companion planting and organic production - india

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Companion Planting and Organic Production - India


  • 1.First Edition: May 2001Second Edition: January 2002Third Edition-Consolidated Version: November 2002Fourth Edition: June 2003Fifth Edition: June 2004Sixth Edition: May 2005 (edited in September 2005)

2. TABLE OF CONTENTS Page No.SECTION - 1DEFINITIONS1-15SECTION - 2SCOPE AND OPERATIONAL STRUCTURE OF NATIONALORGANIC PROGRAMME2.1 SCOPE162.2 STRUCTURE17 2.2.1 Operational Structure 17 2.2.2 National Accreditation Body 18 2.2.3 Evaluation Committee20 2.2.4 Accredited Inspection and Certification Agencies20 2.2.5 Inspectors20SECTION - 3NATIONAL STANDARDS FOR ORGANIC PRODUCTION3.1 Crop production and animal husbandry in general213.1.1 Conversion requirements21-233.1.2 Maintenance of organic management233.1.3 Landscape243.2 Crop production253.2.1Choice of crops and varieties 25-243.2.2Length of conversion period 26-273.2.3Diversity in crop production27-283.2.4Fertilisation policy28-303.2.5Pest, disease and weed management including growth regulators 30-323.2.6Contamination control 333.2.7Soil and water conservation 34-353.2.8Collection of non cultivated material of plant origin and honey 35-363.3.Animal husbandry 363.3.1 Animal husbandry management36-383.3.2 Length of conversion period38-393.3.3 Brought-in animals 39-40 3. 3.3.4 Breeds and breeding40-413.3.5 Mutilations41-423.3.6 Animal nutrition 42-463.3.7 Veterinary medicine46-483.3.8 Transport and slaughter48-503.3.9 Bee keeping50-523.4 Food processing and handling 523.4.1 General52-543.4.2 Pest and disease control 54-553.4.3 Ingredients, additives and processing aids 55-563.4.4 Processing methods 57-583.4.5 Packaging583.5 Labelling59-613.6 Storage & transport61-62SECTION 4ACCREDITATION OF INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION AGENCIESA.ACCREDITATION REGULATIONS631.Short Title & Commencement 632.Scope Of Accreditation 63-643.Committee For Accreditation644.Application For Accreditation655.Accreditation Fee656.Allocation Of Accreditation Number 657.Approval/Non-Approval Of Accreditation 668.Accreditation Contract 669.Updation & Renewal Of Accreditation6710. Power To Issue Guidelines6811. Logo 68 4. 12.Use Of Logo 6813.Suspension/Termination Of Accreditation 68-6914.Appeals And Revision Of Award On Appeals6915.Amendment To Regulation 6916.Jurisdiction6917.Categories For Accreditation7018.Reciprocity 70 18.1National70 18.2 International70-7119.Standards 71 19.1 The National Standards for Organic Products71 19.2 Guidelines for Organic Production and Processing 71 19.3 Package of Practices 7220.Issue Of Certificates 72B. ACCREDITATION CRITERIA721.Application Of The Criteria72-732.Revision Of Accreditation Criteria 73-743.General Accreditation Criteria 743.1 Competence 743.2 Independence 753.3 Accountability and Responsibility753.4 Objectivity753.5 Credibility753.6 Quality Improvement and Internal Review753.7 Access to Information763.8 Confidentiality763.9 Participation763.10Non-discrimination 76 5. 4. Specific Criteria For Accreditation76-775. General Provisions For Inspection And Certification77 Agencies 5.1Application of Procedures 77 5.2Adherence to Regulations77 5.3Registration77 5.4Structure 78 5.5Regulation on Conflict of Interest78 5.5.1 Declarations of interest 78 5.5.2 Signed agreements78 5.5.3 Exclusion79 5.5.4 Payment of fees79 5.6 Confidentiality79 5.7 Other Functions of the Certification Agency80 5.7.1 General80 5.7.2 Consultancy services provided to operators 80 5.7.3 Marketing activities 80-81 5.8. Equity in Access and Non Discrimination 81 5.9. Membership Organisations81 5.10 Public Information826. Management 82 6.1General 82-83 6.2. Personnel 83 6.3Subcontracting83 6.4Documentation and Documents Control 84 6.5Records 84 6.6Quality Management and Internal Review857. Standards85 7.1 General85 7.2 Standards Review 85-868. Inspection 86 8.1General 86 8.2Assignment86-87 8.3Inspection Visit and Report 88-89 8.4Methods and Frequency 898.4.1 Inspection frequency898.4.2 Inspection methods90 8.5Analysis and Residue Testing90-91 8.6Inspection Regime for Part Conversion and Parallel Production 918.6.1 Provisions for part conversion in production and processing 918.6.2 Provisions for parallel production91-92 6. 8.7Inspection for Use of Genetically Engineered Products 92-939. Certification93 9.1The Responsible Body and Certification Decisions939.1.1 Exceptions93-94 9.2The Certification Process 94-95 9.3Appeals 95 9.4Certification Records and Reports 959.4.1 Operator files95-969.4.2 Records 969.4.3 Annual certification report 96-97 9.5Integrity of the System 979.5.1 Disciplinary measures 989.5.2 Withdrawal of certification 98 9.6Marks and Certificates98-999.6.1 Certificate of registration 999.6.2 Transaction certificate 999.6.3 Product certificate 10010. Licensed Operators100 10.1 Information to the Licensees100-101 10.2 Records and Documentation Maintained by the Licensee10111. Inspection And Certification Of All Stages In 101-102Handling 11.1 Packed Products 102 11.2 Storage Companies 102 11.3 Transport Companies 102 11.4 Chain of Custody10312. Inspection And Certification Of Wild Products 103-10413. Inspection And Certification Of Input Manufacturing 104 13.1 Approval Systems10414. Inspections and Certification of Grower Groups105 14.1 Evaluation of the internal control system 105 14.2 Grower group records106 14.3 Responsibility and sanctions10615. Certification Systems 106-10716. Certification Transference107 7. 16.1 General Certification Transference107-10916.2 Re-certification10916.3 Certification partnerships10917. Complaints 109-110C.ACCREDITATION PROCEDURES 1101. Background1102. Scope 110 2.1 Inspection and Certification Agencies 110-1113. Conflict Of Interest111-1124. Standards 112 4.1 General 112 4.2 Standards Review1125. Accreditation Contract Period 1126. Use Of Accreditation Status 1137. Fee 1138. Amendments1149. Review Of The Accreditation Programme 11410.Complaints114-11511.Application, Evaluation And Accreditation 115 Procedures 11.1Procedure for the Accreditation of Inspection and 115 Certification Agencies 11.2Application and Screening Procedures115-116 11.3Evaluation and Assessment 116-120 11.4Accreditation Procedures120-121 11.5Annual Surveillance and Review Evaluations121-12212.Complaints122-123 8. 13.Sanctions12314.Termination Of Accreditation 123-12415.Appeals124SECTION 5GUIDELINES FOR CERTIFICATION OF GROWER GROUPS5.1SCOPE1255.2CONSTITUTION OF THE GROUP ORGANIZATION 1255.3INTERNAL QUALITY SYSTEM125-1265.4HOW TO DEVELOP AN IQS126 5.4.1 Internal Quality System Manager (IQS Manager)126 5.4.2 Internal Inspectors127 5.4.3 Approval Manager / Committee 127 5.4.4 Field Officers 127 5.4.5 Purchase Officers127 5.4.6 Warehouse Manager127 5.4.7 Processing Manager 1285.5INTERNAL STANDARDS 1285.6CONFLICT OF INTEREST 1285.7SCOPE OF CERTIFICATION 1295.8TRADE1295.9PROCEDURES FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF INTERNAL129 CONTROL SYSTEM 5.9.1 Registration of New Members129 5.9.2 Provision of the Document to the Members of The Grower Group 129-1305.10 OPERATING DOCUMENT 130-1315.11 INTERNAL INSPECTIONS 1315.12 EXTERNAL INSPECTIONS 1325.13 YIELD ESTIMATES133 9. 5.14 INTERNAL APPROVALS1335.15 NON-COMPLIANCES AND SANCTIONS 133-1345.16 TRAINING OF IQS PERSONNEL 1345.17 TRAINING OF FARMERS 1345.18 BUYING PROCEDURES 134-1355.19 STORAGE AND HANDLING PROCEDURES 1355.20 PROCESSING135SECTION 6ORGANIC CERTIFICATION MARK5.1ORGANIC LOGO1365.2SPECIFICATIONS1365.3CONCEPT OF ORGANIC LOGO 1375.4REGULATIONS FOR GRANT OF LICENCE TO USE 137-157 CERTIFICATION MARK FOR ORGANIC PRODUCTSSECTION 7APPENDICESAppendix 1 Products for use in fertilising and soil conditioning 158Appendix 2 Products for plant pest and disease control 162Appendix 3 Criteria for evaluation of additional inputs to organic agriculture 165Appendix 4 List of approved ingredients as additives and processing171 aids used in processing of organic foodAppendix 5 Criteria for evaluation of additives and processing aids for178 organic food productsAppendix 6 Approved additives for manufacture of packaging films for packaging 181 of organic foodstuffsAppendix 7 List of approved feed materials, feed additives, and processing 182 aids for animal nutrition 10. Appendix 8 Products authorized for cleaning and disinfection of 185 livestock buildings and installationsAppendix 9Mandatory checks to be undertaken by the accredited 186inspection and certification agency during inspectionAppendix 10 Precautionary measures to be taken during inspection192and certification of imported agricultural products /processed food stuffs of plant originSECTION - 8FORMATS 195-226***** 11. SECTION 1 DEFINITIONSACCREDITATION:Accreditation means Registration by the National Accreditation Body for certifyingorganic farms, products and processes as per the National Standards for Organic Productsand as per the guidelines of the National Accreditation Policy and Programme for organicproducts.ACCREDITED PROGRAMME:Means programme of accrediting Inspection and Certification Agencies which have beenaccredited by the Accreditation Agency and which have agreed to comply with theAccreditation contract.ANNUAL REPORT:Means the report on operators, products and processors submitted annually to theAccreditation Agency by the accredited Inspection and Certification Agencies. 1 12. APPEAL:Shall be the process by which an Inspection and Certification Agency can requestreconsideration of a decision taken by the Accreditation Agency or an operator canrequest reconsideration of a decision by the Certification Agency.APPLICANT:Shall be the Inspection and Certification Agency that has applied for Accreditation to theAccreditation Agency.AYURVEDA:Ayurveda is a traditional naturopath system of medicines and health care of India.BUFFER ZONE:A clearly defined and identifiable boundary area bordering an organic production site thatis established to limit application of, or contact with, prohibited substances from anadjacent area.CERTIFICATE:Would mean a document issued by an accredited agency declaring that the operator iscarrying out the activities or the s