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  • E X H I B I T I O N S P A C E

    C O M I C B O O K B A S E D O N M Y T H O L O G YW I T H A M O D E R N T W I S T

    F i n a l Ye a r B T E C N a t i o n a l G r a p h i c D e s i g n

    K w a k u A n k a p o n g

  • C o p y r i g h t I s s u e s

    Copyright As an artist or a photographer, your most valuable assets are your

    creations. An artist's work can end up on someone else's product,

    marketing piece, or website, without the artist's permission and

    without the artist ever earning a royalty. The piece may even have been

    modified or there might be no credit disclosing who created it. Many

    artists and photographers feel there is not much they can do to stop

    that, or just do not know how to protect themselves. Did you know

    that $30 and a few minutes of your time could mean the difference

    between preventing your creation from being stolen or standing by

    helplessly? Or that you cannot file a lawsuit unless you register the

    copyright on your work? This pamphlet will arm you with the

    knowledge you need to protect your artwork or photographs, and put

    to rest some common myths.

    Works of art are automatically protected by copyrights. Copyrights

    protect the expression of an idea. Ideas may be expressed in artistic

    forms such as photographs, songs, poems, sculptures and paintings.

    Copyrights give the author or artist the exclusive right to copy,

    distribute, publicly perform, and make derivative works from the

    protected work. When you sell a piece, you are selling the tangible parts

    of it, like the canvas and the frame, but you are retaining ownership of

    the image itself. The purchaser obtains an implied license to use the

    image for personal use. Your sale of a painting or a photograph does

    not give the purchaser the right to copy, distribute, publicly perform,

    and make derivative works of that image. That means that if a third party

    purchases your painting and, without your permission, hangs it in a

    gallery and charges an admission to view it, they have exceeded their

    licensing rights and violated your copyright. Likewise, derivative works

    are protected - an important concept for an artist to understand. It is

    not acceptable to recreate someone else's work by simply making some

    modifications. It is a common misconception that as long as you change

    a piece by a certain percentage, it is not an infringement. Actually, there

    is no such test. The question is whether the second creator simply used

    the idea or concept, or if he or she began with the original work and

    then made modifications to it. The latter is a derivative work.

    Copyrights are owned by the creator of the work and not by the

    person who commissioned the work. Someone other than the artist

    can own a work only if it is under the statutory definition of a "work

    made for hire," or if the copyright is assigned in writing. If the artist is

    an employee who creates the work in the scope of his employment,

    the employer will own the piece. If the artist is not an employee, then

    the person who hires the artist will own the work only if the copyright

    is assigned to her in writing or if the work was "a work specially ordered

    or commissioned for use as a contribution to a collective work, as part

    of a motion picture or other audiovisual work, if the parties expressly

    agree in a written instrument signed by them that the work shall be

    considered a work made for hire." Photographs, paintings or sculptures

    that are not commissioned for use as a contribution to a collective

    work cannot be works made for hire but can still be assigned through

    a written assignment of the copyright.

    Copyrights last for 70 years from the death of the author. If the work

    was a work made for hire, its term is 95 years from the date of

    publication or 120 years from the date of creation, whichever expires

    first. Once the term expires, the work belongs to the public and can be

    used by anyone.

    There are two important steps to protect your copyrights. The first is

    to simply sign your painting or add a copyright notice to it. A copyright

    notice should look like this: 2004 Maria Crimi Speth. The year should

    be the year that the work was created. The name should be the legal

    name of the owner. This notice puts others on notice that the work is

    protected by copyright and is not in the public domain. The second way

    to protect your copyright is to register the copyright with the Library

    of Congress. The benefits of copyright registration are that (1) it can be

    used to prove ownership; (2) you cannot file your lawsuit until your

    copyright is registered; (3) if you register before an infringement, you

    can recover your attorney fees if you win a lawsuit; and (4) if you

    register before an infringement, you can recover up to $100,000 per

    violation without proving actual damages.

    Not only is registration beneficial, it is not expensive or difficult. Log on

    to the Library of Congress website at, click on US

    Copyright Office, click on Publications, and click on Forms. While you

    are in the Publications category, you might want to read more about

    copyright protection in the many publications available online and for

    downloading. Choose the form that applies to your type of work. For

    paintings, photographs, and sculptures, choose Form VA

    (with instructions). Follow the instructions to fill out the form. Send the

    completed signed form, two copies of your work (one if it has not been

    published) and $30 to the address in the right-hand corner of the form.

    In approximately eight months, you will receive the copyright form back

    from the copyright office stamped as registered. An often-asked

    question is whether each piece must be separately registered. After all,

    $30 is not so inexpensive if you have hundreds of images. The copyright

    office does allow the combined registration of all photographs created

    in the same year as long as the date of publication of each photograph

    is identified either on the image or on a cross reference sheet. You can

    also register a collection of works, such as a book of photographs, a

    book of poems, or a book of sketches. You should be cautious since

    you can decrease your level of protection over individual pieces by

    including them in a collection. Your prize pieces should be separately

    registered and your collections should not be too large.

    Even if you have limited time or financial resources, there are basic

    inexpensive steps that you can take to protect your creative works. If

    your work is infringed, consult an attorney to determine whether you

    can recover damages or stop the infringement. It may be an old clich,

    but an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure!


    U n i t 1 2 4 R e s e a r c h

    K w a k u A n k a p o n g

  • C o p y r i g h t I s s u e s


    Copyright protecting your Artwork.In copyright protecting your artwork, it helps you maintain right for

    distribution and duplication.

    How to get a copyright protection.Your work gets protect automatically during the creation of the

    artwork or design. But to officially protect or further protect you work,

    it need to be register, added to copyright notice and if uploaded on the

    on to computer, you will need to provide evidence of when it was


    Can I sell the right to copy my Artwork?Officially selling your artwork is called license. License is giving someone

    the right and permission to use your artwork in ways you agree with

    and discussing with the customer about usage of fees. In some cases

    you may sell all the right to sell of artwork or controlling license terms

    and condition for the artwork. For example selling the right of artwork

    to magazine may use the artwork for other stuff such having the graphic

    or mugs, flyers, business card and clothing.

    What is protected by copyright law?Artwork is your conceptual property that is protected by copyright

    law. In copyright protecting your art (graphics, photos, music, videos

    etc.) you transform idea or concept into tangible concept.

    What are my copyrights?In copyright issue laws, you and only can make as many copies of your

    original artwork or market it. The rights and laws are exclusive to you,

    which mean you only can use or allow other people to use it.

    What is Not protected by copyright law?Regardless of whether or not they are fixed in a tangible form, copyright

    law does not protect the process, media technique, procedure, materials

    ideas and concepts.


    This screen shoot shows evidence when artwork was created. It shows

    the sketch work, inked page and coloured in character.

    To copyright protect my artwork, I will add a copyright notice to it ()and

    include my own logo or name. This shows other people , that my artwork

    is protected by copyright and is not in the public domain. Other way of

    protecting my artwork n future is by registering my artwork by Uk

    Copyright Corporation. Registering also provides evidence

    or proof of ownership.

    U n i t 1 2 4 H o w To C o p y r i g h t P r o t e c t A r t w o r k

    K w a k u A n k a p o n g

    P3 - character posesDigital Inking Of CharactersSkintone experiment ( Native Indian)

    Screenshott showing how I saved imported by pageP5- front cover experimentsuncompleted sceneFront cover design1africa fontFront cover design 2First scene Page 2Working on the tile of storyline "The Gift Of A Cow Tail Switch"Comic Book (front cover)First scene Page 1First scene Page 2First scene Page 3Second scene Page 1Second scene Page 2Second scene Page 3Second scene Page 4Third scene Page 1Third scene Page 2Third scene Page 3

    Exhibition Space

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