compassion presentation revised

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Chris Bolton

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  • 1.Compassion Of OtherLives ScaleC.O.O.LDr. John ChangChristopher H. Bolton

2. Compassion The feeling that arises in witnessing anotherssuffering and that motivates a subsequent desireto help. Goetz et al. (2010) Being moved by anothers suffering andwanting to help. Lazurus (1991) Feeling sorrow or concern for others along witha desire to alleviate their suffering. Steller etal. (2011) 3. How We Define Compassion Compassion the unconditional empathy for someones suffering,consequently leading towards a desire to alleviate that suffering. Two Components: 1) Empathy 2) Alleviate Suffering Behaviors 4. Why must empathy occur before the action to Alleviate anothersSuffering? If the one person is expressing behaviors that alleviate someone elsessuffering WITHOUT FIRST expressing empathy, then this behavior isbeing acted out of Altruism. 5. Empathy vs. Altruism Altruism Unselfish regard for or devotion to the welfare of others,consequently leading to an action to improve the welfare ofothers. More of a Social Desirability Component Compassion the action of being aware of, being sensitive to and vicariouslyexperiencing the feelings and thoughts of another, consequentlyleading to an action to alleviate someones suffering. 6. Step By Step Process1.) Create initial questionnaire with many items pertaining toEmpathy and Alleviate Suffering Behaviors.-56 items2.) Administer to as many individuals as possible-354 undergraduate ESU students3.) Based on item analysis, determine TWOFACTORS: Which items measure the same construct? How statistically significant (strong) are the items? 7. ExploratoryFactor Analysis 8. What floats in water? 9. ItemsBreadApplesVery Small RocksCherriesA Duck 10. What Floats In Water?Does Float: Does Not Float: 11. Methods Subjects 354 Undergraduate ESU Students Item Examples Empathy: I am caring to others. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 (Likert Scale) I understand peoples feelings. Alleviate Suffering Behaviors: I would give to a homeless person sitting on the sidewalk. I dont have to be paid to help others. Initial questionnaire had 56 Items! 12. Methods (Cont.) Procedure C.O.O.L. Questionnaire administered to students within various majors in a classroom setting. Mostly given within Intro to Psychology classes. By using Exploratory Factor Analysis: Researchers determined how well items measured the twofactors: Empathy and Alleviate Suffering Behaviors. 13. Results Items 26 Total Items 13 Items measuring Empathy 13 Items measuring Alleviate Suffering Behaviors 14. Results (Cont.) Factors: Empathy + Alleviate Suffering Behaviors =Compassion of Other Lives 15. Results (Cont.) Chronbach Alpha (How consistently Items related) Empathy Alpha = .89 Alleviate Suffering Alpha = .897 Test-Retest Reliability Empathy Test-Retest = .98 Alleviate Suffering not yet determined. 16. Future Directions Validity Convergent Validity Measure of Emotional Empathy Scale Discriminate Validity Correlates of Delinquency Scale Reliability Implement further Test-Retest Reliability 17. Future Directions (Cont.) Employment Criteria Nurses and Medical Doctors Clergy Teachers Mental Health Practioners