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  • Slide 1
  • COMMUNICATION FALL 2011 APA Citations
  • Slide 2
  • Presentation Overview Refworks APA resources Reference List: How to cite a scholarly article How to cite a news article How to cite a government report How to cite a book How to cite a website In-text citations
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  • http://ezproxy.villanova.edu/login?URL=http://www.refworks.com/refworks
  • Slide 4
  • Create a folder in RefWorks Create new folder.
  • Slide 5
  • APA Resources American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. 1 Publication manual of the American Psychological Association American Psychological Association. (2007). APA style guide to electronic references. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.APA style guide to electronic references APA Style Online Tutorial APA Style Blog Research & Documentation Online Purdue OWL - APA 1. All citation and formatting rules found in this presentation are from this source. Check this area of each slide for a page reference.
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  • Why Cite? In scholarly research, readers must be able to go to the original source to verify the ideas and facts that you rely upon to make your argument.
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  • First page of an article
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  • What is a database? From the Encyclopedia of Health Care ManagementEncyclopedia of Health Care Management Conceptually, a database is an electronic filing system with an indexing structure linking to specific data elements. The basic element of a database is a field, or variableThe data elements may be text, such as a patient name, or numeric, such as a birth dateA group of related fields is called a record.
  • Slide 9
  • Reference List: Formatting List references in alphabetical order. Include only works that have been cited in the text of your paper. Space evenly throughout. The first line of a citation should be flush left Indent all subsequent lines (5 spaces). References Berelson, B. (1966). Content analysis in communication research. In B. Berelson, and M. Janowitz (Eds.), Reader in public opinion and communication (2 nd ed.), pp.260-266. New York, NY: Free Press. Severin, W. J., and Tankard, J. W. (2001). Communication theories: Origins, methods, and uses in the mass media. New York, NY: Addison Wesley Longman. Shyles, L. (2002). Deciphering cyberspace. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
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  • Reference List: Scholarly Articles [Periodicals] Author, A.B., & Writer, C.D. (YEAR). Title of the article. Title of the Journal, Volume#, begin page end page. Gitlin, T. (1978). Media sociology: The dominant paradigm. Theory and Society, 6, 205-253. In Print p.198-199
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  • Reference List: Scholarly Articles [Periodicals] Retrieved Online Author, A.B., & Writer, C.D. (YEAR). Title of the article. Title of the Journal, Volume#, begin page end page. doi: 1053/45614-5643 Wang, Z., Lang, A., & Busemeyer, J. R. (2011). Motivational processing and choice behavior during television viewing: An integrative dynamic approach. Journal of Communication, 61, 71-93. doi:10.1111/j.1460-2466.2010.01527.x p.198-199
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  • Reference List Scholarly Articles [Periodicals] Always leave names of authors in the order they are given. More than 7 authors: First 6 authors,Last author. DOI not available: Retrieved from URL or name of database Journals paginated by issue: Include the issue number in parentheses Constructivism in the Human Sciences, 23(2), 14-23. p.198-199
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  • First page of an article
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  • Article Record from a Database
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  • Always double-check! Automatically generate citations or export to Refworks.
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  • Reference List Newspaper Articles Author, D. (YEAR, Month DAY). Title or headline of article. Title of the Newspaper, pp. SectionPage. If an article appears on discontinuous pages, give all page numbers, and separate the numbers with a comma (e.g., pp. B1, B3, B5-B7). Bieply, M., & Barnes, B. (2011, March 1). Younger audience still eludes the Oscars. The New York Times, pp. C1, C7. Print Newspaper Article p. 200
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  • Reference List Newspaper Articles Author, D. (YEAR, Month DAY). Title or headline of article. Title of the Newspaper. Retrieved from URL of the homepage *If no author is provided, begin with the title of the article, then the date. Bialik, C. (2011, February 26). Pollsters struggle for accurate picture of Mideast. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from http://online.wsj.com/ Online Newspaper Article p. 200
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  • Reference List Government Reports Full Name of Department or Agency. (YEAR). Title of the report (ACRONYM Publication No. 1234). Retrieved from URL of the document United States Government Accountability Office. (2005). Independent media development abroad: Challenges exist in implementing U.S. efforts and measuring results (GAO-05-803). Retrieved from http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/ GAOREPORTS-GAO-05- 803/pdf/GAOREPORTS-GAO-05-803.pdf p. 205
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  • Reference List Books Author, A.B. (YEAR). Title of the book. Location: Publisher. Shyles, L. (2002). Deciphering cyberspace. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. p. 202
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  • Reference List Book Chapter Author, A.B. (YEAR). Title of chapter. In A. Editor, B. Editor, & C. Editor (Eds.), Title of the book (pp. beginpage endpage). Location: Publisher. *For works retrieved online, include DOI if available, or if not available, use Retrieved from. Berelson, B. (1966). Content analysis in communication research. In B. Berelson, & M. Janowitz (Eds.), Reader in public opinion and communication (2 nd ed.), pp.260-266. New York, NY: Free Press.
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  • Catalog Record
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  • Reference List Websites Author, A. (YEAR, Month DAY). Title of page or document [Format description]. Retrieved from URL of site Basic Citation Variations Format description is only for unusual format types: Example format descriptions: Blog post, Twitter post, Facebook update, Press release The author could also be the publishing organization, if no person is named. Give as specific a date as possible. If no date is available, use the abbreviation (n.d.) for no date. Source: How to cite something you found on a website in APA style from the APA Style BlogHow to cite something you found on a website in APA styleAPA Style Blog
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  • Reference List Websites NBC Universal. (2011). About us. Retrieved from http://www.nbcuni.com/about-us/ DeGeorges, T. (2011, February 25). I didnt tape that, my TV alter-ego did [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://www.twcableuntangled.com/2011/02/i- didnt-tape-that-my-tv-alter-ego-did/
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  • One or Two Authors Multiple Authors Shyles (2002) notes that analog signals are continuous. Shyles 2002 study noted that analog signals are continuous. Analog signals are continuous (Shyles, 2002). Severin and Tankard (2001) claim (Severin & Tankard, 2001) Osgood, Suci, and Tannenbaum (1957) found(first time cited) Osgood et al. (1957) found(subsequent citations) Osgood et al. found (subsequent citations within same paragraph as above example) For more than 6 authors, cite only the first author followed by et al. and the year. In Text Citations p. 174-175
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  • Organizational Author No Author A study by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC, 2004) states (first citation) The FCC (2004) claims(subsequent citations) Use first few words of the reference (typically the title) Double quotes around title of article, chapter or webpage; italicize title of periodical, book, or report This is an example (Newspaper Article, 2005). The book Examples (2007) states In Text Citations p.176 - 177
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  • In Text Citations Direct Quotations Direct quotes from a source are enclosed in double quotation marks, with the page number given in parentheses at the end of the quote, before the period: Shyles (2002) claims that the Strowger switch quickly became the backbone of the worlds telecommunication network (p. 115). p. 92
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  • In Text Citations Direct Quotations Quotations of 40 words or more are presented in a block, without quotation marks, with the page number given in parentheses at the end, after the final period: Dickens (1859) stated: It was the best of times, it was the worst of times; it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness; it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity; it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness; it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair; we had everything before us, we had nothing before us; we were all going directly to Heaven, we were all going the other way. (p. 1) p. 92
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  • Conclusion There are many more types of documents that you may need to cite in APA style. There are unusual situations you may encounter when preparing your reference list. When in doubt, check a trustworthy APA resource, or the publication manual itself. Reference librarians are available to help with APA citations. The Writing Center can help throughout the writing proc