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  • 1. Civics Interactive Review

2. Political PrinciplesClick on each principle to learn moreConsent of the governed Limited GovernmentRepresentative GovernmeRule of Law DemocracyDont click the mouse until you have reviewed all 5principles 3. Limited Goverment The government isnot ALL powerful people give thepower.The government cantdo everything itwants. Checks &Balances 4. DemocracyTHE PEOPLE RULE!!!We have choices in our government. 5. Representative GovernmentPeople ELECT OFFICEHOLDERS tomake laws and conduct government on their behalf. 6. Consent of the Governed People are thesource of any and all government powerWe give Consentto be governed 7. Rule of LawThe government and those who govern arebound by theLAW. 8. Earlier DocumentsCLICK ON EACH DOCUMENT FOR MORE INFORMATION The Charters of the VA Company of London The VA Declaration of Rights The VA Statute of Religious Freedom The Declaration of Independence Articles of Confederation Dont click the mouseuntil you havereviewed all 6 Constitutiondocuments 9. Purpose of the Charters ofthe VA Company of London They authorized the VirginiaCompany to start a colony. They allowed for arepresentative government. They gave the colonists thesame rights as Englishmen. 10. The Declaration of Rights Served as a model for the Billof Rights Freedom of Religion Right to a fair trialFreedom of the press 11. What did the VirginiaStatute for ReligiousFreedom do?Hey Iwrotethis T.J.Separated church andstate Established religiousfreedom 12. The Declaration ofIndependenceAlso written by:Thomas Jefferson 13. Declaration ofIndependenceDeclared the colonies independence fromGreat BritainLLP Affirmed certain unalienable rights (life,liberty, and the pursuit of happiness)Established the idea that all people areequal under the lawStated grievances against the King of GreatBritain 14. Articles ofConfederation Established the FIRST FORM OF NATIONAL GOVERNMENT for the independent states Maintained that major powers resided with individual states Weak central government (no power to tax and enforce laws) 15. ConstitutionEstablishes the structureSets up 3 Branchesof the United StatesgovernmentGuarantees equalityDue Processunder the law with (5th & 14th)majority rule and therights of the minorityprotectedAffirms individual worthEveryone Counts!and dignity of all peopleProtects the fundamental 1st Amendmentfreedoms of religion,Freedoms (RAPPS)assembly, press, petition,speech 16. Preamble to theConstitutionWe the People, in order to:(power comes from the people) EnsureEstablishdomestic ProvideForm a union justice peace defense 17. Amendments Written changes to the USConstitution are prepared andapproved by the legislative branch. 2 Ratified by the states e 1att od 27Proposed by Congress or National convention 18. CitizenshipMeans of obtaining citizenship(2 ways to become a citizen)Birth NaturalizationThe 14th Amendment:All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject tothe jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and thestate wherein they reside. 19. Requirements for Naturalization Demonstrate knowledge of AmericanHISTORY Demonstrate knowledge of Americanprinciples (CIVICS) Demonstrate the ability to speak and writeENGLISH 20. ImmigrationDuring the 20th century, an increasinglydiverse society has been created inAmerica as a result of other cultures. 21. Fundamental Freedoms Click on each freedom to learn moreThe Constitution of the United States of America establishes andprotects the citizens fundamental rights and liberties. R A P P SDue process protections are guaranteed byDont click the mouseuntil you havethe national government (5th amendment) reviewed all 6 freedomsand state governments (14th amendment). 22. RELIGIONGovernment may not establish any official religion nor endorse or unduly interferewith the free exercise of religion. YOU CAN CHOOSE YOUR RELIGION! 23. ASSEMBLYIndividuals may peacefully gather.Protest/Strike as long as no one gets hurt. 24. PRESSThe press has the right to gather andpublish information, including that whichcriticizes the government.TV, Radio, Newspaper, Magazines, Internet, Etc. can say what they want as long as its true. 25. PETITIONIndividuals have the right to make theirviews known to public officials.For example The petition to get Blairs bill approved for hearing aids.DearSenator 26. SPEECHIndividuals are free to express theiropinions and beliefs.Say what you want as long as you dont violate others rights. 27. Ill arrestCivic Dutiesyou if you dont do thesethings!For government to be effective, citizens MUSTfulfill civic duties: Obey laws Pay taxes Serve in the armed forces if called Serve on a jury or as a witness in court Attend schoolIf you choose not do fulfill your civic duties COPSArrest you and youll face legal consequences. 28. Civic ResponsibilitiesA basic responsibility of citizenship is to contribute to the common good of society. These actions are VOLUNTARY! Register and vote Influence government by communicating with governmentofficial Keep informed regarding current issues Respect others right to their opinions and beliefs Hold elective office Participate in political campaigns 29. Community ServiceA democratic society requires the activeparticipation of its citizens. Citizensparticipate in community service in manyways. Volunteering (tutoring, nursing home, etc.) Expressing concern about community welfare (attend civic meetings, adopt-a-highway) Make the community a good place to work and live (neighborhood watches, etc.) 30. Personal Traits of GoodCitizens Trustworthiness and honesty Courtesy and respect for the rights ofothers Responsibility, accountability, and self-reliance Respect for the law Patriotism 31. 2004 By Default!Political Process Functions of Political PartiesRecruiting and(E)ducate theMonitoring actions nominating(Help) candidateelectorateof officeholderscandidateswin about the issues (Watch)(Pick) PHEW thats alot of work! A Free sample background from Slide 31 32. 2004 By Default!Campaign CostsRising campaign costs: Require candidates to conduct extensive fund-raising activities Limits opportunities for people to run Gives an advantage to wealthy individuals Encourage the development of PACs Increase the influence of special interest groupsA Free sample background from Slide 32 33. 2004 By Default! Campaign Contributions Campaign finance reform laws written tocurb the rising campaign costs Individuals can only give up to $1000 toa political candidate. Special Interest Groups can only give upto $5000 to a political candidate.A Free sample background from Slide 33 34. 2004 By Default! Voter RegistrationRequirements to Register to Vote in Virginia:1. Citizen of the United States2. Resident of Virginia3. 18 years of age by day of general electionHow to Register to Vote:1. In person at Registrars Office2. DMV3. By mail application*Registration is closed 29 days before electionsA Free sample background from Slide 34 35. 2004 By Default! Voter ParticipationSeveral factors can predict who will be most likely to vote onelection day: Education Age IncomeThe more of these you have, the more likely you are to vote.Voter apathy and failing to register are the mainreasons people dont vote.People are more likely to vote in presidentialelections than any other election.A Free sample background from Slide 35 36. 2004 By Default!Electoral College Representation in the electoral college is based on each states population. The bigger the better. Electors are chosen by the popular vote and then they choose the president. Whoever wins the state gets all of that states electoral votes. Winner-take-all system leads to the targeting of large states for campaigning because they have the most electoral votes.A Free sample background from Slide 36 37. Separation of Powers Branch of Local VirginiaNational GovernmentGovernment Government GovernmentLegislativeMakes ordinances for community; Makes laws for Virginia; approves Makes laws for nation; approves approves annual budget; limitsbiennial (two-year) budget; annual budget; confirms power to that delegated by theexercises power under the 10thpresidential appointments; state amendment raise revenue; regulate interstate trade; declare warExecutiveElected or appointed by the Board ofExecutes laws of Virginia; prepares Executes law of the land; prepares Supervisors or City Council; citybiennial budget for General annual budget for or county managers hired by localAssembly; appoints cabinetcongressional action; appoints legislatures officers and boards;cabinet officers, ambassadors,administers state bureaucracy;and federal judges; administersgrants pardonsfederal bureaucracy JudicialLocal courtsHear cases under the Supreme CourtHas power ofSupreme CourtHas power of authority provided by state judicial review over state lawsjudicial review legislation Circuit courtsTry civil andFederal courtsTry cases involving criminal cases federal law and U.S.Constitutional questions 38. Checks and Balances A system of checks and balances gives each of the threebranches of government ways to limit the powers of the otherbranches so that no one branch is too powerful. 39. Lawmaking Process The Virginia General Assembly and the UnitedStates Congress are bicameral legislatures. The lawmaking process in national and statelegislatures Working in committees (most work done here) Debating on the floor Voting on a bill by both houses Signing the bill into law by the President or governor 40. Executive and Lawmaking Ways the executive branch influencespolicymaking Proposing legislation in an annual speech to thelegislature (State of the Commonwealth or Stateof the U