Conflicts in South Caucasus

Download Conflicts in South Caucasus

Post on 06-Apr-2018




0 download

Embed Size (px)


  • 8/3/2019 Conflicts in South Caucasus


    Ethnic and RegionalConflicts in Georgia

  • 8/3/2019 Conflicts in South Caucasus


    After the Rose Revaluation MikhailSaakashvili who is leader of Georgiastruggled against to some seperatistmovements as Abkhaz and Ossetic events.These movements were borned withexample of Adjara conflict which had

    governments strong political place inBatumi.

  • 8/3/2019 Conflicts in South Caucasus


    According to political scientists, ifSaakashvili want to be successful in state

    administration and authority he shouldgovern firstly Adjara. So, Batumi has animportant position for geostrategy of state.

  • 8/3/2019 Conflicts in South Caucasus


    Adjaran Conflict

    Adjaran region had been autonomic republicwhich was depended on Georgia in 1921.

    Muslim Adjaran people was deportated to

    Kazakhstan because of some seperatist actionsin Stalins period.

    After 1991, Aslan Abashidze who is leader ofAdjaran High Comission created some

    agreements with Russia as to be against toGeorgia. In this agreement Adjara preventedsome privileges to Georgia about incomes ofBatumi port, tourism and custom tariffs.

  • 8/3/2019 Conflicts in South Caucasus


    Adjaran Conflict

    Old leader Shevardnadzewanted to discharge AslanAbashidze. So Abashidzecreated an extraordinarysituation and declared thatTbilisi government was notlegitimate.

    Until to Saakashvilis period,

    Adjaran and Tbilisi

    governments lived in adilemma which created byAdjaran side.

  • 8/3/2019 Conflicts in South Caucasus


    Adjaran Conflict

    During this period Saakashvilis demand aboutto cancel Coloxi custom which is a custom linebetween Adjara and Tbilisi, and Abashidzesactivities as terminating all relations with centralgovernment issues created new chaos.

    After these circumstances Russia influencedAbashidzes activities and they initiated to hisresignation.

    Saakashvili acted to limit Adjaran governmentsrights and activities. So central government keptits power again.

  • 8/3/2019 Conflicts in South Caucasus


    Abkhazian Conflict Abkhazia was founded as Abkhaz

    Soviet Socialist Republic in 1921.After it changed as autonomicrepublic within Georgia in 1931.

    After Georgian independency

    Abkhaz government declaredtheir independency. But Georgiangovernment wanted to changetheir 78 constitution as to turnback 1921 constitution.

    So a law dilemma borned andGeorgia started a struggleagainst to Abkhaz seperatists.

  • 8/3/2019 Conflicts in South Caucasus


    Abkhazian Conflict

    Georgia intervened Sohumi in 1992.

    Chechen, Ossetic and Abkhaz groupsforced to Georgian military under theConfederation of Caucasus People. Aftera big war among these groups Sohumiwas occupied by Abkhaz powers in 1993.

    At this war 3000 people died and 250.000Georgians immigrated to south regions.

  • 8/3/2019 Conflicts in South Caucasus


    Abkhazian Conflict

    In 1994 Abkhaz government declaredindependency under presidency of Ardzinba.

    Untill Saakashvilis period some regional and

    diplomatic conflicts effected authority of Georgia. In 2006 Georgia kept Kodor Valley of Abkhazian

    strategic road.

    In 2008 South Ossetian War, situation of

    Abkhazia had been an example of Western-Russian diplomatic disagreement. Abkhazia wasrecognized by Russia as independent state.

  • 8/3/2019 Conflicts in South Caucasus


    South Ossetian Conflict South Ossetia had been an autonomic region of Georgia

    in 1922. In 1990 they declared their independency and Georgia

    answered them with canceling of its autonomic situation.

    In 1991 Georgia intervened Tshinvali. But Russian,

    Ossetian and Georgian peacekeeping groups providedcease-fire situation.

  • 8/3/2019 Conflicts in South Caucasus


    South Ossetian Conflict

    Around %90 people agreed independency in tworeferandums but no state recognized here.

    After 2004 elections, leader Eduard Kokoev

    declared sharp distinctions :- S. Ossetia should join to North Ossetia underthe rule of Russia.

    - Georgia is acting as dictatorial style.

    - Referandums shared demands of people.- The world should recognize S. Ossetian

    massacres by Georgia.

  • 8/3/2019 Conflicts in South Caucasus


    South Ossetian Conflict In August 2008 Georgia intervened South Ossetia. Attacks created a big

    war between Georgia and Russia. During this month regional war effected conflicts conditions. Hundreds of

    people died.

    After the war Russia recognized S. Ossetia and Abkhazia as independent.

  • 8/3/2019 Conflicts in South Caucasus


  • 8/3/2019 Conflicts in South Caucasus


  • 8/3/2019 Conflicts in South Caucasus


    Javakheti Problem Georgia has an Armenian population around % 8

    of total population. Armenian complaints :

    - Georgia has a discrimination policy againstArmenians.

    - Economic, social and culturel developments areless than other regions.

    - Autonomic body should be provided.

  • 8/3/2019 Conflicts in South Caucasus


    Javakheti Problem

    There was a Russian army station.

    It can be a tampon zone.

  • 8/3/2019 Conflicts in South Caucasus


    For more information :