citizenship and the constitution (1787–present)
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DESCRIPTIONCITIZENSHIP AND THE CONSTITUTION (1787–Present). Chapter 9. Section 1: Understanding the Constitution. Balance of Power. The constitution tried to balance the state and federal government by giving each the following powers:. Delegated powers – federal government - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Citizenship and the Constitution
1CITIZENSHIPAND THE CONSTITUTION(1787Present)Chapter 9
CALL TO FREEDOM--Beginnings to 18772/29/2012Chapter 91The constitution tried to balance the state and federal government by giving each the following powers:
2Balance of PowerSection 1: Understanding the ConstitutionDelegated powers federal governmentReserved powers state governmentConcurrent powers shared by state and federal governmentRepresentative Democracy- govt. led by elected officialsElastic Clause -allows congress to make laws that are necessary and proper
SECTION 1Understanding the ConstitutionDelegated Powers ConcurrentPowersReserved Powerscoining moneyproviding for the nations defensedeclaring warconducting diplomacyregulating interstate & international tradetaxingborrowing moneyenforcing lawsproviding for citizens welfareconductingelectionsestablishing local governmentsregulating educationregulating trade within each stateMontesquieu felt that the government should be divided into three branches: The legislative, executive, and judicialHe based his beliefs on the English system of GovernmentSeparation of Powers
Separation of Powers
Checks and BalancesEach branch of government should be able to check the other twoThis would keep them in line, and prevent any one branch from becoming too powerful
Role of MonarchsMontesquieu was opposed to absolute monarchyHe felt that the monarch should be the head of the executive branchOne executive leader would be more effective than many
LibertyMontesquieu believed that there is no liberty if the powers arent separatedAlso believed that women were NOT worthy of the same liberties as men
Effects on the modern worldInspired American form of governmentFor example, the separation of powers with a system of checks and balances was adopted
103 Branches of GovernmentCongress, the President, and the Federal Courts
Makes the lawEach of the two houses of Congress was granted different powers. Each was also designed with different methods of election and different term lengths, making the House more receptive to public opinion and the Senate more stable.
House of Representatives 25 years old, U.S. citizen for 7 years, resident of state in which he or she is electedSenate 30 years old, U.S. citizen for 9 years, resident of the state he or she representsCarries out the lawThe President would be chosen by a group of electors from each state. The candidate with the majority of votes in the electoral college, would become President. The President was granted the power to veto Congress and to appoint judges.
POTUS & VPOTUSExecutive Branch
Executive Branch 35 years old, native born citizen, U.S. resident for 14 yearsInterpret the lawThe Constitution calls for one Supreme Court and several lesser courts, although the details of the federal court system were intentionally left vague.
13The Federal Courts-Judicial
appointed by president for life, no special requirements
Legislative BranchHouse of Representatives 25 years old, U.S. citizen for 7 years, resident of state in which he or she is electedSenate 30 years old, U.S. citizen for 9 years, resident of the state he or she representsExecutive Branch 35 years old, native born citizen, U.S. resident for 14 yearsJudicial Branch appointed by president for life, no special requirements14Requirements for MembershipSection 1: Understanding the ConstitutionSection 2The Bill of RightsThe First Amendment guarantees freedom of religion, press, speech, assembly and the right to petition.These rights are important because they form the most basic rights of all citizens.16Main Freedoms Outlined in the First Amendment and Their ImportanceSection 2: The Bill of Rights
SECTION 2The Bill of RightsFirstAmendmentFreedom of ReligionThe country cannot have an official religion.Freedom of SpeechPeople cannot yell Fire! in a crowded theater.Freedom to PetitionAny American can present a petition to a government official.Freedom of the PressPeople cannot libel or slander others.Freedom of AssemblyPeople can hold meetings.Second state militiaThird no quartering of soldiers in peacetimeFourth no unreasonable searches and seizures/search warrants18The Second, Third, and Fourth Amendments address colonial grievances.Section 2: The Bill of Rights5th Amendment due process of law, indictment, no person forced to testify at his own trial, no double jeopardy6th Amendment quick trial by jury, nature and cause accusation, confronted with the witness against him, obtaining witnesses in his favor, right to an attorney19The Rights of the Accused 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th AmendmentsSection 2: The Bill of Rights7th Amendment jury can decide civil cases8th Amendment no excessive bail, fines, or cruel and unusual punishment20The Rights of the Accused 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th AmendmentsSection 2: The Bill of Rights(continued)birthnaturalization21Becoming a U.S. CitizenSection 3: Rights andResponsibilities of Citizenship
fulfill civic responsibilitiesobey and know the lawsrespect authority and the rights of otherspay taxesprotect the nation in time of dangerserve on juries22Duties of CitizensSection 3: Rights andResponsibilities of Citizenship
Citizens should be involved in their community and government to strengthen their nation help their neighborsVOTE23Citizen InvolvementSection 3: Rights andResponsibilities of Citizenship
SECTION 3Rights and Responsibilities of CitizenshipOrganizationActivities and ResultsCitizens on Patrol and Neighborhood Watchpatrol their neighborhood; report criminal activity to the police; help prevent crime; keep crime rates down in the neighborhoodAmerican Red CrossHabitat for HumanityBoy Scouts and Girl Scoutsdoes jobs along with the government; helps citizens in times of natural disasters or emergenciesbuilds houses for low-income familiesplan many projects for the community, such as planting trees
Chapter Wrap-UpCHAPTER 91.How does the Constitution prevent any one branch of government from becoming too powerful? Be sure to consider all three branches of government.2.Why is voting an important responsibility in a representative democracy?3.In what ways does the U.S. government protect the rights of all Americans?