Comma Sense

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Post on 18-May-2015

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Hour-long presentation on simple comma rules, followed by a few tips on the use of italics.

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<ul><li> 1. Bellringer: Compose a short paragraph of at least 40 words about what youre doing this upcoming weekend.Use at least five or six commas correctly.</li></ul><p> 2. Comma Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Sense 3. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Summaryof Comma Use Rules Use a comma to separate elements in a list Use a comma+FANBOYS to connecttwo independent clauses Use a comma to set off introductory material Use commas to set off parenthetical information Use commas to separate coordinate adjectives Use commas to set off quoted material Use commas to set off contrasting phrases Use commas to avoid potential confusion 4. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use a comma to separate elements in a series or list. 1 5. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas List of things that happened: He hit the ball. He dropped the bat. He ran to first base. Use a comma to separate elements in a series or list. 1 6. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas He hit the ball, dropped the bat, and ran to first base. Use a comma to separate elements in a series or list. 1 List of things that happened: He hit the ball. He dropped the bat. He ran to first base. 7. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas He hit the ball, dropped the bat, and ran to first base. List of things that happened: He hit the ball. He dropped the bat. He ran to first base. Use a comma to separate elements in a series or list. 1 8. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas He hit the ball, dropped the bat, and ran to first base. List of things that happened: He hit the ball. He dropped the bat. He ran to first base. Use a comma to separate elements in a series or list. comma comma 1 The controversial Oxford or Serial comma I say: Use it! Others say: Dont! 9. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas He hit the ball, dropped the bat, and ran to first base. List of things that happened: He hit the ball. He dropped the bat. He ran to first base. Use a comma to separate elements in a series or list. comma comma 1 10. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas He hit the ball, dropped the bat, and ran to first base. List of things that happened: He hit the ball. He dropped the bat. He ran to first base. Use a comma to separate elements in a series or list. 1 11. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas List ofthings to buy: Bread Milk Cheese Use a comma to separate elements in a series or list. 1 12. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Buy me some bread, milk, and cheese. List ofthings to buy: Bread Milk Cheese Use a comma to separate elements in a series or list. 1 13. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Buy me some bread, milk, and cheese. List ofthings to buy: Bread Milk Cheese comma comma Use a comma to separate elements in a series or list. 1 14. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Summaryof Comma Use Rules Use a comma to separate elements in a list Use a comma+FANBOYS to connecttwo independent clauses Use a comma to set off introductory material Use commas to set off parenthetical information Use commas to separate coordinate adjectives Use commas to set off quoted material Use commas to set off contrasting phrases Use commas to avoid potential confusion 15. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use a comma before (andnotafter)a FANBOYS conjunction when two independent clauses are being connected. 2 Exceptions Alert! 16. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use a comma before (andnotafter)a FANBOYS conjunction when two independent clauses are being connected. 2 Exceptions Alert! Two Independent Clauses: He hit the ball well. He ran toward third base. 17. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use a comma before (andnotafter)a FANBOYS conjunction when two independent clauses are being connected. He hit the ball well, but he ran toward third base. 2 Exceptions Alert! 18. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use a comma before (andnotafter)a FANBOYS conjunction when two independent clauses are being connected. He hit the ball well, but he ran toward third base. Independent clause 2 Exceptions Alert! 19. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use a comma before (andnotafter)a FANBOYS conjunction when two independent clauses are being connected. He hit the ball well, but he ran toward third base. Independent clause Independent clause 2 Exceptions Alert! 20. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use a comma before (andnotafter)a FANBOYS conjunction when two independent clauses are being connected. He hit the ball well, but he ran toward third base. FANBOYS Conjunction Independent clause Independent clause 2 Exceptions Alert! 21. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use a comma before (andnotafter)a FANBOYS conjunction when two independent clauses are being connected. He hit the ball well, but he ran toward third base. Coordinating Conjunction (one of the FANBOYS) Independent clause Independent clause comma 2 Exceptions Alert! 22. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use a comma before (andnotafter)a FANBOYS conjunction when two independent clauses are being connected. He hit the ball well, but he ran toward third base. 2 Exceptions Alert! 23. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use a comma before (andnotafter)a FANBOYS conjunction when two independent clauses are being connected. 2 Exceptions Alert! Exception Alert:If the two independent clauses areshortandwell balanced , the comma may be dropped if no confusion is created. 24. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use a comma before (andnotafter)a FANBOYS conjunction when two independent clauses are being connected. Our team is good but their team is better. 2 Exceptions Alert! 25. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use a comma before (andnotafter)a FANBOYS conjunction when two independent clauses are being connected. Our team is good but their team is better. Independent clause Independent clause 2 Exceptions Alert! 26. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use a comma before (andnotafter)a FANBOYS conjunction when two independent clauses are being connected. Our team is good but their team is better. FANBOYS conjunction Independent clause Independent clause No comma 2 Exceptions Alert! 27. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use a comma before (andnotafter)a FANBOYS conjunction when two independent clauses are being connected. Our team is good but their team is better. 2 Exceptions Alert! 28. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Summaryof Comma Use Rules Use a comma to separate elements in a list Use a comma+FANBOYS to connecttwo independent clauses Use a comma to set off introductory material Use commas to set off parenthetical information Use commas to separate coordinate adjectives Use commas to set off quoted material Use commas to set off contrasting phrases Use commas to avoid potential confusion 29. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use a comma to set off introductory material. Running toward third base, he suddenly realized how stupid he looked. 3 Exceptions Alert! 30. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use a comma to set off introductory material. Running toward third base, he suddenly realized how stupid he looked. Introductory phrase 3 Exceptions Alert! 31. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use a comma to set off introductory material. Running toward third base, he suddenly realized how stupid he looked. comma Introductory phrase 3 Exceptions Alert! 32. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Exceptions Alert! Exception Alert:If the introductory material consists ofone wordor is very,very short , then the comma may be dropped, if no confusion or difficulty in reading is created. Use a comma to set off introductory material. 3 33. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Exceptions Alert! After his short nap in the clubhouse before the game, the pitcher felt better. Use a comma to set off introductory material. 3 34. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Exceptions Alert! After his short nap in the clubhouse before the game, the pitcher felt better. Introductory phrase(kind of a long one, actually) Use a comma to set off introductory material. 3 comma 35. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Exceptions Alert! After his nap, the pitcher felt better. Introductory phrase (andthis one ismuchshorter!) comma Use a comma to set off introductory material. 3 36. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Exceptions Alert! After his nap the pitcher felt better. Introductory clause (andthis one ismuchshorter!) Okay to omit this comma Use a comma to set off introductory material. 3 37. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Exceptions Alert! After his nap the pitcher felt better. Use a comma to set off introductory material. 3 38. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Exceptions Alert! Inside the gym was warm and comfortable. Use a comma to set off introductory material. 3 39. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Exceptions Alert! Inside the gym was warm and comfortable. This is confusing and awkward to read because the writer did not usea comma to set off the introductory material. Use a comma to set off introductory material. 3 40. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Exceptions Alert! Inside, the gym was warm and comfortable. Use a comma to set off introductory material. 3 41. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Exceptions Alert! Inside, the gym was warm and comfortable. Use a comma to set off introductory material. 3 Introductoryword 42. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Exceptions Alert! Inside, the gym was warm and comfortable. Use a comma to set off introductory material. 3 Introductoryword comma 43. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Exceptions Alert! Inside, the gym was warm and comfortable. Thatsmuchbetter. Use a comma to set off introductory material. 3 44. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Summaryof Comma Use Rules Use a comma to separate elements in a list Use a comma+FANBOYS to connecttwo independent clauses Use a comma to set off introductory material Use commas to set off parenthetical information Use commas to separate coordinate adjectives Use commas to set off quoted material Use commas to set off contrasting phrases Use commas to avoid potential confusion 45. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use commas to set off parenthetical elements in text. 4 46. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use commas to set off parenthetical elements in text. Fine.But whats parenthetical mean? 4 47. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use commas to set off parenthetical elements in text. Fine.But whats parenthetical mean? 4 Thats a good question.Lets take a look. 48. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Parenthetical means extra informationnot needed to understand the sentence. Use commas to set off parenthetical elements in text. 4 49. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas The stadium , built in 1953,was small but comfortable. Parenthetical means extra informationnot needed to understand the sentence. Use commas to set off parenthetical elements in text. 4 50. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas The stadium, built in 1953, was small but comfortable. Parenthetical means extra informationnot needed to understand the sentence. Use commas to set off parenthetical elements in text. 4 51. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas The stadium, built in 1953, was small but comfortable. Parenthetical (extra) information Parenthetical means extra informationnot needed to understand the sentence. Use commas to set off parenthetical elements in text. 4 52. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas The stadium, built in 1953, was small but comfortable. comma Parenthetical (extra) information comma Parenthetical means extra informationnot needed to understand the sentence. Use commas to set off parenthetical elements in text. 4 53. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas The stadium, built in 1953, was small but comfortable. comma Parenthetical (extra) information comma Parenthetical means extra informationnot needed to understand the sentence. Use commas to set off parenthetical elements in text. 4 Thats the way you handle it. 54. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Summaryof Comma Use Rules Use a comma to separate elements in a list Use a comma+FANBOYS to connecttwo independent clauses Use a comma to set off introductory material Use commas to set off parenthetical information Use commas to separate coordinate adjectives Use commas to set off quoted material Use commas to set off contrasting phrases Use commas to avoid potential confusion 55. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use commas to separate coordinate adjectives. 5 56. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use commas to separate coordinate adjectives. 5 distinguished gentleman... That tall, 57. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use commas to separate coordinate adjectives. 5 distinguished gentleman... versus That tall, 58. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use commas to separate coordinate adjectives. 5 distinguished gentleman... That little old lady... versus That tall, 59. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use commas to separate coordinate adjectives. 5 distinguished gentleman... That little old lady... versus That tall, comma No comma 60. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use commas to separate coordinate adjectives. 5 61. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use commas to separate coordinate adjectives. 5 Lots of times, we make phrases like this: 62. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use commas to separate coordinate adjectives. 5 Lots of times, we make phrases like this: Adjective noun 63. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use commas to separate coordinate adjectives. 5 Lots of times, we make phrases like this: Adjective noun Adjective adjective noun 64. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use commas to separate coordinate adjectives. 5 Lots of times, we make phrases like this: Adjective noun Adjective adjective noun Adjective adjective adjective noun 65. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use commas to separate coordinate adjectives. 5 Lots of times, we make phrases like this: Adjective noun Adjective adjective noun Adjective adjective adjective noun That question is, when do you use commasbetweenthe adjectives? 66. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use commas to separate coordinate adjectives. 5 Heres a easy way to tell if you need commas between all those adjectives: If you can put the wordandorbutbetween the adjectives, then you (almost certainly) needcommasbetween them. 67. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use commas to separate coordinate adjectives. 5 He is a tall and distinguished gentleman. 68. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use commas to separate coordinate adjectives. 5 He is a tall and distinguished gentleman. OK! 69. Comma Sense Understanding &amp; UsingCommas Use commas to...</p>