Combustion Diagnostics Emission and Combustion Properties of Biofuel

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S P A C E Structures, Propulsion, And Control Engineering C e n t e r. Combustion Diagnostics Emission and Combustion Properties of Biofuel. Student Assistants Michael Tran 2 Henry Luong 1 Johanna Lopez 1 Teresita Buhler 1 Emerzon Cruz 1. Faculty Advisors - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Combustion DiagnosticsEmission and Combustion Properties of BiofuelFaculty Advisors Dr. Guillaume1 Dr. Boussalis1

    Student Assistants Michael Tran2Henry Luong1Johanna Lopez1Teresita Buhler1 Emerzon Cruz1

    NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A*1. California State University, Los Angeles, CA 90023 2. University of California, Irvine, CA 92697

    NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

  • MOTIVATIONNASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A*What is biodiesel?Why biodiesel?Advantages and disadvantages*NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

    NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

  • *NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44APRESENTATION OUTLINEEngine vs. Flame StudiesLaser DiagnosticsLaser Induced IncandescenceLaser light extinctionCounterflow BurnerCombustion Properties of BiofuelPrimary Thesis StudyPossible PhD StudyBiodiesel Hydrocarbon Chain*NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

    NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

  • *NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44AENGINES VS FLAME STUDIES*NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

    NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

  • *NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44ALASER INDUCED INCANDESCENCEGoal: Qualitative and quantitative measurement of sootOutput: Soot profile, soot volume fractions, and particle sizePrinciple:Soot is heated by laser (3500-4000K)Incandescence flame images soot profileIncandescence intensity soot volume fractionTemporal decay of incandescence particle size*NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

    NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

  • *NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44ALII EXPERIMENTAL SETUP*NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

    NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

  • *NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44ALII EXPERIMENTAL SETUP*NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

    NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

  • *NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44ALII EXPERIMENTAL SETUP*NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

    NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

  • *NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44ALII RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONSB0B20Natural Incandescence (Long exposure time)Laser Induced Incandescence*NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

    NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

  • *NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44ALII RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONSB0B20Qualitative Results*NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

    NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

  • *NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44ALIGHT EXTINCTION THEORYPhysical meaning of fv: volume of soot per unit volume*NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

    NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

  • *NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44ALIGHT EXTINCTION THEORYPhysical meaning of fv: volume of soot per unit volume*NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

    NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

  • *NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44ALIGHT EXTINCTION THEORY*NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

    NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

  • *NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44ALII vs. LIGHT EXTINCTION*NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

    NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

  • COUNTERFLOW BURNERNASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A*Primary Thesis study: Soot emission of biofuel using laser diagnosticsPossible PhD study: Combustion property of biofuel using advanced counterflow flame burner configuration*NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

    NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

  • COUNTERFLOW BURNERNASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A**NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

    NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

  • COUNTERFLOW BURNERNASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A**NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

    NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

  • PROJECT TIMELINENASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A*NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

    NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

  • REFERENCESNASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A*ReferencesTurn, S. An Introduction to Combustion. Mc Graw Hill. 2nd Ed. (2000)Eckbreth, A.C Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species. Abacus Press, 1988Glassman, I. Combustion. 3rd Edition. Academic Press, San Diego, 1996Vander Wal, R.L. Using Laser-Induced Incandescence to Measure Soot/Smoke Concentrations. 1997. NASA Report # 97-206325 Shaddix, R.C., Smyth, K.C. Laser-Induced Incandescence Measurements of Soot Production in Steady and Flickering Methane, Propane, and Ethylene Diffusion Flames. Combustion and Flame. 1996;107:418-452Melton, L. Soot Diagnostics Based on Laser Heating. Applied Optics. 1984; 23: 2001-2208Schumacher, L.G, William G.H , Borgel, S.C. Fueling Diesel Engines with Methyl-Ester Soybean Oil. Liquid Fuels from Renewable Resources: Proceedings of an Alternative Conference. American Society of Agricultural Engineers, Nashville, TN, 1992 *NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

    NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

  • REFERENCESNASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A*ReferencesChoi, S.C. Measurement and Analysis of the Dimensionless Extinction Constant for Diesel and Biodiesel Soot: Influence of Pressure, Wavelength and Fuel-Type. Thesis Dissertation. Drexel University. 2009Bladh, H. On the Use of Laser-Induced Incandescence for Soot Diagnostics: From Theoretical Aspects to Applications in Engines. Doctoral Dissertation. Lund University, 2007 D1322. Standard Test Method for Smoke Point of Kerosene and Aviation Turbine Fuel. American Society for Testing and Materials. Reapproved 2002Ziejewski, M., Kaufman, K.R, Schwab, A.W., Pryde, E.H. Diesel Engine Evaluation of a Nonionic Sunflower Oil- Aqueous Ethanol Microemulsion. Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society. 1984: 61; 1620-1626Nwafor, O.M, Rice, G. Performance of Rapeseed Oil Blends in a Diesel Engine. Applied Energy. 1996; 54: 354-354*NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

    NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTSCooperation between graduate/undergraduates at SPACE Center (CSULA) and Lasers, Flames, and Aerosols Laboratory (UCI)

    Grant provide by NASA # NNX08BA44A

    NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A**NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

    NASA Grant URC NCC NNX08BA44A

    To change the date, grant and page #, go to the [Insert] Tab and then [Headers and Footers].**********

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