compendium light armoured vehicles compendium
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T he rising threat posed by insurgentsin asymmetric conflicts, however,require them to carry improvedprotection which, at least withcurrently available technologies (andbudgets), means more weight, to the extentthat some readers may not readilyunderstand how the thus far light categoryhas managed to turn into patrol vehicles onsteroids or mini-MRAPS. Yet, in manycases this seems to be the current trend.
Numerous nations are still looking forlight solutions like, for example, Brazil,whose Army is expected to deploy abattalion-size contingent in Lebanon in mid-2014. The service indeed issued an RfP in lateNovember 2013 with the aim of acquiring abatch of 32 light multirole armoured vehicleswith a gross weight of eight tonnes.Requirements include a one-tonne payloadcapacity and the seating for up to five.Vehicles for trials should be delivered by early April 2014. The test phase should berelatively short, as the new vehicle, known asViatura Blindada Multitarefa, Leve de Rodas
(VBMT-LR) will have to be delivered forsome training prior the deployment forecastin Q3 2014. The acquisition plan includes afurther potential order that should bring thetotal to 218 vehicles. A demonstration thatlight is still trendy.
I JLTV VS. HUMVEEBy the time Armada International readersread these pages, the 66 JLTVs and 18trailers, 22 vehicles and six trailers eachdelivered in August 2013 by AM General,Lockheed Martin and Oshkosh will haveundergone over half a year of tests in the
Over 4,000 Iveco DVs Light MultiroleVehicles have been sold in the world indifferent configurations; here an ItalianArmy Lince equipped with Oto Melara
Hitrole Light RCWS. (RC-West)
Lights on a Turning PointWith the mission in Afghanistan wrapping up and total uncertainty on what allied groundforces will find in their next mission (or missions), investments in the vehicle field are being carried out very carefully by the services. It is however probable that light armouredvehicles will continue to play a significant role in the future: their low aggressiveness,inherent mobility and immense advantage when faced with bridge capacities and roadwidths should ensure light armoured vehicles a good short - and medium-term future.
03Compendium Light Armoured Vehicles 2014
hands of Army and Marines personnel.Amidst pessimistic notes on most US Armyprogrammes, the AUSA 2013 pressconference on JLTV sounded different as allthree speakers insisted on describing thisnew vehicle as one of the top priorities forthe new force structure. Kevin Fahey,Program Executive Office for CombatSupport and Combat Service Support,underlined that the October 2013
governmental shutdown had somedetrimental effects on the testingprogramme, as some proving ground wereclosed; we are behind the current idealplan, he said, but not behind schedule.Force reduction should not affect thenumber of JLTVs. Although a 25%divestiture is foreseen in the light tacticalfleet, we will thus reduce the numbers ofour Humvee fleet, US Army Col. John
Cavedo, manager of the Joint ProgramOffice for the JLTV said, echoed by hisdeputy, USMC Lt. Col. Mike Burks whoconfirmed the 5,500 vehicles need for theCorps. With field tests underway, late 2013will see the JPG involved in the manufacturereadiness assessment, production readinessreview being planned for early 2014. Successis however not yet solidly wrapped up astough decisions on DoD programmes willbe taken in Q3 of FY14, with the selectionof the winning bidder awaited for 2015.
With the requirements now settled andtrials well underway the three competingteams cannot say much. AM Generalconsiders it an advantage to have an in-house state-of-the-art engine like theOptimizer 3200, the General EngineProducts 3.2-litre developed from the SteyrM16 following the licence agreement signedin 2009 with Steyr Motors of Austria andcurrently in production at the companyfacility in Franklin, Ohio. This engine yields300 hp at 4,300 rpm, with a torque rating of69 kgm at 2,200 rpm and, although at
AM Generals JLTV propulsion is based on theOptimizer 3200 turbodiesel engine that isproduced in-house, another plus accordingto the company. (Armada/P. Valpolini)
A prototype of AM Generals JLTV pictured during trials. The company stresses the commonalities between this vehicle and the HMMWV that might bring reduced operating costs. (AM General)
Compendium Light Armoured Vehicles 2014
different ratings, also equips the AMGeneral HMMW M998 the Alvis ScorpionCVR(T), the KMW-Rheinmetall AMPVand the BAE Systems BVS10. At only 250 kg,the Optimizer 3200 has a 1.2 hp/kg power-to-weight ratio and a 94 hp/l power density.AM General also stresses the 40% designcommonality of its JLTV and Humvee,which has a positive impact on costs, as wellas the fact that it has a dedicated assemblyline for light tactical vehicles.
In mid-October 2013 the LockheedMartin BAE Systems team announced ashift in the JLTV production strategy, shouldthe team win the bid. While prototypes wereproduced at BAE Systems Sealy facility inTexas, actual production will be moved toLockheed Martins Camden plant inArkansas. This will allow us to be more cost-effective, reducing the overheads and shiftingto a single Material Requirements Planningand Quality system, Scott Greene, VPGround Vehicles for Lockheed MartinMissiles and Fire Control said at AUSA.
Lockheed Martin used the venue toexhibit the first of 23 vehicles rolled out
from Sealy Engineering and ManufacturingDevelopment assembly line. According tothe team heads, Green and Mark Signorellirespectively VP and General ManagerCombat Vehicles at BAE Systems Land andArmaments, underlined that the move willalso allow to shorten the supply line,Camden being within 600 miles from theprincipal subcontractors, which means less
than one day travel. The Lockheed Martin BAE Systems team considers the move verylow risk, and believes that there will be noproblem meeting the 2016 deadline for aninitial low-rate production run. In earlyDecember 2013 the company announcedthat its JLTV team successfully completedthe governments Manufacturing ReadinessAssessment at its Camden facility.
Oshkosh, for its part, relies heavily on theexperience acquired with its M-ATV. Weare confident that the six years ofpreparation and the six generations ofprototypes that led us to the EMD phasetogether with the lessons learned from theM-ATV allowed us to provide a vehiclewhich features high survivability, off-roadcapacity and fuel economy, John Urias,President Oshkosh Defence told the author.While supporting the JLTV testing,Oshkosh is marketing its L-ATV, the exportversion of the US Army/US Marine Corpsvehicle first exhibited internationally atDSEI 2013. Differences are very small,commonalities having a positive impact onlife cycle costs, Urias says, underlining
A view of one of the 22 EMDprototypes delivered by Lockheed
Martin to the programmemanagement in August 2013.
The Lockheed Martin-BAE Systems teamdecided to move all the production to theCamden plant, and successfully passed theManufacturing Readiness Assessment.(Armada/P. Valpolini)
Compendium Light Armoured Vehicles 2014
however, that the L-ATV has an openarchitecture to increase flexibility inanswering foreign customers requirementsin additional equipment.
As seen in Col. Cavedos statement, the Humvee recapitalisation programmemight suffer from cuts in the light tacticalvehicles fleet. The MECV (ModernizedExpanded Capacity Vehicle) did not appear in the Pentagons FYT13 budget, thusthere is currently no money for a wideHummer recap.
Nonetheless numbers will remaininteresting, and companies continue tomake proposals, being sure that sooner orlater some form of serious revamping willbe needed as JLTVs on their own will not besufficient, while the current HMMWV fleetneeds a boost in terms of reliability andavailability. Outside America, thatrecapitalisation may well be extended tocountries that adopted the AM Generalvehicle in the past, as over 300,000Hummers have been sold and of which theoriginal manufacturer estimates that some180,000 are still in service.
AM General thus proposes its ReliabilityEnhanced HMMWV which is in fullproduction for the M1151, M1152 andM1165 models. AM Generals modernizedchassis has been upgraded after ten years ofR&D investment to support heavieroperating weights, thereby increasingpayload capacity at the same time asproviding full crew protection with modularand scaleable kitted armour. The new rollingchassis includes other specific improvementssuch as 400-amp alternator, enhanced airliftbrackets, front mounted condenser, heavyduty shock absorbers, high capacity disc
brakes, improved cooling with gear fan drive,reduced effort steering, increased load 24-bolt wheels, robust three-piece frame rails,dedicated parking brake and improved reardifferential cooling. These upgrades haveproved their value downrange and AMGeneral is proposing the new chassis as arecap option for those vehicles that willcontinue to be in the home and internationalmilitary fleets for the next 30 years or more.
Textron Marine & Land Systems teamedwith Granite Tactical Vehicles are proposingthe SCTV (Survivable Combat TacticalVehicle), an armoured monocoque V-hullcrew capsule that ensures a protection levelsimilar to that of the lesser protectedMRAPs. Textron proposes to take good-condition frame Humvees, strip them oftheir old cabins, upgrade the engines,upgrade or replace suspensions depending
The new chassis proposed by AM General for the Humvee recapitalisation programme includes numerous improvements in the mobility elements and in the structure to allow a higher gross weight. (AM General - Armada/P. Valpolini)
The L-ATV is the export versio