 Conservation Areas that Bournemouth Council has designated in the Borough (Figures 1 and 2). </p><p>1.2 The original conservation areas of Holdenhurst Village East and Holdenhurst Village West were the first conservation areas to be designated in Bournemouth on the 18th June 1974. Following an assessment, undertaken as part of this Conservation Area Appraisal, the boundary of these two separate conservation areas was revised resulting in the formation of a single larger conservation area - Holdenhurst Village Conservation Area. This assessment also took into account the fact that the boundary of the original Holdenhurst East Conservation Area included land which lay within the Borough of Christchurch. As a result the boundary was revised to follow the Bournemouth Borough boundary line reflecting the fact that Bournemouth Borough Council has no legal jurisdiction over the land which lies within the administrative boundary of Christchurch. The reasoning behind all of the boundary changes is detailed in Chapter 10. </p><p>1.3 The purpose of this Conservation Area Appraisal is to identify the key elements which contribute to the significance of the Holdenhurst Village Conservation Area which warranted its </p><p>designation and those which detract from it. Having established these elements a clearer understanding of the forms of development that may or may not be appropriate can be established. From this opportunities for preservation and future enhancement can be identified.</p><p>1.4 It is noted that no appraisal can ever be completely comprehensive and the omission of any particular building, feature or space should not be taken to imply that it is of no interest. It is the quality and interest of areas as a whole, rather than that of individual buildings or features, which should be the prime consideration in identifying Conservation Areas.</p><p>1.5 The survey and appraisal of the Conservation Area was carried out between May 2011 and September 2012 based on the format suggested by English Heritage in their guidance - Understanding Place: Conservation Area Designation, Appraisal and Management (2011).</p><p>1.6 Public consultation with the local community and other interested parties took place for six weeks between 16th August and 27th September 2013. Following consideration of all of the comments received the Conservation Area Appraisal was then adopted by the Council on 4th March 2014.</p><p>1 Introduction</p><p>Picturesque view towards Vicarage Cottages from the junction of Throop Road and Holdenhurst Village Road </p></li><li><p>Holdenhurst Village Conservation Area Appraisal - March 20142</p><p>Figure 1 - Bournemouths Conservation Areas </p><p>Conservation Areas within Bournemouth</p><p> Holdenhurst Village Conservation Area</p><p>Bournemouth Boundary </p><p>Key</p></li><li><p>Holdenhurst Village Conservation Area Appraisal - March 2014 3</p><p>Conservation Areas within Bournemouth</p><p> Holdenhurst Village Conservation Area</p><p>Bournemouth Boundary </p><p>Key</p></li><li><p>Holdenhurst Village Conservation Area Appraisal - March 20144</p><p>Figure 2 - Boundary of Holdenhurst Village Conservation Area</p></li><li><p>Holdenhurst Village Conservation Area Appraisal - March 2014 5</p></li><li><p>Holdenhurst Village Conservation Area Appraisal - March 20146</p><p>Primary Legislation</p><p>2.1 The concept of Conservation Areas was introduced by the Civic Amenities Act 1967, in recognition of the need to look beyond the listing of individual buildings, and to secure the protection for groupings of buildings.</p><p>2.2 Government legislation is set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act, 1990, and notes that every local planning authority shall from time to time determine which parts of their area are areas of special architectural or historic interest the character or appearance of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance, and shall designate those areas as conservation areas (section 69). It also states that special attention shall be paid to the desirability of preserving or enhancing the character or appearance of that area (section 72). It is also a duty of local planning authorities to formulate and publish proposals for the preservation and enhancement of conservation areas (section 71).</p><p>National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF)</p><p>2.3 The NPPF sets out Government planning policies and how these are expected to be applied. It notes that the purpose of the planning system is to contribute to the achievement of sustainable development, expressed as: economic, social and environmental roles. The environmental role includes contributing to protecting and enhancing our natural, built and historic environment... (p2). </p><p>2.4 The NPPF refers to designated heritage assets and heritage assets. Designated heritage assets are those protected under primary legislation </p><p>and or registered by English Heritage and include Conservation Areas (p51). Heritage assets are those buildings, monuments, sites, places or landscapes identified as having a degree of significance meriting consideration in planning decisions because of their heritage interest. The term heritage asset includes designated heritage assets (p52).</p><p>2.5 The NPPF defines significance as The value of a heritage asset to this and future generations because of its heritage interest. That interest may be archaeological, architectural, artistic or historic. Significance derives not only from a heritage assets physical presence, but also from its setting (p56).</p><p>2.6 Not all elements of a Conservation Area will necessarily contribute to its significance (para 138) and when considering the designation of Conservation Areas, local planning authorities should ensure that an area justifies such status because of its special architectural or historic interest (para 127). </p><p>2.7 The NPPF must be taken into account in the preparation of local and neighbourhood plans, and is a material consideration in planning decisions. </p><p>Bournemouth Local Plan</p><p>2.8 The Local Plan for Bournemouth consists of several documents. The primary document is the Core Strategy which provides the spatial strategy for the Borough for the period 2006 to 2026 and was adopted in October 2012. Other documents are geographically specific e.g the Town Centre Area Action Plan or cover a particular topic e.g Affordable Housing. Some policies within the Bournemouth District Wide Local Plan 2002 are saved </p><p>2 The Planning Policy Context</p></li><li><p>Holdenhurst Village Conservation Area Appraisal - March 2014 7</p><p>within it. The South East Dorset Green Belt is long established and seeks to protect the physical identity of the town, by retaining areas of open land between built up areas. It also continues to protect the separate identity of the village of Holdenhurst.</p><p>District Wide Local Plan (2002)</p><p>2.11 Policy 4.4 of the Bournemouth District Wide Local Plan 2002 is still relevant to planning decisions affecting Conservation Areas. The policy ensures that development has regard for features that affect the character of Conservation Areas e.g scale, density, height form, massing and layout. The policy remains a material consideration in determining planning applications until superseded by polices in the Development Management DPD.</p><p>2.12 Policy 4.11 of the Bournemouth District Wide Local Plan 2002 (relating to Holdenhurst East) is also still relevant to planning decisions (see Appendix 3). This policy seeks to ensure that any new development is of a simple rural character and the siting of any new agricultural building is within an existing group. </p><p>2.13 Other saved District Wide policies that are also still relevant are 3.6, 3.7, 3.9 and 3.12 which relate to development in the countryside and 3.28 which relates to flood zones. These policies will remain a material consideration in determining planning applications in Holdenhurst Village until superseded by polices in the Development Management DPD.</p><p>and therefore still remain relevant. They will be superseded in time by policies in other new development plan documents (DPDs) e.g detailed policies for Development Management. For detailed wording of relevant Local Plan policies, see Appendix 3. For a full schedule of current policies, see the Councils website.</p><p>Core Strategy (2012)</p><p>2.9 The Core Strategy acknowledges the NPPF requirement to have a proactive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment. It states that the Council is producing a set of Conservation Area Appraisals that provide information on each Conservation Area and advice to prospective developers on how they should be maintained. The Core Strategy states that opportunities to continue to understand, preserve and enhance Bournemouths historic assets will be sought through a range of initiatives including Conservation Area Appraisals. Core Strategy Policy CS39 seeks to protect designated heritage assets, which includes Conservation Areas (see Appendix 3).</p><p>2.10 Other relevant Core Strategy Policies include Policy CS1, CS12, CS36 and CS37. Policy CS1 states that in making planning decisions the Council will reflect the presumption in favour of sustainable development and will encourage use of the pre-application process to find appropriate solutions. Policy CS12 protects community facilities such as allotments, places of worship and community halls. Policy CS36 refers to the Stour Valley Project and relates to the importance of the Stour Valley as a significant recreation and habitat resource. Policy CS37 is concerned with the Green Belt and seeks to resist inappropriate development, including uses of land, </p></li><li><p>Holdenhurst Village Conservation Area Appraisal - March 20148</p><p>3.1 Every Conservation Area has a distinctive character and appearance. The importance of the Holdenhurst Village Conservation Area is derived primarily from the survival of both historic farmhouses, barns and dwellings and the agricultural landscape which surrounds it.</p><p>3.2 The Conservation Area is of historic and architectural interest and represents an important part of the history of Bournemouth. Although now contained within the Borough of Bournemouth, Holdenhurst has had its own separate identity since Saxon times. It is mentioned in the Domesday Book (1086) and at one time was more important than neighbouring Christchurch.</p><p>3.3 Holdenhurst is a visible reminder of one of the villages that pre-dates the town of Bournemouth and is one of only four surviving villages of interest within the conurbation, the others being Throop, Wick and Talbot Village. Prior to the expansion of north Bournemouth the village would have been self sufficient, with a bus service, village post office, school and at one time even a smithy.</p><p>3.4 The historic core of the Conservation Area is reinforced by the number of listed buildings. This includes three of a handful of historic thatched cottages left within Bournemouth and one of the last remaining timber framed cottages. The Conservation Area also contains a number of listed gas lamps which by virtue of still being powered by gas are a rare survival.</p><p>3.5 The interest of the area also derives from the age of the core properties which range from the 1500s to the early 1900s. The varying use and age of these buildings results in a range of architectural styles and materials (which further typify this area and add </p><p>to its interest). In general the buildings are small in scale, reflective of their village location. </p><p>3.6 The pattern of development is also part of the special interest of the village and remains relatively intact, with informal groups of buildings distinctly clustered into two pockets - focused around the village green to the east and around the junction of Throop Road and Holdenhurst Village Road to the west.</p><p>3.7 Although many of the original buildings have been converted, their original form remains as an important reminder of the areas historic past. The village character and appearance is...</p></li></ul>

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