companion planting - master gardener, yavapai county, arizona

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Companion Planting - Master Gardener, Yavapai County, Arizona

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  • 1. University of Arizona Yavapai County Cooperative ExtensionYavapai Gardens Master Gardener NewsletterJune 2005ZephyranthesRain Lily, Fairy LilyEvents & Activities by Nora GrafMG Association Meeting, Wednesday, Ive heard stories ofWednesday June 15, 6:30pm, There is people growing rain lil-no meeting in July. ies for years in pots andYavapai Rose Society - , June 20, 7:00 PMnever bloom, but thenat the First Christian Church, 1230 Willow they put them outsideCreek Rd., Prescott. This months program and in the rst rain theyis Organic Gardening - What Is It by JohnPaustian. For more information call Bob or bloomed. It may soundNancy at 771-9300, strange, but these plants can be particularly par-Alta Vista Gardening Club, Prescott, fourthticular when it comes toTuesday of the month, 12:30pm. Call 928- rain.443-0464 for location and information. Zephyranthes arePrescott Area Gourd Society, third Tuesday ofnamed after the Greekthe month, 6:30 pm, at the Smoki Museum. god (Zephyr) for thesouthwest wind and anthos (a ower.) Likely because the windPond Club -this is an informal group that brings in the rain, but the origins of the name seem to be somewhatmeets every couple of months, usually the 3rdweek. Email aquaticgardens@esedona.netobscure or at least I couldnt nd anything explicit. The plants arefor more information. native to North and South America and seem adaptable to a range ofconditions, including being cultivated in pots.The Organic Gardening Club meets on theZephyranthes has grass-like foliage with either crocus-like2rd Saturday of the month, 10845 Cornville, or lily-like owers ranging in color from white to pink to reds andCall 649-6099 for informaion.yellows. The leaves are about one-half inch wide and ten to fteenPrescott Orchid Society, meets 3rd Sunday inches long. Some species maintain their foliage year-round whileof the month, 2pm at the Prescott Library, call others die back in the winter. Flowers form singly on stalks. TheyCynthia for information. (928) 717-0623 open in the day and close at night. Both leaves and owers are poi-sonous. The plant form seeds readily and can be propagated fromseeds easily. While you might assume they are related to daffodils, in Table of Contentstruth they are a member of the amaryllis family. Zephyranthes . . . pg 1 Cultivation is simpleplant the bulbs in the fall one and Companion Planting . . . pg 2one-half inch deep, three inches apart, in full sun to part shade. They A Posh Pail . . . pg 3 prefer a bit of shade in our climate and extra irrigation. In the sum- Speaking of Containers . . . pg 4mer the leaves might burn up, but give it some water and wait for Well Testing . . . pg 5a little cool weather and it will come back. It might take several Grardens & Food . . . pg 6years for the plants to bloom, but it is the rain that is necessary 1MG Association News . . . pg 7

2. to get the plant blooming. Now I dont know how theplant distinguishes between rain and a sprinkler but itdoes, and they will need the rain to induce blooming. Inour area they can naturalize. Zephyranthes will grow inour desert soils but adding humus and bonemeal to theplanting area will make them happier. They can with-stand some dry conditions and, surprisingly, will grow inwet areas also, depending on species.There are quite a number of species of rain liliesand they can easily be found in many nurseries. Somespecies you might want to consider are:Zephyranthes carinata pink; lily-like.Zephyranthes citrinapale yellow.Zephyranthes longifolia bronze.Zephyranthes rosearose-pink; crocus-like.Zephyranthes texana yellow and bronze; crocus-like.A hybrid of Zephyranthes x Capricorn and Zephyran-thes candida is distinguished by its tufts of foliage. InAugust, pale-apricot owers that fade to pale pink ap-pear. This plant, 12 tall by 15 wide, loves to be potbound. Hardy to 10 F. USDA Zone 8. Companion Planting There is a body of thought that by planting certain plants together you will enhance their performance. This method is called companion planting. Ive written a little about companion planting in the past. This time I thought I would highlight plants that do not do well together. Now there isnt any real scientic evidence to give denitive proof about these things, but anticdotal evidence over many years has been accumulated. Plants do affect the environment they grow in. Alleopathy is when a plant releases chemicals or phytotoxins that in- hibit the growth or development of another growing nearby. Many plants are known to do this. Walnuts and creosote are two that come to mind. Take the information and give it a tryor not. Herb Dont plant with Anisecarrots chives beans & peas chrysanthemumlettuce dill carrots & tomatoes fennel beans & peppers garlic beans & peas Onionbeans, peas & sage sage onion2 3. A Posh PailFrom: Making Garden Containers by Simona HillWere always looking for a great looking pot to put a plant in. The nurseries cater to our wants by having stacks ofgreat colorful pots for us to choose from at sometimes pretty high prices. But there is no need to spend a fortune.With a galvanized pail and the purchase of several containers of acrylic paint you can create some great looking andcolorful containers for you plants.Supply listGalvanized pailmedium grade sandpapermetal primerpaintbrushesacyrlic paints-gold, white aqua and rustamber shellacnatural spongepolyurethane varnish1. Sand the buckets, then prime with metal primer and allow to dry.Give each bucket a coat of gold paint and leave to dry for two to threehours.2. Paint on a coat of shellac. Allow to dry. Mix the white and aqua painttogether and dilute to a watery consistancy. (You are trying to achievethe blue-green effect of verdigris). For the rust, mix white with the rustpaint and dilute.3. Sponge the thinned paint over the shellac, allowing the gold base coat to show through in places. Leave to dry forone to two hous. Apply a coat of varnish. You can usethe same technique and different colorings to createdifferent effects.3 4. Speaking of Containersby Nora GrafJust like in any garden, the right plant in the right place to keep them from wilting in the afternoon. One thingis the key to success. You cant place a shade-loving plant that should be done, especially if you are using a dripin the sun any more than you can put a tree in a sixsystem, is to ush the plants with large quantities of wa-inch container. When you are considering containers,ter occasionally to help remove excess salts. Because ofremember that all the rules that apply to siting a plant in the frequent watering you will also have to fertilize moreyour home landscape apply to the container. often. Water washes out the nutrients in the soil. A gen- Containers can be anything. Clay is traditional, eral all-purpose fertilizer will work, but you might wantbut use your imagination. I have seen anything that can to include something that includes micro nutrients, likecontain soil be a container. Some of the more unusual compost tea. For owering plants, consider using a highIve seen are shoes, the proverbial kitchen sink, even aphosphorous fertilizer (for owering vegetables also.)truck. While most of us dont have room for a truck, When potting up your new plants, any generalpails, tin cans, plastic food containers will all work. The use potting soil will work. I tend to use a mix of Superkey to all of them is drainage. Unless you are growingSoil (or any general potting soil I have on hand) per-a water garden (and yes you lite, and manure. Even withcan have a water garden in aregular potting soil, I tend tocontainer) you will need to add a bit more perlite, butprovide drainage, Drill holes experiment and nd a mixin the bottom; if you plan on you like. Cacti and succu-using plant saucers, you will lents will take a specialty mixneed to empty any water out ofthat is easily found in mostthem. Normally I dont use agarden centers. See belowsaucer, at all, mostly because Ifor some recipes.dont feel like emptying them. Pest control is similar toIf you dont use a saucer you any outdoor plant. I tend tomight want to consider settinga live and let live plan, but Ithe pots on something to lift improve the odds on my sidethem above the ground. This by planting a wide varietyimproves drainage and air cir-of plants. If you have pestculation. problems, identify the spe- Ive always struggledcic pest that is causing thewith containers, in part be-problem, and then developcause they need to be watched a treatment plan specic forand watered a lot more than that plant. It saves you mon-plants growing in the ground. They dry out quickly in ey when it comes to buying pesticides and some pests canour hot summer weather. I set up an irrigation system be treated in ways that cost nothing but a little time.on a timer for watering and that really made a differ- You can plant all sorts of plants, from vegetablesence. Most container plants outside really need to be to owers to vines, roses, small shrubseven trees if thewatered at least once a day, sometimes twice. Prior tocontainer is large enough. Try carrots, onions, tomatoes,an automatic system, I found that I would come home peppers, herbs, fruit trees, strawberries. You can evenfrom work and discover limp and dying plants if I for-trellis cucumbers and melons. Some plants take to con-got to water them before going off in the morning. Itainers well, others do not. Do your research!should have just switched to cactus, I guess, but I love For most of this article Ive been talking aboutowers, so the automatic system was a lifesaver or re-planting containers for the outside, but many garden-ally a plant saver. Watering schedules will vary with the ers have plants inside. The entire process is similar; thetype of plant. With practice you should be able to ageonly big thing is you are most likely going to have a 4 5. with potting soil. Add the upright plants in the center,adding more potting