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    City of Cape Town 2011 Census Cape Town December 2012

    Trends and Change - 10 years: Census 2001 Census 2011 Compiled by Strategic Development Information and GIS Department, City of Cape Town 1996, 2001 and 2011 Census data supplied by Statistics South Africa (Based on Census 2011 information available at the time of compilation, as released by Statistics South Africa) Population and Households, Demographic Profile, Economic Profile, Household Services Profile

    Population Cape Town and Western Cape: Three Census years 1996, 2001, 2011 (5, 10 and 15 year trend)

    Population 1996 Census 2001 Census 2011 Census

    Western Cape 3 956 876 4 524 334 5 822 734

    Cape Town 2 563 095 2 893 249 3 740 026

    0

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    1996 2001 2011

    Mill

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    Western Cape Cape Town

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    Cape Town Population and Households 2001 Census and 2011 Census

    Cape Town 2001 2011 Change 2001 to 2011

    Number %

    Population 2 892 243 3 740 025 847 782 29.3%

    Households 777 389 1 068 572 291 183 37.5%

    Average Household Size 3.72 3.50

    In 2011 the population of Cape Town was 3 740 025, an increase of 29.3% since 2001, and the number of households was 1 068 572, an increase of 37.5% since 2001. The average household size has declined from 3.72 to 3.50 in the 10 years. A household is defined as a group of persons who live together, and provide themselves jointly with food or other essentials for living, or a single person who lives alone (Statistics South Africa) The population and household numbers in the table above are to be used and quoted as the official numbers for Cape Town for 2011.

    Cape Town Population Group 2001 Census and 2011 Census: change

    Cape Town Population

    Group

    2001 1996-2001

    5 years %

    change

    2011 2001 -2011 10 years

    % change

    1996-2011 15 years

    % change Number % Number %

    Black African 916 584 31.7% 42.3% 1 444 939 38.6% 57.6% 124.3%

    Coloured 1 392 594 48.1% 12.3% 1 585 286 42.4% 13.8% 27.9%

    Asian 41 516 1.4% 9.6% 51 786 1.4% 24.7% 36.7%

    White 542 555 18.8% -0.2% 585 831 15.7% 8.0% 7.8%

    Other 0* 0.0% 72 184 1.9% -26.1%

    Total 2 893 249 100.0% 12.9% 3 740 026 100.0% 29.3% 45.9%

    In the period 2001 2011 (10 years):

    The population of Cape Town has increased by 29%

    The composition of the population has changed. For example, the Black African population increased by 58%, the Coloured population by 14% and the Asian population by 25 % (from a low base). The White population group increased by 8%.

    In period 1996 2011 (15 years):

    The population of Cape Town has increased by 46%

    The composition of the population has changed. For example, the Black African population increased by 124%, with the Coloured population increasing by 28%. The Asian population increased by 37% (from a low base.) The White population group increased by 7.8%, a slight decrease from the 10 year trend.

    Notes:

    1. There are small variations in the total population and the number of households in the profile tables which follow. These occur as Statistics South Africa had to calculate the true population to correct omissions and double counts in the enumeration process. These variations are not significant.

    2. The category other was included in some questions in the 2011 Census. The 2001 Census did not have an other category for some questions hence information for other is only indicated for some variables in 2001.

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    Cape Town Households and Population 2001 Census and 2011 Census: change

    Three Census years 1996, 2001, 2011 (5, 10 and 15 year trend)

    Cape Town Population

    Group

    Households Population

    1996 to 2001 % change

    5 years

    2001 to 2011 % change 10 years

    1996 to 2011 % change 15 years

    1996 to 2001 % change

    5 years

    2001 to 2011 % change 10 years

    1996 to 2011 % change 15 years

    Black African 49.5% 77.1% 164.8% 42.3% 57.6% 124.3%

    Coloured 19.4% 15.5% 37.9% 12.3% 13.8% 27.9%

    Asian 15.1% 41.7% 63.2% 9.6% 24.7% 36.7%

    White 5.5% 13.2% 19.4% -0.2% 8.0% 7.8%

    Total 19.0% 37.5% 63.6% 12.9% 29.3% 45.9%

    The population and number of households in Cape Town have changed at different rates, with the overall trend being that the number of households has increased at a higher rate than the population has increased as outlined above and below.

    In the period 2001 2011 (10 years):

    The number of households in Cape Town increased 38% (the population increased 29%) The number of Black African households increased 77% (the population increased 58%) The number of Coloured households increased 16% (the population increased 14%)

    In the period 1996 2011 (15 years):

    The number of households in Cape Town increased 64% (the population increased 46%) The number of Black African households increased 165% (the population increased 124%) The number of Coloured households increased 38% (the Population increased 28%)

    Note: 5 years = % change Census 1996 to 2001 10 years = % change Census 2001 to 2011 15 years = % change Census 1996 to 2011

    -10%

    0%

    10%

    20%

    30%

    40%

    50%

    60%

    70%

    80%

    90%

    100%

    110%

    120%

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    140%

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    170%

    5years

    10years

    15years

    5years

    10years

    15years

    5years

    10years

    15years

    5years

    10years

    15years

    5years

    10years

    15years

    Black African Coloured Asian White Total

    Households Population

    Cape Town Households and Population Growth by Population Group

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    Cape Town Households Size 2001 Census and 2011 Census: change

    Three Census years 1996, 2001, 2011 (5, 10 and 15 year trend)

    Cape Town Average Household Size (Number of people per

    household)

    Black African Coloured Asian White Total

    Cape Town

    Census 1996 3.83 4.77 4.33 2.79 3.92

    Census 2001 3.65 4.49 4.12 2.64 3.72

    Census 2011 3.25 4.42 3.63 2.52 3.50

    The average household size in Cape Town has changed over the past 15 years, with the overall trend being that the average household size has decreased from 3.92 persons per household in 1996 to 3.50 persons per household in 2011.

    In the period 2001 2011 (10 years):

    The average household size in Cape Town decreased from 3.72 persons to 3.50 persons per household.

    In 2011 the Coloured population group had the highest average household size of 4.42 slightly down from the average 4.49 in 2001.

    In 2011, the Black African population group has the second lowest average household size of 3.25, a reduction from the 3.65 average figure in 2001.

    In 2011, 43.8 % of all Cape Town households are one or two person households, up from 36.8% in 2001

    In 2011, 33% of all Cape Town households are three or four person households, decreased from 35% in 2001.

    Go to top of document

    1 person 2 people 3 people 4 people 5 people 6 people 7 people 8 people 9 peopleOver 9people

    2001 16.7% 20.1% 16.6% 18.1% 12.1% 7.1% 4.0% 2.2% 1.3% 1.7%

    2011 22.0% 21.8% 16.6% 16.5% 10.4% 5.9% 2.9% 1.6% 0.9% 1.2%

    0%

    5%

    10%

    15%

    20%

    25%

    Number of People per Household

    2001 2011

    Cape Town Household Size Census 2001 and Census 2011

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    Demographic Profile 2001 Census and 2011 Census: change Cape Town Gender Distribution 2001 Census and 2011 Census

    Cape Town Population Group and

    Gender

    2001 Male 2001 Female 2001 Total 2011 Male 2011 Female 2011 Total

    Num % Num % Num % Num % Num % Num %

    Black African 447 814 15.5 468 911 16.2 916 725 31.69 722 755 19.3 722 184 19.3 1 444 939 38.6

    Coloured 662 234 22.9 730 201 25.2 1 392 435 48.13 759 559 20.3 825 727 22.1 1 585 286 42.4

    Asian 20 507 0.7 20 968 0.7 41 474 1.43 26 155 0.7 25 631 0.7 51 786 1.4

    White 258 731 8.9 283 881 9.8 542 612 18.8 280 133 7.5 305 698 8.2 585 831 15.7

    Other* 0 0 0 42 097 1.1 30 087 0.8 72 184 1.9

    Total 1 389 285 48.0 1 503 961 52.0 2 893 246 100.00 1 830 699 48.9 1 909 327 51.1 3 740 026 100.0

    * Other category not included in 2001 Census

    In the period 2001 2011 (10 years):

    The population gender distribution of males and females has largely remained the same, with there being more females than males in Cape Town.

    In 2011, the percentage of females of the total population declined slightly from 52% in 2001 to 51% in 2010. The number of males increased slightly as a percentage of the total from 48% in 2001 to close to 49% in 2011.

    In 2011, in a similar pattern to the population growth in Cape Town, the percentage of Black African males and females increased as a percentage of the total population: Black African males from 15.5% in 2001 to 19.3% in 2010; Black African females from 16.2% in 2001 to 19.3% in 2011.

    Coloured females, who made up the highest percentage of the total population of Cape Town in 2001 at 25.2%, remained the highest percentage of the population of Cape Town in 2011, however at the lower percentage of 22%.

    Cape Town Age Distribution 2001 Census and 2011 Census

    Census 2001 Cape Town Age and Population

    Group 2001

    Black African Coloured Asian White Total

    Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %

    0 to 4 years 92 111 10.1% 128 573 9.2% 3 294 7.9% 28 849 5.3% 252 827 8.7%

    5 to 14 years