cinematography: lighting

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The objectives of competent narrative lighting.

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Page 1: Cinematography: Lighting

cine4110

LightingLighting

Page 2: Cinematography: Lighting

Objectives (this & next class)

1. get to know the lighting instruments, grip & light modifying tools

2. solo & group work towards creating cinematic lighting designs

3. Sekonic L-758Cine light meter: its use to determine lighting ratios & exposure

Page 3: Cinematography: Lighting

“How do you light two peoplein front of a window?”

Page 4: Cinematography: Lighting

The questions to ask & answerto devise a lighting plan.

Page 5: Cinematography: Lighting
Page 6: Cinematography: Lighting

Dynamic RangeThe range of values

between the darkest and brightest perceptible points in an image.

Page 7: Cinematography: Lighting
Page 8: Cinematography: Lighting
Page 9: Cinematography: Lighting

Color SpaceThe range of colors

a system is able to reproduce.

Page 10: Cinematography: Lighting
Page 11: Cinematography: Lighting

Objectives of competent lighting:

1. full range and gradation of tones

2. color control

3. shape and dimension in subject

4. separation

5. depth and dimension in frame

6. texture

7. (mood and tone) narrative/emotional content & genre

8. exposure

Page 12: Cinematography: Lighting

interaction

line of action (a.k.a. continuity line, axis, 180-degree rule)

circle of action (internal and external coverage)

reaction

actioncharactersin relationshipto each other

charactersin relationship

to their environment

shot/reverse-shot pairs the "look"

entrances/exits

context/ambience

insert/detail

transitions

Page 13: Cinematography: Lighting

Objectives of competent lighting:

1. full range and gradation of tones

2. color control

3. shape and dimension in subject

4. separation

5. depth and dimension in frame

6. texture

7. (mood and tone) narrative/emotional content & genre

8. exposure

Page 14: Cinematography: Lighting

range and gradation of tones

objectives of competent lighting: 1

Page 15: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 1

Page 16: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 1

range and gradation of tones

Page 17: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 1

range and gradation of tones

learn to see in shades of graylearn to see in shades of gray

Page 18: Cinematography: Lighting
Page 19: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 1

range and gradation of tones

Page 20: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 1

range and gradation of tones

Page 21: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 1

range and gradation of tones

Page 22: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting:

color control

2

Page 23: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 2

color control

Page 24: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 2

color control

Page 25: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 2

color control

Page 26: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 2

color control

Page 27: Cinematography: Lighting
Page 28: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 2

color control

Page 29: Cinematography: Lighting

shape and dimension in subject

objectives of competent lighting: 3

Page 30: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 3

subject shape & dimension

Page 31: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 3

subject shape & dimension

Page 32: Cinematography: Lighting
Page 33: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 3

subject shape & dimension

Page 34: Cinematography: Lighting
Page 35: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 3

subject shape & dimension

Page 36: Cinematography: Lighting

separation

objectives of competent lighting: 4

Page 37: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 4

separation

Page 38: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 4

separation

Page 39: Cinematography: Lighting
Page 40: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 4

separation

Page 41: Cinematography: Lighting
Page 42: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 4

separation

Page 43: Cinematography: Lighting

depth and dimension in frame

objectives of competent lighting: 5

Page 44: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 5

depth & dimension in frame

Page 45: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 5

depth & dimension in frame

Page 46: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 5

depth & dimension in frame

Page 47: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 5

depth & dimension in frame

Page 48: Cinematography: Lighting
Page 49: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 5

depth & dimension in frame

Spring Breakers

Bad Lieutenant

Page 50: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 5

depth & dimension in frame

Page 51: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 5

depth & dimension in frame

Page 52: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 5

depth & dimension in frame

Page 53: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 5

depth & dimension in frame

Page 54: Cinematography: Lighting

texture

objectives of competent lighting: 6

Page 55: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 6

texture

Page 56: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 6

texture

Page 57: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 6

texture

Page 58: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 6

texture

Page 59: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 6

texture

Page 60: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 6

texture

Page 61: Cinematography: Lighting

narrative/emotional content& genre

objectives of competent lighting: 7

Page 62: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 7

narrative/emotional content & genre

Page 63: Cinematography: Lighting

exposure

objectives of competent lighting: 8

Page 64: Cinematography: Lighting

objectives of competent lighting: 8

exposure

next week...next week...next week...next week...

Page 65: Cinematography: Lighting

Lighting Plan

1. Read the script

2. Look at your budget

3. Then, scene by scene, answer 7 questions...

Page 66: Cinematography: Lighting

Lighting Plan — 7 Questions1. SOURCE: What is/are the motivating light source(s)?

2. POSITION: Where is the light coming from? Angle? One direction or multiple?

3. INTENSITY: Bright or dim?

4. COLOR: Warm, cold or mixed? Muted or colorful?

5. EFFECT: Moonlight, candle, neon, firelight, natural, artificial, etc?

6. QUALITY: Specular &/or diffuse? High key/Low Key? Flat or directional?

7. STYLE: Genre fit? “Photographic” or “Naturalistic”?

Page 67: Cinematography: Lighting

Lighting Plan — 7 Questions

SOURCE: What is/are the motivating light source(s)?

Page 68: Cinematography: Lighting

Lighting Plan — 7 Questions

POSITION: Where is the light coming from? Angle? One direction or multiple?

Page 69: Cinematography: Lighting

Lighting Plan — 7 Questions

INTENSITY: Bright or dim?

Page 70: Cinematography: Lighting

Lighting Plan — 7 Questions

COLOR: Warm, cold or mixed? Muted or colorful?

Page 71: Cinematography: Lighting

Lighting Plan — 7 Questions

EFFECT: Moonlight, candle, neon, firelight, natural, artificial, etc?

Page 72: Cinematography: Lighting

Lighting Plan — 7 Questions

QUALITY: Specular &/or diffuse? High key/Low Key? Flat or directional?

Page 73: Cinematography: Lighting

Lighting Plan — 7 Questions

STYLE: Genre fit? “Photographic” or “Naturalistic”?

Page 74: Cinematography: Lighting

Three-point lighting?

Practical:

Arri Lighting Kit

+ stuff of your choice

+ HPX170s

Page 75: Cinematography: Lighting

Lighting Instruments

● Kino Flow Kit 1

● Arri LED Kit 1

● Arri LED Kit (Single) 1

● Arri Lighting Kit 5

● Arri  Compact 1200 Watt HMI + Ballast 1

● IREM 1200 Watt + Ballast 1

Page 76: Cinematography: Lighting

Grip Equipment

● Adjustable Gaffer Grip Clamp 4

● Super Mafer Clamp 4

● Super Mafer Clamp with Baby Pin 4

● Pony Clips 20

● C-47 2 Bags

● C-Clamp with Baby Pin 2

● Bounce Boards 5

● C-Stand 1

● Bounce Board Clip 1

● Actors Tape 2

● Gaffer Tape 1

Page 77: Cinematography: Lighting