Citizen Participation in a Democracy How can you make a difference in a democracy?

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  • Citizen Participation in a DemocracyHow can you make a difference in a democracy?

  • Lunch Counter TransparencyWhat interesting details do you see?What actions do these people appear to be taking?What problem or problems do you think these people are trying to address?What do you think the results of their actions were?

  • What you should know:What does it take to become a U.S. citizen?Define political cultureHow can ordinary people make a difference in a democratic society?What is civic duty? Social Capital?What are the four categories of civic engagement?

  • Citizen Participation then and nowAlexis de Tocqueville 1831Robert D. Putnam 1990s

    What a difference 150 years makes.

  • CitizenshipWhat is citizenship?The definition was not always clear-cutConstitution did not define citizenship in regards to how it would be determined. Assumptions assumed state citizens and U.S. born were national citizens. Dred Scott case proved this to be untrue.

  • Civil RightsWhat do you remember from U.S. History and the Civil Rights movement?14th AmmendmentPlessy v. FergusonBrown v. Board of EducationCivil Rights Act of 1964

  • Becoming a CitizenThere are two ways to become a U.S. citizenFirst-born in the U.S.Second is through naturalization

  • Naturalization ProcessMust be 18 years oldLawful and permanent resident of the U.S.Completed application for naturalizationInterview with immigration officialCivics testCitizenship ceremony where oath of allegiance is taken

  • Political Culture in the U.S.Political Culture: a societys framework of shared values, beliefs and attitudes concerning their politics and governmentPolitical Culture can be expressed in a variety of waysAmericans share political values such as: liberty, equality, democracy, individualism, free enterprise, justice, patriotism, optimism, and civic duty

  • Civic DutyWhat is civic duty?Belief that for democracy to flourish, citizens should vote and participate in civic and political affairs.Most people think of voting, but it is much beyond that. Civic duty helps us to ensure a civil society, the social capital of democracy

  • Social CapitalSocial Capital is connections among individuals that are forged through their participation in voluntary associationsCan you think of an example of social capital that you take part in?Building our social capital is a great way to do greatness in the world

  • Four Categories of Civic Engagement1. Electoral Specialists-people who mainly engage in the political process. People in this group vote, volunteer in political campaigns and try to persuade others to vote as well2. Civic Specialists-Focus on improving communities and helping others. They join local civic groups, support nonprofit organizations and take part in fundraising for worthy causes

  • Four Categories cont.3. Dual Activists-People who engage in both electoral and civic activities. They will pass out campaign leaflets one day and volunteer in a soup kitchen the next4. Disengaged-People not significantly involved in political life. They dont vote or pay attention to civic affairs

  • Where do you fall?You will be partaking in a civic participation project over the rest of the semester.

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