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  • Slide 1
  • Consequences of World War II THE HOLOCAUST Part 1 Objective: Analyze the consequences of World War II including the Holocaust and its impact.
  • Slide 2
  • Partner Question 1. Share what you know about the Holocaust.
  • Slide 3
  • History of the Holocaust Hitler and the Nazis came to power in 1933 The Nazis claimed that the German people were a superior race called Aryans. The Nazis looked down on non-Aryan people. This group included Jews, Slavic peoples [Poles], and Gypsies [Roma]. They also felt that Catholics, Jehovahs Witnesses, Communists, homosexuals, and people with physical or mental disorders were inferior to them. Many of these people became victims of systematic, government- sponsored persecution and extermination. The Nazis were most relentless toward the Jews. Their murder of some 6 million Jews and 5 million other people is known as the Holocaust [close to 12 million].
  • Slide 4
  • Treaty of Versailles Devastating defeat of WWI and Treaty of Versailles created the climate for the Holocaust The humiliating terms of the Treaty of Versailles created resentment among the German people. Hitler was able to use this resentment to his advantage by blaming Jews for Germanys economic problems. In Mein Kampf, he refers to Jews as parasites and warns that they will hurt the Aryan race: The mightiest counterpart to the Aryan is represented by the Jew. When Hitler took power in 1933, he had his chance to turn his racial beliefs into government policy. ?
  • Slide 5
  • Partner Questions 2. What document caused resentment in Germany following WWI? 3. Who used this resentment to his advantage? 4. Who was blamed for all the problems of Germany?
  • Slide 6
  • Nuremberg Laws The organized persecution of Jews in Nazi Germany began with the passage of the Nuremberg Laws in 1935. One of these laws, The Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honor, prohibited all marriages between Jews and German Christians. The Reich Citizenship Law denied German citizenship to Jews. Jews were reclassified as nationals and were banned from certain jobs. Access to education was blocked, and property rights were taken away. Eventually, all Jews were issued special identification cards and were required to wear a yellow star on their clothing to identify them in public. Some German cities put up signs that said, Jews Not Welcome.
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  • Partner Question 5. Describe the Nuremberg Laws in your own words.
  • Slide 10
  • Kristallnacht Not surprisingly, violence against Jews soon followed these measures. An incident November 7, 1938, set off a wave of violence. A Jewish teenager living in Paris was upset that his family in Germany had been forced out of their home and deported to Poland. The teenager went to the Germany embassy in Paris and shot a German official. This official died two days later. Joseph Goebbels, the German minister of propaganda, used the incident as an excuse to sanction violence against German Jews.
  • Slide 11
  • Kristallnacht On November 9 and 10, 1938, the violence began. German mobs roamed the streets of cities and towns, attacking Jewish-owned businesses and Jewish homes. Windows were broken. Shops were looted and property destroyed. Jewish schools and cemeteries were vandalized. Over 7,000 Jewish-owned businesses were destroyed. Hundreds of Jews were beaten, and nearly 100 died in the violence. Thousands were arrested and taken off to concentration camps.
  • Slide 12
  • Kristallnacht The two-night campaign of violence against German Jews is now called Kristallnacht, which means Night of Broken Glass. It was the beginning of ever-increasing violence against Jewish people. Many historians consider Kristallnacht the beginning of the Holocaust.
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  • Partner Questions 6. What does Kristallnacht mean? 7. Describe the Kristallnacht.
  • Slide 16
  • Kristallnacht The German government blamed the Jews for starting the violence of Kristallnacht. In retaliation, it issued a new set of restrictive laws against Jews in Germany and German-held territory. Jews were required to turn over any gold or other precious metals to the government. Jewish-owned jewelry, art, and stocks and bonds were subject confiscation at any time. Drivers licenses were suspended. Jews were prohibited from owning weapons, carrier pigeons, or radios. A nationwide curfew for Jews was established to keep them off the streets during nighttime hours.
  • Slide 17
  • Partner Questions 8. What is considered to be the beginning the Holocaust? 9. What was the response of the Nazi government to Kristallnacht? 10. How did the Nazi government attempt to suppress [keep out] information about Kristallnacht and other activities pertaining to the Jews treatment in Germany and German- held territories? [Limit Jewish Communication]
  • Slide 18
  • M. I. Libaue quoted in Never to Forget: The Jews of the Holocaust All the things for which my parents had worked for eighteen long years were destroyed in less than ten minutes. Piles of valuable glasses, expensive furniture, linens- in short everything was destroyed.The Nazis left us yelling, Dont try to leave this house! Well soon be back again and take you to a concentration camp to be shot. 1
  • Slide 19
  • Entry #24 5/16/14 http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_oi.php?MediaId=2712 What is your reaction [emotions, feelings] to Libaus quote and the video? 2