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Comprehension Strategies Students with SLD

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Dr. Esposito9/28/11

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  • 1.Comprehension Strategies
    Students with SLD

2. Aptitude achievement discrepancy
SLD can cause a person to have trouble learning and using certain skills.
most often affected are: reading, writing, listening, speaking, reasoning, and doing math.
Limited time for intervention prior to graduation or dropping out (Faggella-Lubby & Deschler, 2008)
Students with Learning Disabilities
3. Luisa
NAEP (national assessment of educational progress) findings:
26% eight grade students c/n read for daily living
68% secondary student below proficiency (McCardle & Chhabra, 2004).
Reading primary area disability is manifested
Years of failure
motivation
Limited decoding skills
At risk because of underachievement
4. Greatest Hurdle
Good readers like to read..
Poor or struggling readers have years of failurelikely to give up earlier.must increase time on task so they can fall into or engage
5. Engagement
Vocabulary instruction improves students comprehension
Direct
Computer-assisted
Keep word banks
Domain knowledge
Retention is critical
Assume greater knowledge than have
6. Write down everything you know about Civil War (6th and 7th)
7. Motivation increases when students play active role (Vaughn et al., 2000)
Self-monitoring
Did I understand this?
Self-questioning?
How does this relate to
Summarizing
I have learned
Written questions
Teacher made
Provide alternate modes for answering
8. Cooperative Learning
Several research studies have demonstrated the benefits of cooperative learning (e.g., Gersten et al, 2001).
Mixed group
accountability
9. Instructional Pedagogy
Primary Elements (Swanson, 1999)
Daily review of previously covered material
Teacher statement of objectives
Presentation of new material
Teacher guided students practice
Independent practice
evaluation
10. Simple Suggestions
Self-Adjustable Eyeglass Lenses
In developed countries, getting glasses is a simple matter: Visit an optometrist, get a prescription and have it filled at a corner store. Not so in the developing, world, where
11. Self-adjustable Eyeglass Lenses
Visual
More than 7 letters
domain knowledge or concept
Receptive language
Have greater receptive vocabulary than reading one
In developed countries, getting glasses is a simple matter: Visit an optometrist, get a prescription and have it filled at a corner store. Not so in the developing, world, where