Complete IELTS Writing Preparation Notes by Seema Brain Openers

Download Complete IELTS Writing Preparation Notes by Seema Brain Openers

Post on 23-Jan-2018

315 views

Category:

Education

5 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

<ul><li><p>1 FOR ANY KIND OF IELTS PREPARATION HELP, www.ieltsfreehomedelivery.blogspot.com 9996605415 </p><p>SEEMA BRAIN OPENERS KURUKSHETRA PRESENTS </p><p>FREE ILETS WRITING MODULE PREPARATION HELP STUDY MATERIAL </p><p>ACADEMIC WRITING </p><p>Task name Task 1 Task 2 </p><p>What to write Report writing Essay writing </p><p>Bands weightage 3 6 </p><p>Time limit 20 minutes 40 minutes </p><p>Nature of task Objective Subjective </p><p>Word limit Minimum 150 on avg. 170-180 Minimum 250 on avg. 260-275 </p><p>Flow of task Introduction Body paragraph </p><p>Conclusion </p><p>Introduction Body </p><p>Paragraphs 1 and 2 </p><p>Conclusion </p><p>Types of tasks </p><p>1. Line graph </p><p>2. Bar graph </p><p>3. Pie chart </p><p>4. Tables </p><p>5. Flow or process or picture </p><p>1. Agree / disagree </p><p>2. Advantages / disadvantage </p><p>3. Opinion based essays </p><p>4. Discuss two opinions </p><p>5. Problem based essays </p><p>a). causes and solution </p><p>b). causes and effects </p><p>SYNONYMS FOR GRAPH WRITING </p><p>Rise </p><p>climb, go up, increase, improve, jump, leap, move upward, rocket, skyrocket, soar, shoot up, </p><p>pick up, surge, recover, rise, rose, inclined, grow, multiply, enlarge, enhance, extend, expand, </p><p>intensify, advance, boost, development, spread, enlargement, escalation, elaboration, </p><p>addition, accession, inflation, gain, progression, intensification, dilation </p><p>Fall: </p><p>Collapse, decline, decrease, deteriorate, dip, dive, drop, go down, go into free ball, plummet, </p><p>plunge, reduce, slump, take a nosedive, reduce, reduction, went down, goes down, lessen, </p><p>mitigate, alleviate, allay, appease, soothe, curtail, decline, abbreviate, shorten, dropping, </p><p>diminishing, slowing, dwindling, sinking, sagging, subsidy, slacking, lowering, depreciating, </p><p>running down, dying away, withering away, wearing off, momentum, slumping, in a slump </p><p>down </p><p>Fluctuate: </p><p>http://www.ieltsfreehomedelivery.blogspot.com/</p></li><li><p>2 FOR ANY KIND OF IELTS PREPARATION HELP, www.ieltsfreehomedelivery.blogspot.com 9996605415 </p><p>Be erratic, be fitful, very rise and fall erratically, regular variation </p><p>Flat: </p><p>No change, constant, remained stable, steady, reached a plateau, stayed the same </p><p>Equivalent: </p><p>Commensurate, comparable, equal, similar, same, like matching, identical, duplicate, one and </p><p>the same, even, regular, uniform, invariable, unvarying, unbiased, to the same degree without </p><p>distinction, coordinate, alike corresponding </p><p>Constant: </p><p>Steady, uniform, unchanging, invariable, continuous, persistent, continual, incessant, </p><p>perpetual, uninterrupted, regular, repeated, unvarying, equable, even, fixed, consistent, </p><p>nonstop, monotonous, standardized </p><p>Add suitable adverbs: </p><p>Dramatically, erratically, gradually, markedly, significantly, slightly, slowly, steadily, rapidly, </p><p>sharply, moderately </p><p>Add time phrases: </p><p>Between ..and .. </p><p>From..to </p><p>At. / by .. / in.. </p><p>In the year (1998).. </p><p>During / over the period .. to .. </p><p>Over the latter half of the year /century / decade / period </p><p>Over the next / past / previous five days / months / years / decades </p><p>Although: </p><p>In spite of the fact that, granting that </p><p>Therefore: </p><p>As a result of this / consequently / hence </p><p>However: </p><p>No matter how / to whatever degree / evident by what means, under any circumstances, </p><p>nevertheless, at all events, yet, somehow, in spite of that, all the same, anyhow, regardless, </p><p>whatever happens </p><p>Accordingly: </p><p>In consequences, consequently, equally, respectively, proportionately by duty, </p><p>correspondingly, in accordance, subsequently, in respect to, thus, therefore, as a result, </p><p>http://www.ieltsfreehomedelivery.blogspot.com/</p></li><li><p>3 FOR ANY KIND OF IELTS PREPARATION HELP, www.ieltsfreehomedelivery.blogspot.com 9996605415 </p><p>resultantly, as a consequence, as the case may be, on the ground, under the circumstances, </p><p>as an outgrowth </p><p>Overall: </p><p>Total, widespread, inclusive, extensive, broad, wide, compendium, weeping, all inclusive, </p><p>complete, thorough, full, general, gross, aggregate, integral </p><p>Improved: </p><p>Enhanced, amended, mended, reformed, elaborated, remodeled, enriched, refined, </p><p>processed, reorganized, upgrade, modernized, brought up, better for do-date, repaired, </p><p>rectified </p><p>Initially: </p><p>At first, at the beginning, originally, primal, maiden, opening, introductory, inceptive, inaugural, </p><p>premier, leading in the beginning, leading </p><p>Dropped: </p><p>Discontinued, released, expelled </p><p>Furthermore: </p><p>Moreover, too, in addition, likewise, as well, additionally, similarly, in like manner, along with, </p><p>over and above, together with </p><p>Rapidly: </p><p>Fast, swiftly, posthaste, speedily, quickly, now, at short notice, instantly, straightaway, </p><p>instantaneously, shortly, shooting, suddenly at a great rate, without delay, promptly </p><p>Comparison: </p><p>Likening, collating, analyzing, relative estimation, compensative equating, relation, testing by </p><p>a criterion, measuring, distinguishing between, corresponding, correlating, drawing parallels, </p><p>discrimination, relating, dividing, opposition, bringing, together, matching </p><p>Contrast: </p><p>Compared, striking difference, being contrasted </p><p>Eventually: </p><p>Finally, conclusively, decisively, with conviction, in a final manner, definitely, enduringly, once </p><p>and for all, for good, beyond the shadow of a double, assuredly, irrevocably </p><p>Whereas: </p><p>Since, in as much as, in so much as, for as much as, considering that, where in fact, while, </p><p>although, while on the contrary, thought but on the other hand </p><p>Conclusion: </p><p>Finish, summing up, to sum up, to cap it all, all in all, review, conclude, summarize </p><p>http://www.ieltsfreehomedelivery.blogspot.com/</p></li><li><p>4 FOR ANY KIND OF IELTS PREPARATION HELP, www.ieltsfreehomedelivery.blogspot.com 9996605415 </p><p>Also: </p><p>Too, likewise, besides, as well, in addition, similarly, in like manner, along with, more than </p><p>that, over and above </p><p>Generally: </p><p>Usually, commonly, ordinarily, as a matter of course, repeatedly, traditionally, naturally, </p><p>normally, as a rule, conventionally </p><p>Time expressions: </p><p>In: in 1999, in the 20th century in the first ten years.. </p><p> (There was a significant increase in production) </p><p>For: for the next six months for twenty years </p><p> (The number of employees remained the same) </p><p>During: during the first six months during the first half of </p><p>this century </p><p> During the remainder of the year </p><p>(Production was slowing down, while imports increased) </p><p>From to / until from august to / until November. From 1950 to 1960. </p><p> (There was no change in energy use) </p><p>Between and: between 1950 and 1960.. </p><p> (There was no change in the rate of fuel consumption) </p><p>Before / after: before 1960 the number remained small, but after 1965 there was a </p><p>sudden increase </p><p>Around / about: around / about 1980 there was a change in the number of female part time </p><p>workers </p><p>By: by the late 19th century the rural workforce had declined significantly </p><p>At: at the end of the last century, there was a sharp increase in manufacturing </p><p>Since: since the 19th century there has been a steady decline </p><p>Other useful expressions are: </p><p>(In) the period fromto.. </p><p>(In) the period between .and </p><p>In the first / last three months of the year </p><p>Over the period to.. </p><p>Over the next years / decades / quarter of a century </p><p>Over a ten year period </p><p>Throughout the 19th century </p><p>From that time on </p><p>http://www.ieltsfreehomedelivery.blogspot.com/</p></li><li><p>5 FOR ANY KIND OF IELTS PREPARATION HELP, www.ieltsfreehomedelivery.blogspot.com 9996605415 </p><p>After that </p><p>Then </p><p>In the 1980s </p><p>Solved examples for writing tasks 1 </p><p>POWERFUL NOTES ON WRITING TASK 1 </p><p>B1T1TASK1 </p><p>SOLUTION </p><p>Out of given two illustrative charts, the first one is telling us the possible reasons for adults to </p><p>go for further study and the second one is revealing the idea of its cost like how it should be </p><p>shared. </p><p>Primary reasons for adults to study are they want to gain qualification along with they are </p><p>keenly interested in subjects, and then they choose to study. Several other reasons are also </p><p>there like it provides help in current job, adds opportunities of promotions and somewhere </p><p>they enjoy the learning phenomenon, these three factors attract almost equal proportion of </p><p>students towards themselves. Comparatively, a small percentage of adults also decide to </p><p>study because they want to meet new people and they want to make themselves able to </p><p>change their current job. </p><p>The concept of sharing the cost of adult education is quite interesting because as per it, costs </p><p>40% should come from students side and 35% should come from employers side while 25% </p><p>from the taxpayers. </p><p>The idea of further study is a brilliant one and adults choose to do so because of their own </p><p>interest and want to strengthen their qualifications. </p><p>BIT2TASK1 </p><p>SOLUTION </p><p>A proper schematic diagram is given about the reliable forecasting of weather by Australian </p><p>bureau of meteorology like how they collect information and how they further process it and </p><p>how finally they meaningfully broadcast it to millions of users via three popular channels. </p><p>http://www.ieltsfreehomedelivery.blogspot.com/</p></li><li><p>6 FOR ANY KIND OF IELTS PREPARATION HELP, www.ieltsfreehomedelivery.blogspot.com 9996605415 </p><p>The whole process is divided into four meaningful channels likewise incoming information </p><p>platform, analysis &amp; forecasting station, preparing the broadcast and finally the broadcast. For </p><p>incoming information they use satellite, radars and drifting buoy and the information received </p><p>by these three platforms if further processed at terminal two i.e. analysis &amp; forecasting one </p><p>where satellite photo, radar screen and synoptic charts are used which gives data to prepare </p><p>the broadcast on station 3 and then finally data is communicated via television, radio and </p><p>recorded announcements to general public. </p><p>In a nutshell, the whole process is purposefully planned and automated to ensure the </p><p>accurate broadcasting of the possible weather updates every single day. </p><p>B1T3TASK1 </p><p>SOLUTION </p><p>The liking of fast foods in Britain is given to us likewise how much as per income standard per </p><p>week a person spends on them and secondly, we are nicely equipped with the changes in the </p><p>choice of fast foods for a span of twenty years. </p><p>Hamburgers are the first choice for high and average income slabs. Other two options are </p><p>equally liked by high ones. Whereas, fish and chips are on number two and pizza is at place </p><p>three for average ones. As far as the low income slab is concerned, they prefer fish and chips </p><p>most while hamburger is their second choice and least they love to have pizzas on their </p><p>plate. </p><p>On the other hand, the consumption of these three fast foods is showing a dramatic change </p><p>over the period of twenty years. Likewise in the 1970s, fish and chips was the first choice but </p><p>in 1990, the chair of head is taken by hamburgers. As hamburgers and pizzas are on a </p><p>significant growth move but fishes and chips are losing their hold continuously. </p><p>Hamburgers are liked by rich and middle class people and also, the consumption of </p><p>hamburgers are increasing considerably every year among Britain fats food lovers. </p><p>B1T4TASK1 </p><p>SOLUTION </p><p>The exceptional development picture of a village Chorleywood near London is given to us. </p><p>The evolution of establishment of residential areas is presented in it. </p><p>In the beginning in 1868, there were few residential areas but with the establishment of </p><p>railway station in 1909, people started living there as it got connected with other areas of </p><p>London and opportunities of growth had been started in the region. Within thirty years, a large </p><p>http://www.ieltsfreehomedelivery.blogspot.com/</p></li><li><p>7 FOR ANY KIND OF IELTS PREPARATION HELP, www.ieltsfreehomedelivery.blogspot.com 9996605415 </p><p>population as found its home in nearby areas of railway station and main roads. The means of </p><p>transportation are primary to develop any region. Likewise, in Chorleywood, it happened with </p><p>the progress in the means of transportation. With the passage of time, around in 1970s when </p><p>the network of railways and roads was much expanded, people started establishing </p><p>themselves in the suburbs. The basic thing which is coming out in this picture is with the </p><p>progress in transportation and inert connectivity among the village, people found it worthy to </p><p>get settled in Chorleywood. </p><p>With the passage of time and with availability of interconnectivity and connectivity with outside </p><p>areas Chorleywood found more people to choose it a worthy destination. </p><p>B2T1TASK1 </p><p>SOLUTION </p><p>For a span of eleven years, the percentage of households in Britain is clearly given with the </p><p>choices of consumer durables they have made during this period. Figures are quite </p><p>informative and presenting statistics on how choices have changed during eleven years. </p><p>Television and vacuum cleaners were at helm while central heating and refrigerators have </p><p>shown a strong presence in Britain houses and people took them on serious priority. With </p><p>same fashion, washing machines have also become a utility item for consumers. With the </p><p>evolution of telephones, people shown a keen interest in having a telephone at their home </p><p>and quantity almost doubled within eleven years. Dishwasher was out of regular trend and </p><p>was available in few houses. Trend of videos was new and it started with a good number. </p><p>People of England are quite sensible in choosing items of domestic use and they are more </p><p>open to things of primary importance like television, refrigerator, washing machine and </p><p>telephones. </p><p>B2T2TASK1 </p><p>SOLUTION </p><p>The given chart is expressing clearly the amount of time in a week spent by different </p><p>employment status people on leisure activities in the year 1998-99. The presentation is </p><p>informative and having impact in giving a concrete idea on choices of people for leisure </p><p>activities. </p><p>Males are playing a leading role in investing their time in leisure activities. The males and </p><p>females with unemployed and retired employment status are the top rankers in the list. </p><p>Females who are housewives, employed part time and employed full times are at second, </p><p>http://www.ieltsfreehomedelivery.blogspot.com/</p></li><li><p>8 FOR ANY KIND OF IELTS PREPARATION HELP, www.ieltsfreehomedelivery.blogspot.com 9996605415 </p><p>third and fourth position respectively. While males with full times work life spent almost half </p><p>times on leisure activities than males with unemployed and retired status. </p><p>From the chart it is quite clear that leisure activities are important part of life and they become </p><p>more important for people who are free because of retirement or jobless. Certainly, people </p><p>(males and females both) with work also prefer to enjoy their time. </p><p>B2T3TASK1 </p><p>SOLUTION </p><p>A clear statistic representation with two tables is shown to us. The first table is telling us the </p><p>purpose of travelling to abroad by people in UK during 1994 to 1998 while the second table is </p><p>sharing the information of preferred destinations all around the globe by UK people in the </p><p>same period. </p><p>Primary reason to travel abroad is making holidays memorable and meaningful. Business and </p><p>meeting to friends and relatives are on second and third priority of people in UK. There are </p><p>other reasons...</p></li></ul>