colombia: basic facts

Download Colombia: Basic Facts

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Basic facts about Colombia. For a school report!


  • COLOMBIAReport by: Colombia GroupLit 201 Literatures of the WorldMarch 1, 2013
  • Country Highlights Capital: Bogota Language: Spanish Currency: Colombian peso Government: Multiparty Republic Religion: Roman Catholic Population: 47 million (2012) Names: Colombia is named after Christopher Columbus, was a part of New Granada colony
  • Colombian Climate Colombia has many extremes of landscape, and different elevations dictate various climates:1. Hot zone (tierra caliente)2. Temperate zone (tierra templada)3. Cold zone (tierra fria)4. Bleak and treeless zone (paramos) Rainy and dry seasons alternate in three-month cycles. There are two wet seasons: April to June and October to December. Northern areas have one long rainy season, from May through October.
  • Peoples: AppearanceMost Colombians are Mestizos, Mulatoes, Whites, Blacks, and Native Americans.
  • Peoples: CostumeLa Pollera Colora or brightly colored skirt for women
  • Peoples: OrnamentsSombrero vueltiao (hat) for men and Ruana (cape) for both genders
  • Customs & Traditions Festivals provide the ideal setting to see, hear and experience Colombian culture. Carnaval de Negros y Blancos Carnaval de Barranquilla Wind and Kite Festival Feria de las Flores or The Flower Fair
  • Customs & TraditionsUnique Colombian Marriage Customs: No Bridesmaid or Best Man A Dance The Coins or Las ArrasFamous food: Bandeja paisa or "paisa platter" - national dish Colombian coffee
  • Art Pre-colonial Early artifacts were made of clay, stone, and gold. Gold was abundant was used to make ornaments inspired by nature and the supernatural
  • Art Colonial: inspired by Christianity
  • Art Modern has been influenced by international art styles with a unique Colombian twist.
  • Language: Spanish Hola Hello Adios Goodbye Gracias Thank you Si Yes No No
  • Religion: Roman CatholicismBeliefs: Authority Within the Church The Bible Forgiveness of Sin Hell Marys Status Purgatory Salvation Saints
  • Religion: Roman CatholicismPractices: Baptism Clergy Selection The Lords Supper Prayer Right to Life Sacraments Statues
  • Geography: Location & Neighborslocated in north-west South America. It is the fourth largest country in Latin America.
  • Map of ColombiaIt is bordered by Ecuador andPeru on the south, Brazil andVenezuela in the east, andPanama on the north-west. It hasextensive coastlines on both thePacific and the Carribean.
  • Geography Colombia is a country of contrasts. It has both snow-capped mountains, tropical regions with rainforests, grassy plains, and warm beaches. Country:3 major regions:1. The Andean region2. The Coastal region3. Rainforests and llanosHighest point: Pico Cristobal Colon
  • Geography: Extremes of Landscape &Climate
  • Bodies of Water 2 major rivers: Cauca and Magdalena Colombia has both coasts in the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean.
  • Tourist SpotsMedellin
  • Tourist SpotsAmazon Rainforest
  • Tourist SpotsCartagena
  • Tourist SpotsCiudad Perdida or the Lost City.
  • Tourist SpotsMompox
  • History Precolonial: The land was originally home to many groups of Native Americans. Chibcha, a group in the Andes, traded gold and emeralds for the Guajiras (another group) cotton and salt. Other groups are the Tayrona, Muisca, and Quimbaya. 1530s: Spanish conquered the Chibcha for gold, and they brought African slaves to work in sugarcane plantations along with Chibcha survivors.
  • History: Legend of El Dorado El Dorado is the name of a Muisca tribal chief who covered himself with gold dust and, as an initiation rite, dove into the Guatavita Lake, and offer gold to their gods. Later, it became the name of a legendary "Lost City of Gold", that fascinated explorers since the days of the Spanish Conquistadors. No evidence for its existence has been found.
  • History 1717: The area became the Spanish colony of New Granada. 1819: Colombia won independence from Spain, led by Simon Bolivar and Francisco Santander. The independent republic of Gran Colombia was declared and it included present-day states of Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, and Venezuela.
  • History 1830: This republic has disintegrated and Colombia (with Panama), Ecuador, and Venezuela became independent nations. During this period, the Liberal and Conservative parties were founded. 19th century was characterized by rivalry and armed struggles between Liberal and Conservative factions. 1899-1902: War of a thousand days a civil war over government disagreements. Another civil strife known as The Violence flared again in 1948-1959. 1980s: Some wealthy Colombians engage in illegal drug trade. The government campaigned to stop this, but has met violent resistance from durg lords. Today Colombia is the third largest oil producer in South America.
  • Featured short story: One of thesedays by Gabriel Garcia Marquez About the author... Gabriel Garcia Marquez was a journalist and fiction writer. His work introduced readers to magical realism, which combines fact and fantasy. His novels One Hundred Years of Solitude and Love in the Time of Cholera have drawn worldwide audiences. He won a Nobel Prize in 1982.