cisi redruth report

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  • Cornwall Industrial Settlements Initiative REDRUTH and PLAIN-AN-GWARRY

    (Camborne/Redruth Area)

    March 2002

  • 3

    CORNWALL INDUSTRIAL SETTLEMENTS INITIATIVE Conservation Area Partnership

    Name: REDRUTH Study Area: Camborne/Redruth

    Council: Kerrier District Council NGR: SW 7042

    Location: In mid-west Cornwall, off the A30 three miles to the east of Camborne and three miles south of the north coast.

    Existing CA? Yes Carn Brea, Redruth Centre and Plain-an-Gwarry; extensions proposed in Kerrier District Local Plan Deposit Draft

    Main period of industrial settlement growth:

    Medieval; 18th century 1910

    Main industry:

    Market, mining and engineering

    Industrial history and significance Mining was the biggest single industrial activity in the area, but its dominance in Redruth

    was more apparent than real

    There is an exceptionally wide range of industrial buildings surviving in Redruth. What survives in Redruth is an outstanding resource for understanding the buildings and mechanics of the industrial processes of the time

    Nowhere is this more apparent than in the remarkable remains at Saras Foundry, where the scale and range of activities must have been typical of most local businesses.

    Redruth was the capital of the greatest of all Cornwalls mining areas, important for its

  • marketing, financial, managerial and institutional roles

    The greatest market town in west Cornwall, the length and complexity of its history is matched by the range, quality and complexity of its surviving historic fabric.

    This settlement will either form part of the proposed Cornish Mining World Heritage Site Bid, or will be considered an important part of the context for the Bid.

    Recommendations Historic areas

    Proposed alterations to the existing conservation area boundaries

    Prepare a full CA Appraisal Historic buildings

    Review Statutory List

    Prepare list of locally significant buildings Policy and management

    Article 4 Directions to control PD on single dwelling houses and alteration and partial demolition of small buildings and walls in CA

    Full survey of archaeological potential

    Future development sites to respect the historic grain and development pattern in and around the town, with higher quality landscaping

    Recognition of the importance to local character of back-land areas and rear lanes

    Proposals affecting the areas of derelict land to be based on a thorough understanding of the unique historical and archaeological importance of the sites and their value to the setting of Redruth and Plain-an-Gwarry

    Management schemes, development briefs and conservation plans for some of the most

  • sensitive historic buildings and areas. Review existing town-centre use allocations

    Integrated management scheme for the future use and development of the various large (and now empty) properties and open areas in the west of Redruth (the Hospital/ Tolvean/ Trewirgie/ Fairfield/ Trengweath)

    Review of the current pedestrianisation scheme in Fore Street in terms of its design, materials and use and promotion of a street market

    Site-specific design guidance based on detailed audit of materials, designs, details and character

    Future road improvements and/or provision of street lighting and furniture to respect the historical building line and reflect differences in the local townscape

    Investigate street tree-planting schemes

    Traffic calming measures and landscaping schemes to emphasise the historic cores of the settlement.

    Full survey of trees and ornamental landscapes and management polices where appropriate.

    Tree Preservation Orders outside present or proposed CAs.

    Further integration of existing town trails and guides and other promotional initiatives and partnerships; promotion as a single package.

    Further study of adjoining areas outside the existing CISI programme.

  • Cornwall Industrial Settlements Initiative REDRUTH and PLAIN-AN-GWARRY

    (Camborne/Redruth Area)

  • The Cahill Partnership and

    Cornwall Archaeological Unit

    March 2002

  • Acknowledgements This report presents the results of an assessment carried out by The Cahill Partnership following desktop research by Cornwall Archaeological Unit (Bryn Perry Tapper). Assistance was also provided by Andrew Richards, Kerrier District Council. The report text was prepared by The Cahill Partnership and edited by Jeanette Ratcliffe (CAU Senior Archaeologist and CISI Project Manager). The report maps were produced by John Brinkhoff (CCC Planning Directorate Technical Services Section) from roughs prepared by The Cahill Partnership.

    Front cover illustration Redruth from the east (CAU ABP/56/107)

  • Cornwall County Council 2002 Cornwall Archaeological Unit, (Historic Environment Section), Planning, Transportation and Estates, Cornwall County Council, Kennall Building, Old County Hall, Station Road, Truro, Cornwall TR1 3AY. All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means without the prior permission of the publisher.

  • Contents Page

    1 Introduction ............................................................................................................... 16 1.1 Background ..................................................................................................................................16 1.2 Project aims..................................................................................................................................16 1.3 Project methodology...................................................................................................................16 1.4 Date of Assessment ....................................................................................................................17

    2 Location and setting .................................................................................................. 18 2.1 Geographical location.................................................................................................................18 2.2 Landscape setting ........................................................................................................................18

    3 Summary historical development (Fig 2) ................................................................... 18 3.1 Pre-1809........................................................................................................................................18 3.2 1809-41 .........................................................................................................................................20 3.3 1841-1880 .....................................................................................................................................20 3.4 1880-1908 .....................................................................................................................................21 3.5 1908-1946 .....................................................................................................................................22 3.6 Post 1946 ......................................................................................................................................23

    4 Character (Figs 3 & 4) ................................................................................................. 23 4.1 Areas of distinct character within Redruth..............................................................................23

    4.1.1 General remarks .................................................................................................................23 4.1.2 Plain-an-Gwarry .................................................................................................................24 4.1.3 Green Lane/ New Cut/Chapel Street ............................................................................25 4.1.4 Rose Row.............................................................................................................................26 4.1.5 Upper Fore Street/Wesley Street/ East End /St Day Road .......................................27 4.1.6 Fore Street/West End/Station Road ..............................................................................28 4.1.7 Station Road/Bond Street/Treruffe................................................................................29 4.1.8 Clinton Road/Albany Road..............................................................................................30 4.1.9 Falmouth Road ...................................................................................................................31 4.1.10 Penventon/ Trewirgie/ Church Town ...........................................................................31

    4.2 Buildings .......................................................................................................................................32 4.2.1 General introduction..........................................................................................................32

  • 4.2.2 Ecclesiastical........................................................................................................................33 4.2.3 Church halls and schools ..................................................................................................34 4.2.4 Other Public Buildings ......................................................................................................34 4.2.5 Recreational............................................................................................................