Composting Presentation

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Post on 25-Dec-2014



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How to compost


<ul><li> 1. Home Composting </li> <li> 2. Compost Bins <ul><li>There are numerous types of compost bin </li></ul><ul><li>They can all work just as well as each other </li></ul></li> <li> 3. 3 Main Steps to Composting <ul><li>Step One - Placing your bin </li></ul><ul><li>Step Two - What can go in </li></ul><ul><li>Step Three - Making good compost </li></ul></li> <li> 4. Step One - Placing your bin <ul><li>The bins are best sited on a level, well drained spot </li></ul><ul><li>This allows excess water to drain out </li></ul><ul><li>This allows better aeration </li></ul><ul><li>Worms can get in easier </li></ul><ul><li>Placing a compost bin in a partially sunny spot can help speed up the composting process </li></ul></li> <li> 5. Step Two - What can go in? <ul><li>The compost bin relies on what you put in </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetable peelings </li></ul><ul><li>Fruit waste </li></ul><ul><li>Tea bags </li></ul><ul><li>Plant clippings </li></ul><ul><li>Grass cuttings </li></ul><ul><li>These items are considered Greens. These provide </li></ul><ul><li>nitrogen and moisture to the compost heap. </li></ul></li> <li> 6. Step Two - What can go in? <ul><li>What else can go in? </li></ul><ul><li>Cardboard </li></ul><ul><li>Egg boxes </li></ul><ul><li>Scrunched up paper </li></ul><ul><li>Fallen leaves </li></ul><ul><li>These are called Browns. They rot a lot slower and </li></ul><ul><li>provide fibre and carbon. This material also allows </li></ul><ul><li>pockets of air to form. </li></ul></li> <li> 7. What Cant go in? <ul><li>x </li></ul><ul><li>No cooked food </li></ul><ul><li>No diseased plants </li></ul><ul><li>No animal faeces </li></ul><ul><li>No nappies </li></ul><ul><li>Limit the amount of leaves </li></ul></li> <li> 8. Step Three - Making Good Compost <ul><li>Essential to get the right mix </li></ul><ul><li>This means right mix of Greens and Browns </li></ul><ul><li>If the compost mix is to wet then add more browns </li></ul><ul><li>If its to dry then add more greens </li></ul><ul><li>Air can be added by adding screwed up paper </li></ul></li> <li> 9. Compost Essentials <ul><li>Air </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>The items we add to the bin provide these. Air, water </li></ul><ul><li>and food are essential in order for the materials to break </li></ul><ul><li>down. </li></ul><ul><li>The materials biodegrade, this means to rot down. </li></ul></li> <li> 10. What else is in a compost bin? <ul><li>Worms </li></ul><ul><li>Beetles </li></ul><ul><li>Ants </li></ul><ul><li>Slugs </li></ul><ul><li>Centipede </li></ul><ul><li>Earwigs </li></ul>The general rule is the more diversity of creatures in your compost bin the more quickly it will break down. </li> <li> 11. Worms and Beetles Q. What do they do? A. Worms eat away at the matter in the compost bin and break down the material. They also help to add air to the soil. Beetles and Flies also eat away at the matter and work together to turn this waste into compost. </li> <li> 12. Problems with the mix <ul><li>If there is not enough air in the compost bin then the waste will become anaerobic . </li></ul><ul><li>Anaerobic means in the absence of oxygen. This is when biodegradable waste will start to produce methane. Methane is a greenhouse gas which is contributing toward climate change. </li></ul></li> <li> 13. <ul><li>Composting Quiz </li></ul></li> <li> 14. Question 1 <ul><li>Which of the following should not be added to a </li></ul><ul><li>compost bin? (please select one). </li></ul><ul><li>Plastic bottle </li></ul><ul><li>Grass </li></ul><ul><li>Card </li></ul><ul><li>Paper </li></ul><ul><li>Egg Shells </li></ul></li> <li> 15. Question 2 <ul><li>Do worms need to be added to a compost bin? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes </li></ul><ul><li>No </li></ul></li> <li> 16. Question 3 <ul><li>It requires a lot of time and expensive equipment to </li></ul><ul><li>start composting. </li></ul><ul><li>True </li></ul><ul><li>False </li></ul></li> <li> 17. Question 4 <ul><li>Moisture is necessary for the composting process to </li></ul><ul><li>occur. </li></ul><ul><li>True </li></ul><ul><li>False </li></ul></li> <li> 18. Question 5 <ul><li>Anaerobic means in the absence of oxygen. </li></ul><ul><li>True </li></ul><ul><li>False </li></ul></li> <li> 19. Question 6 <ul><li>Can leaves be put into a compost bin? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes </li></ul><ul><li>No </li></ul></li> <li> 20. Question 7 <ul><li>Please select which items are examples of what we call </li></ul><ul><li> Green materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Grass </li></ul><ul><li>Sticks </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetable peelings </li></ul></li> <li> 21. Question 8 <ul><li>Please select which items are examples of Brown </li></ul><ul><li>materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Twigs </li></ul><ul><li>Fruit peelings </li></ul><ul><li>Paper </li></ul></li> <li> 22. Question 9 <ul><li>Please select which of the following is essential for </li></ul><ul><li>successful composting. </li></ul><ul><li>Air </li></ul><ul><li>Moisture </li></ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul></li> <li> 23. <ul><li>Thank you for listening </li></ul></li> </ul>