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  • 1

    CLIMATE CHANGE INNOVATIONS AND

    ENTREPRENEURSHIP

    RESEARCH REPORT

    SUBMITTED TO

    WORLDWIDE FUND FOR NATURE

    UGANDA COUNTRY OFFICE

    DEVELOPED BY

    INNOVATION SYSTEMS AND CLUSTERS PROGRAM-

    UGANDA

    APRIL 2011

  • 2

    Table of Contents

    List of Acronyms ........................................................................................................................ 5

    1 Background ............................................................................................................................. 6

    1.1 Problem Statement ........................................................................................................... 7 1.2 Justification ...................................................................................................................... 8 1.3 Purpose of the Research ................................................................................................... 9

    1.4 Specific Objectives of the Research ............................................................................... 10

    2 Methodology ......................................................................................................................... 10

    2.1 Research Scope .............................................................................................................. 10

    2.2 Sample Size .................................................................................................................... 10 2.3 Sampling Techniques ..................................................................................................... 11 2.4 Data Collection Tools..................................................................................................... 11

    2.5 Conceptual Framework .................................................................................................. 12

    3 Literature Review.................................................................................................................. 12

    3.1 International Perspective ................................................................................................ 12 3.2 Development Partners Perspective ................................................................................. 14

    3.3 Uganda Government Perspective ................................................................................... 16

    3.3.1 Ministry of Finance Planning and Economic Development (MFPED) .................. 16

    3.3.2 Ministry of Water and Environment (MWE).......................................................... 16

    3.3.3 Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development ....................................................... 19

    3.4 Knowledge Institutions .................................................................................................. 21

    3.5 Civil Society ................................................................................................................... 23

    3.6 Private Sector ................................................................................................................. 23

    4 Research Results ................................................................................................................... 25

    4.1 Introduction .................................................................................................................... 25

    4.2 Government Institutions ................................................................................................. 25

    4.2.1 Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries (MAAIF) ........................ 25 4.2.2 Ministry of Water and Environment (MWE).......................................................... 30

    4.2.3 Ministry of Trade and Industry ............................................................................... 31

    4.3 Knowledge and Research Institutions ............................................................................ 33

    4.3.1 Makerere University ............................................................................................... 33 4.3.2 Innovation System and Cluster Program (ISCP) Uganda ..................................... 38

    4.3.3 Department of Physics, College of Natural Sciences ............................................. 40

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    4.4 Kyambogo University .................................................................................................... 43

    5 Civil Society Organizations .................................................................................................. 44

    5.1 Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa (ASARECA) ............................................................................................................................. 44 5.2 Local Underground Water Harvesting Tank By NAPE ................................................. 45 5.3 Rock to Valley Dam Water Harvesting by African Medical and Research Foundation (AMREF) .................................................................................................................................. 47

    5.4 Joint Energy and Environment Project (JEEP) .............................................................. 48

    a). Energy Saving Cooking Stoves ....................................................................................... 48

    b). Solar Products .................................................................................................................. 49

    6 Private Sector/Climate Change Entrepreneurs...................................................................... 51

    6.1 Drought Resistant Seeds Varieties by Victoria Seeds Ltd ............................................ 51

    6.2 Water Harvesting and Irrigation ..................................................................................... 53

    6.2.1 Kenz Engineering Services Ltd. ............................................................................. 53 6.2.2 DAVIS and SHIRTLIFF ......................................................................................... 54

    6.2.3 Crest Tank ............................................................................................................... 56

    6.3 Renewable Energy Businesses Enterprises .................................................................... 57

    6.3.1 Konserve Consult Ltd. ............................................................................................ 57

    6.3.2 Solar Energy for Africa (SEFA) ............................................................................. 60

    6.4 Energy Saving and Energy Efficient Technologies ....................................................... 60

    6.4.1 Prime Energy and Energy Conservation (PEES) .................................................... 60

    6.5 Private Sector Foundation .............................................................................................. 66

    6.6 Development Partners .................................................................................................... 68

    6.6.1 United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) ........................... 68 6.6.2 Uganda Cleaner Production Center ........................................................................ 69

    6.6.3 GIZ .......................................................................................................................... 72

    7 Financial Institutions ............................................................................................................. 74

    7.1 Centenary Bank Ltd. ...................................................................................................... 74

    7.2 Post Bank Ltd ................................................................................................................. 75

    8 Analysis and Discussion of Results ...................................................................................... 76

    9 Conclusion and Recommendations ....................................................................................... 84

    9.1 Conclusion ...................................................................................................................... 84

    9.2 Recommendations .......................................................................................................... 85

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    10 References ............................................................................................................................. 89

    Appendix ....................................................................................................................................... 92

    List of Respondents .................................................................................................................. 92

    Table 1: CDM Regulatory Framework ..................................................................................... 95

  • 5

    List of Acronyms

    LPG Liquefied Petroleum Gas

    MAIAH Ministry of Agriculture, Industry and Animal Husbandry

    MEMD Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development

    MEMR Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources

    MFPED Ministry of Finance Planning and Economic Development

    MSI Millennium Science Initiative

    MWE Ministry of Water and Environment

    NAADS National Agriculture Advisory Services

    NAARI Namulonge Agricultural and Animal Production Research Institute

    NACRR National Crops Resources Research Institute

    NaFIRRI The National Fisheries Resources Research Institute

    NAPA Nati

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