ciudad de mexico11, chapultepec y siqueiros

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  • http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/sandamichaela-1632055-ciudad-de-mexico11/

  • Mexicos National History Museum is housed within the Chapultepec Castle, the construction of which began in 1785. The castle itself is a national historical treasure with its stained glass windows and murals. Several of the 20 halls of the National Museum of History (MNH), distributed over 2 stories, lodge the mural paintings related to diverse national history themes captured by artists Jorge Gonzalez Camarena, David Alfaro Siqueiros y Juan O GormanMexican Muralism emerged after the Revolution to document and to narrate Mexican people history, by depicting quotidian scenes, historical events, politic and social struggles, religious and cultural matters, as well as to portrait heroes and anonymous characters.

  • David Alfaro Siqueiros (born Jos de Jess Alfaro Siqueiros was a Mexican social realist painter, known for his large murals in fresco. He, Diego Rivera, and Jos Clemente Orozco established Mexican Muralism. He was also a Stalinist and member of the Mexican Communist Party who participated in an unsuccessful attempt to assassinate Leon Trotsky in May 1940.

    In 1957 he began work on 4,500-square-foot (420m2) government commission for Chapultepec Castle in Mexico City; Del porfirismo a la Revolucin was his biggest mural yet. (The painting is known in English as From the Dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz to the Revolution or The Revolution Against the Porfirian Dictatorship)David Alfaro Siqueiros (1896 1974) Self portrait

  • Siqueiros painted De Porfirismo a la Revolucion in a dedicated gallery of the museum between 1957 and 1966. De Porfirismo a la Revolucion (4.46x76.89m) Detail

  • The gallery was too small for his vision, so Siqueiros literally created more walls by designing a curving structure to paint on. As a result, the mural stretches and snakes its way through the space, pulling the viewer into the scene.David Alfaro Siqueiros (1896 1974) Details (4.46 m x 76.89m)

  • The title is usually conveyed in English as From the Dictatorship of Porfirio Daz to the Revolution. Jos de la Cruz Porfirio Daz ruled Mexico for nearly 35 years years that were characterized by national stability and economic growth but also by inequality and repression.

  • David Alfaro Siqueiros (1896 1974) De Porfirismo a la Revolucion (4.46x76.89m) Detail

  • Porfirio Daz sits in comfort watching women dance. He is surrounded by los cientficos, his technocrat advisors, and his foot rests on the Mexican Constitution.

    David Alfaro Siqueiros (1896 1974) De Porfirismo a la Revolucion (4.46x76.89m) Detail

  • David Alfaro Siqueiros (1896 1974) De Porfirismo a la Revolucion (4.46x76.89m) Detail

  • David Alfaro Siqueiros(1896 1974) De Porfirismo a la Revolucion (4.46x76.89m) Detail

  • On the far left of the mural, the bodies of those killed fighting the injustice of the dictatorship stretch into the horizon.

  • On the far left of the mural, the bodies of those killed fighting the injustice of the dictatorship stretch into the horizon.

  • The revolution against the Porfirian dictatorship; Miners' Strike in Cananea, 1906 (detail)

  • The people square off with the elite, struggling for control of the Mexican flag

  • The revolution against the Porfirian dictatorship; Miners' Strike in Cananea, 1906 (detail)

    Some of the workers carry the body of a comrade who has been killed and march toward the ruling class. Anarquistas: Ricardo Flores Magon marching alongside Mikhail Bakunin and Pierre-Joseph Proudhon)

  • David Alfaro Siqueiros (1896 1974) De Porfirismo a la Revolucion Detail

    As the mural curves toward the back wall, the people rise up against the ruling elite. They wear typical zapatista clothing, showing that they are followers of the revolutionary Emiliano Zapata.

  • David Alfaro Siqueiros (1896 1974) De Porfirismo a la Revolucion Detail

  • Soldier of the Revolution (Detail Study for "Del porfirismo a la Revolucin" mural in Castillo de Chapultepec)"Del porfirismo a la Revolucin" mural in Castillo de Chapultepec (detail)

  • Siqueiros concludes the scene somewhat abruptly in the upper right corner of the final panel, he shows Porfirio Daz brandishing a dagger and thus revealing his true nature.David Alfaro Siqueiros (1896 1974) De Porfirismo a la Revolucion (4.46x76.89m) Details

  • Paseo de la Reforma is a wide avenue that runs in a straight line, cutting diagonally across Mexico City. It was designed by Ferdinand von Rosenzweig in the 1860s and modeled after the great boulevards of Europe, such as Vienna's Ringstrasse or the Champs-lyses in Paris. It was Emperor Maximilian's wish to directly link his Imperial residence, Chapultepec Castle, with the National Palace in the city center.

  • Text and pictures: InternetCopyright: All the images belong to their authorsPresentation: Sanda Foioreanuwww.slideshare.net/michaelasanda

    Sound: Lucha Villa - Qu bonita es mi tierra La isla bonita

    *La Constitucin de 1917 Autor: Jorge Gonzlez Camarena Fecha de realizacin: 1967 Ubicacin: Sala de videos. Siglo XX. Muestra al presidente Venustiano Carranza y a los Constituyentes como smbolos de la Revolucin triunfante y su documento fundamental, la Constitucin que hasta la fecha rige al pas. **Del porfirismo a la Revolucin Autor: David Alfaro Siqueiros Fecha de realizacin: 1957 a 1966 Ubicacin: Sala Siqueiros La obra abarca el periodo de 1906 a 1914. En la primera parte se observa al general Porfirio Daz rodeado de su gabinete, el poder militar representado por Victoriano Huerta y Jos Yves Limantour, secretario de Hacienda y dirigente del grupo llamado los Cientficos. Simboliza la instauracin de un poder cuya eficacia se bas en el apoyo a los intereses econmicos ms fuertes, aun a costa de la violacin de la Constitucin de 1857. El resto del enorme mural exalta a los protagonistas de la Revolucin Mexicana, tanto a los idelogos como a los caudillos y jefes militares, fundadores del siglo XX mexicano. ******