climatic changes interaktiv

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  • The Evidence of theClimatic Changes in GermanyMain effects of the climatic changes

    2. Impact on:agricultural areasthe Alpsthe North Seacitiesrivers & lakes

  • Main effects of the climatic changes

  • The impact on different regions in GermanyChoose one!

  • The impact on different regions in GermanyChoose one!

  • The impact on agriculture in GermanyGeneral harvest depends on climate

  • The impact on agriculture in GermanyEvidence: higher temperatures

    better growing of plants

    period of growing starts earlier & lasts longer

    increase of harvest & quality of harvest of plants which need a lot of warmthless fertility of the ground

    spreading of pests, insects & diseases

    higher water evaporation

  • The impact on agriculture in GermanyEvidence: changing precipitation

    moist ground in early springdanger of flooding & erosion

    damage of plants by hail

    minerals are washed out of the ground

  • The impact on agriculture in GermanyEvidence: higher carbon dioxide content in the atmosphere

    plants can do photosynthesis betterdepends on the kind of plant

  • change seeding dates cultivate different kinds of plants change kind of fertilization protect plants against pesticides adjust to the water conditions protect fields against erosionThe impact on agriculture in GermanyHow can farmers adjust to the climatic changes?

  • The impact on agriculture in GermanyConclusionfarmers have to adapt to the new climatic conditions agriculture is able to deal with the climatic changes

    Back

  • The impact on different regions in GermanyChoose one!

  • The impact on cities in GermanyGeneral

    Chart1

    0.85

    0.15

    Where do people live in Germany?

    Where do people live in Germany?

    Tabelle1

    Where do people live in Germany?

    Cities85%

    rural areas15%

    Ziehen Sie zum ndern der Gre des Diagrammdatenbereichs die untere rechte Ecke des Bereichs.

  • The impact on cities in GermanyEvidence: extreme weather situationsheat waves

    temperature differences between cities and surrounding countryside up to 10C

    danger to the health of people

  • The impact on cities in GermanyEvidence: extreme weather situationsColon - view of the Dom

  • The impact on cities in GermanyEvidence: extreme weather situationsheat waves

    Temperature differences between cities and surrounding countryside up to 10C

    danger to the health of people

    heavy rain

    possibility of violent thunderstorms, floods and even tornadoes

    strain to the urban sewage system,destroying of cities

  • financial problem for cities danger to the health of the inhabitants

    The impact on cities in GermanyConclusionBack

  • The impact on the North SeaGeneralMain climatic changes:rising temperatureincrease of wind and stormrise of Mean Sea Leveldanger of floodschanges in Ecosystem

  • The impact on the North SeaEvidence: higher temperature rise of the average temperature until middle of the 21st century: +1.8C

    Temperature

  • The impact on the North SeaEvidence: wind & storm increase of the average wind speed until middle of the 21st century : +1%

    Average wind speed

  • The impact on the North SeaEvidence: wind & storm rise of the storm intensity until middle of the 21st century: +1%

    Storm intensity

  • The impact on the North Searise of MSL ( mean sea level) of the North Sea

    a) during the last century : 25 cm ( in contrast: 15 cm worldwide) b) until the end of 21st century : 50 cmEvidence: rise of the mean sea levelhigher sea level

  • The impact on the North SeaIncrease of the storm floods at the north sea

    a) in the next decades : rising of water level :10 30 cm b) until the end of 21st century : rising of water level : 60 - 80 cmEvidence: danger of floodsstorm flood

  • The impact on the North SeaEvidence: changes in Ecosystemchanges of food basis

  • The impact on the North SeaScenario: best case scenariosmallest rise ofaverage temperatureuntil end of the 21st century: +1.9C smallest rise ofaverage storm intensity until end of the 21st century:+0%TemperatureStorm intensity

  • The impact on the North SeaScenarios: best case scenario Impact of the best case scenario:moderate effects on the ecosystemno changes in the living conditions of the coast dwellers

  • The impact on the North SeaScenarios: worst case scenariomaximum increase ofaverage temperatureuntil end of the 21st century: +4,5C maximum increase ofaverage storm intensity until end of the 21st century:+3%Storm intensityTemperature

  • The impact on the North SeaScenario: worst case scenario Impact of the worst case scenario:massive effects on the ecosystemdramatic changes in the living conditions of the coast dwellers

    Back

  • The impact on different regions in GermanyChoose one!

  • The impact on rivers & lakes in GermanyGeneral more droughts low water level glacial melting more floodsflood

  • The impact on rivers & lakes in GermanyEvidence: rivers warm uprivers warm upfish dieoxygen content fallsfish have to breathe on the surfacefish dive deeper to escape thewarm waterseabirds do not find enough foodpower plants can not be cooledno security of energy suppliesdecreasing fish industrybad food supply,less reproduc-tion among fishunemployment

  • The impact on rivers & lakes in GermanyConclusion fish dying no security of energy supplyfish dyingBack

  • The impact on different regions in GermanyChoose one!

  • The impact on forests in GermanyGeneralMain changes:rising temperature changing hydrologic balance decrease of the water supply too little water in summer spreading of different trees influenced by the temperature & rainfall

  • pests profit from climatic change more pests live through the winter rising number of pests area where you can find pests is extendedThe impact on forests in GermanyEvidence: pests

  • The impact on forests in GermanyEvidence: the bark beetle ca.150 types of bark beetle in Germany live mostly in weak trees & favor conifers climatic change helps beetle to extend into new areas

    bark beetle

  • The impact on forests in GermanyEvidence: Oak Processionary Moth

    harmful for humans coverage was Mediterranean region has extended all over Germany & Europe causes allergiesOak Processionary MothBack

  • The impact on different regions in GermanyChoose one!

  • The impact on the alps in GermanyGeneralgreenhouse effectregional climatic changes(rainfall staying away)de-icing of glaciers ( up to 30%)de-icing of permafrostreduce durance of snow covering some areas

  • The impact on the alps in GermanyEvidence: de-icing glaciers natural disasters: breaking down of glaciers causing avalanches glaciers breaking into glacial lakes causing huge wavesglacier covered with foils

  • The impact on the alps in GermanyEvidence: de-icing permafrost Retreat of permafrost:destabilisation of rocksaffects basements of buildings and lift stationsperm frosted ground

  • The impact on the alps in GermanyEvidence of higher temperatures on naturemore species are able to live in the Alps:new species are dominantold species can not survive in the Alps & can not settle anywhere elseextinction of many speciesPtarmigan Back

  • VocabularyWords you do not knowBack

    English wordExplanationincreaseto become morefertility / fertileareas of land or soil where crops can be grown successfullypestsdestructive insect that attacks plantsevaporationprocess whereby water is changed from a liquid to a gas (water vapor)

  • VocabularyWords you do not knowBack

    English wordExplanationprecipitationthe falling to earth of any form of water ( for example rain or snow)moistlightly wet

  • VocabularyWords you do not knowBack

    English wordExplanationphotosynthesisprocess by which plants generate carbohydrates and oxygen from carbon dioxide, water, and light energy

  • VocabularyWords you do not knowBack

    English wordExplanationfertilizationchemical compounds to make plants more productive

  • VocabularyWords you do not knowBack

    English wordExplanationsewage systemsystem transport sewage through cities

  • VocabularyWords you do not knowBack

    English wordExplanationaveragemeasure of the "middle" of a value

  • VocabularyWords you do not knowBack

    English wordExplanationexpulsionact of forcing someone to leave a certain placeintrusionentry into a foreign area

  • VocabularyWords you do not knowBack

    English wordExplanationcoast dwellerspeople or animals living on the coast

  • VocabularyWords you do not knowBack

    English wordExplanationdroughtperiod where to less rain falls

  • VocabularyWords you do not knowBack

    English wordExplanationpower plantsindustrial facility for the generation of electric power pictureunemploymentnot having a joboxygen contentamount of oxygen in the atmospherereproduction the process of generating offspring food supplyavailability of food

  • VocabularyWords you do not knowBack

    English wordExplanationconiferkind of tree picture

  • VocabularyWords you do not knowBack

    English wordExplanationpermafrostground which is frozen all over the yearde-icingmelting of ice and snowglacierhuge mass of ice picture

  • VocabularyWords you do not knowBack

    English wordExplanationavala

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