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- 1. Concrete Sidewalks Plant: Yucca Term: Concrete
- 2. Yucca Spanish Dagger
- Plant type: Shrub
- USDA Hardiness Zones: 6a to 11a
- Height: 4-6
- Exposure: partial shade to full sun
- Bloom Color: White in summer
- Growth Rate: slow
- Moisture: xeriscopic
- Landscape Uses: Massing, Specimen
- North American native, Attracts butterflies, Fragrant flowers, Blooms are very showy
- 3. Concrete
- A mixture of cement, sand, aggregate, and water in specific proportions that hardens to a strong stony consistency
- Premixed concrete comes in many forms
- Quick setting
- Crack resistant built in fiber does not require rebar
- High strength
- Comes in 40, 60 & 80 lb bags
- 4. Cool Looks in Concrete
- 5. Steps to pouring a concrete pad
- Mark the area with stakes and masons string.
- Remove the sod at least 6 deep and 6 past the outside lines
- 6. Steps to pouring a concrete pad
- Fill the area with 2 of compacted base. Tamp with a tamper to prevent settling
- Some people do this after they build the form
- 7. Build and install forms made of 2 X 4 lumber set on edge
- Position them so the inside edges line up with the strings, then drive 1 X 3 stakes next to the forms at 3' intervals.
- Attach the stakes to the forms with nails for easy removal.
- Use a carpenter's level to make sure the forms are level to one another (from side to side), but fall at least 1/8" in 10' along the walk.
- 8. Isolation Board
- Glue an isolation board (expansion joint) to steps, the house foundation, or other permanent structures that adjoin the walkway.
- 9. Rebar
- Reinforce the walkway with rebar or welded wire mesh
- 10. Control Joints
- Mark locations for control joints (to be cut by a groover later) by tacking nails to the outside faces of the forms, spaced roughly at 3 ft. intervals.
- 11. Mixing
- Mix concrete according to package instructions
- Consistency should be like mashed potatoes.
- Make sure you mix all the way to the bottom
- 12. Pouring
- Pour the concrete in the forms.
- Use a screed board to level the concrete.
- Run a spade along the inside edges of the form, then rap the outside edges of the forms with a hammer to help settle to concrete.
- 13. Finishing Concrete
- Smooth the surface with a wood float
- Precut control joints at marked locations using a trowel and a straightedge.
- Run an edger against the forms.
- 14. Texture or Color
- Brush concrete with a push broom or stamp with a form
- If you want to stain the concrete, do it now
- Cover with plastic and allow it to cure for 5-7 days
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