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Comic BookComic StripTypes of ComicsCartoon
Uses for Comics
Randy Glasbergen http://glasbergen.com
Comic strips created with Comic Boom software
A Center for Disease Control publication targeted for youth: http://www.bam.gov/sub_yourLife/yourlife_comiccreator.html
A publication from the Duke Center for the Study of the Public Domainhttp://www.law.duke.edu/cspd/comics/zoomcomic.html
Ostrom, R. (2004). Active Learning Strategies for Using Cartoons and Internet Research Assignments in Social Studies Courses.Guide analysis of sample cartoons to establish expectationsSelect editorial cartoons to assign for analysisAssign students to groups to analyze cartoonsIssueSymbolsExaggeration and DistortionStereotypesCaricatureHumor and IronyBackground KnowledgeArgumentPresentations to class on their analysis; debate positionsSource: The Mindsparks Editorial Cartoon Checklist
Source: Cartoon News Magazine Daily Cartoon http://www.cartoonnewsmagazine.com/daily_cartoon.htm
Sample Lesson PlanAs students analyze the editorial cartoon, they willUnderstand the context in which the cartoon was drawn Discover the basic elements of the cartoon Find and interpret the icons that appear in the cartoon Identify the cartoonists message Develop skill in seeing and understanding persuasive techniques used by cartoonists Identify qualities of cartooning such as sensory, formal, expressive, technical, and judgmental Source: The Dirksen Congressional Center Editorial Cartoon Collection http://www.congresslink.org/cartoons/lessons/1960_presidential_campaign.htm
Creating a message requiresCritical thinkingPlanningConcise writingCreativity = student engagementStudent engagement = excitement!
Find a tour of Comic Boom at http://www.toonboom.com/products/comicboom/Comic Boom
Comic Book Creator 2
Comic Book Creator 2
Comic Book Creator 2
Inexpensive Softwaremakebeliefscomix.com free!Comic Boom (PC) - $20Comic Life (Mac) - $28 (Amazon)Comic Book Creator 2 - $30 (AsSeenonTV)
Which approach are youmost likely to try out? Purchase cartoons (memory prompt) Create comic strips for important concepts (make content more inviting) Create a comic book for important concepts (make content more inviting) Students analyze editorial cartoons (support learning activities) Students create comic strips or comic books (student-generated content)
SourcesScience Cartoons Plus (S. Harris) - ~ $12 each http://www.sciencecartoonsplus.com/index.phpTodays Cartoon (Randy Glasbergen) - ~ $20 each http://www.glasbergen.comComic Book Creator 2 from re-sellers (no longer available from Planetwide Games Software)Amazon re-sellers - $59.95 +AsSeenonTV http://www.asseenontv.com/prod-pages/comic_book_creator.html ($29.95)Active Learning Strategies for Using Cartoons and Internet Research Assignments in Social Studies Courses, by Richard Ostrom (2004) http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa4033/is_200404/ai_n9373933Tales from the Public Domain: Bound by Law (comic book) http://www.law.duke.edu/cspd/comics/zoomcomic.htmlNew York Times News Service Photos & Graphics http://cartoons.nytimages.com/index.htmlThe Dirksen Centers Editorial Cartoon Collection http://www.congresslink.org/cartoons/index.htmComic Boom tour http://www.toonboom.com/products/comicboom/Makebeliefscomix http://www.makebeliefscomix.com
Joan Van [email protected]
Center for Excellence in Learning & TeachingHumboldt State University707.826.4460Questions?
Welcome! My name is Joan Van Duzer.
I work as an instructional technologist at Humboldt State University. Im assuming most of you are instructional technologists alsois that right? PAUSE
How many of you also teach? PAUSE
Hopefully today youll get some ideas for making courses you teach or help design more creative and effective. Most of the examples today can apply to most disciplines.
How many of you read comic books as a kid? PAUSE
How many of you still read the newspaper comics regularly? PAUSE
Are the comics funny because you see a tiny measure of truth in them? Sometimes prompting reflection or amusing you by getting you to look at something in a new way?We usually turn to comics for entertainmentbut could comics be used to enhance instruction and create more engagement?
Mary Poppins knew: A spoonful of sugar makes the medicine go down in the most delightful way
She knew that offering sugar caused no real harm but made an otherwise unpleasant experience more enjoyable. Can we adopt the Mary Poppins philosophy in our teaching by adding comics as our spoonful of sugar?
Although the theory of millennial students or generation Y is disputed by some, the literature tells us that Millennials value hands-on, student-oriented, active approaches, including experiential activities, with teamwork, technology and
So maybe comics can serve an important purpose when reaching todays students after all For the purposes of this presentation, I will use the term comics to refer to
Comic books multi-page graphic novels
Cartoons single panel caricatures with a message
Comic strips multi-panel caricatures with a messageI was first inspired to explore comics for instructional purposes when Google released their comic book to introduce their new browser, Chrome.
It wasnt long into my investigation before colleagues began sharing with me other examples of comics used in the popular press.Here at Humboldt, Riley Quarles and Jen Burges shared with me examples of books that were published in a graphic novel, or comic book, format.
It turns out comics were around me all the timeI just hadnt noticed!My investigation into instructional uses of comics led me to four general categories:
Make Content More Inviting
Support Learning Activities
Student Generated Content
There may be more ways to incorporate comics that may occur to you during this presentation, and I encourage you to jot down your own ideas to share with us at the end of this presentation.I helped develop an online course here at Humboldt where we incorporated cartoons PURCHASED from Randy Glasbergen.
Each cartoon cost about $20.
Each week, a new cartoon introduced the key concept for the week. The cartoon was used to help anchor the concept with a glance (and a snicker) and help point students in the direction we would be going for the week.
Take a look at these cartoons and make your best guess on what the class was that used these cartoons. Enter your response in the chat window. PAUSE
These cartoons were used in a WEIGHT CONTROL class. The first one introduced the topic of eating disorders; the second one introduced the topic of the role genetics play in weight.This is an example of using comics to anchor a concept for your students.
You can generate the comic strip yourself on any topic.
Not all of us are talented artists, however. Fortunately, there is inexpensive, simple-to-use software available to help us make comic strips.
Not only does it not take long to do, but its great fun creating fun for your students.I used this same simple-to-use software to create a series of comic strips to launch a promotional campaign on campus to introduce the campus migration to Zimbra.
Each week during the four weeks leading up to the cut-over date a new comic strip displayed prominently for students of our old campus email system. (Only three of the four strips fit on this slide.)
The idea was to draw attention to the transition in a fun way and introduce the idea of change in a whimsical and entertaining way.
These strips were great fun to make and went from concept to completion in about an hour each.The Center for Disease Control took what could otherwise be dry and boring information targeted to a young age group by making the content more inviting in a comic book format.
Without proper packaging this age group might not be interested in engaging in the otherwise uninviting information.How many of you have questions about copyright?PAUSE
How many of you would want to pick up a 70-page manual on copyright?PAUSE
But who can resist this 70-page comic book written and illustrated in a collaborative effort by professors of law at Duke Law School.How many of you regularly look at the editorial cartoons on the Editorial pages of your newspaper?PAUSE
These editorial cartoons can directly support learning activities in the social sciences.
Rick Ostrom of CSU Chico, now retired, published his Active Learning Strategies for Using Cartoons and Internet Research Assignments in Social Studies Courses in 2004.
He purchased a video that guided them through editorial cartoon analysis using the framework of elements of the cartoon, then practiced with the whole class.This is an example of a practice cartoon he might have used to get students familiar with the process expected of them for their group assignment.
The examples, from the Cartoon News Magazine, begin with a brief context of the cartoon, followed by exploratory questions. Students can then check their answers when theyve drafted their analysis.The Dirksen Congressional Center offers sample lesson plans tied to cartoons in their collection.
There are other resources cited in Rick Ostroms article.The Duke Law School professors who co-developed the comic book I mentioned earlier on copyright law, report that they created it
in innumerable hilarious, and occasionally manic conference calls with each other. No doubt there was a spoonful of sugar used for their task at hand: which was to explain copyright law in an understandable way to others.
Clearly, they were engaged and having great fun in the creative process. Isnt this EXACTLY what we want for our students?
What if we assigned the creation of comics in some of our classes? Could this student-generated content have a secondary benefit to learners outside our classes, as our students share their exciting and engaging learning byproducts with others?
But not all of us are talented artists. So is there software available to assist the art-challenged among us? Is it affordable?Comic Boom is the first program I found to create comic strips. It is available for both the Mac and PC.
Its childrens software and very easy to use. Its educational pricing is $20.
Toon Boom, that sells Comic Boom, also sells sophisticated animation software also.
The simple set of tools exist in the editing pallette.
At the bottom of the screen the four panels for the strip are shown in thumbnail view.
A very limited set of characters, backgrounds, and objects are available to add to the frames.You can see that Ive selected the soccer field background scene. There are a few other scenes also availabletwo other outdoor scenes and one indoor scene.
As you modify objects in the main screen with colors or text, you can save the objects in your collections at the right.
When youve completed your strip, you can export it to the printer directly, save as JPG or PDF format.An even less expensive option is the web-based tool, Make Beliefs Comix. There is no software to download and no fee to use this comic strip maker.
In addition to being less expensive, Make Beliefs Comix has more flexibility in creating your comic strip.
With Make Beliefs Comix online tablet, one can make two-panel, three-panel, or four-panel comic strips.
There are 15 different characters and each character has a variety of poses. Background colors are limited and there are no background scenes or objects to add to the panels.
Make Beliefs Comix is not universally accessible.However, the export options are limited.
You can save your strip and refer to it by URL or send to the printer. There is no export to JPG or PDF option. Of course you can use a screen capture to create your own GIF.
Comic Book Creator 2 is my favorite tool. In addition to allowing creation of multi-page comics for more elaborate storytelling, one can also create comic strips.
However, it has limited availability now as its publisher has shifted emphasis to web-based avatar creation and story-telling. Similar to Second Life. I have seen the product sold by third party vendors at $30 for a download and $50 for a boxed version.
I created a comic book to support our campus rollout of Zimbra and it was so much fun, my co-workers had begun wondering if I would ever talk about anything else!
I enjoyed showing it to others. I was surprised by the creativity it unleashed for me and it prompted me to learn more for the story, and seek images that best supported by story.
This task integrated kinesthetic, writing, and visual learning styles. The program also supports inserting sound clips in the comic book, but I didnt try that feature.Comic Book Creator 2 was very easy to learn to use and more flexible than Comic Boom. I was able to import my own images to customize my story. There were also many templates for layout of each page.
The layout begins with a template that appears in the center pane,
with panel for selecting media in the left pane and
a panel for formatting in the right pane.The panels have many options. Here are some examples.
You can see that there are many pre-selected comic book words available, as well as text boxes, audio clips, and text bubbles to choose from.In summary, there are the tools Ive found that I can recommend exploring.
I have not tried Comic Life, but others tell me its easy to use.Which approach are you most likely to try out?
These are the references for this presentation.What ideas do you have for incorporating comics in your classes?