China's Use of Military Force: Beyond the Great Wall and the Long Marchby Andrew Scobeli

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<ul><li><p>China's Use of Military Force: Beyond the Great Wall and the Long March by Andrew ScobeliReview by: Lucian W. PyeForeign Affairs, Vol. 83, No. 3 (May - Jun., 2004), p. 158Published by: Council on Foreign RelationsStable URL: .Accessed: 15/06/2014 14:25</p><p>Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms &amp; Conditions of Use, available at .</p><p> .JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range ofcontent in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact</p><p> .</p><p>Council on Foreign Relations is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to ForeignAffairs.</p><p> </p><p>This content downloaded from on Sun, 15 Jun 2014 14:25:31 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p></p></li><li><p>Recent Books with nearly loo Yale classmates-into the newly formed CIA for what would turn out to be a career spent mostly back in Asia. After clandestine service in Hong </p><p>Kong, Tokyo, and Laos, Lilley became a member of the first official U.S. team posted in Beijing after President Richard Nixon's opening of relations with China. (Henry Kissinger negotiated the placement of intelligence officers in each mission so the White House would be able to bypass the State Department.) Shortly after returning to Washington to be the national intelligence officer on China, Lilley left the CIA to return to Asia as Director of the American Institute in Taiwan and, later, as ambassador to Seoul and then Beijing-the culmination of an extraordinary career. Lilley recounts the inside story of U.S. policymaking in a keen, clear-eyed manner. His insider's account of key policy decisions related to both Taipei and Beijing, as well as of personal relations among Washington elites, adds considerably to our under standing of four critical decades in East </p><p>Asia-and offers a great deal of wisdom about how Washington should manage relations with the region today. </p><p>China's Use ofMilitary Force: Beyond the Great Wall and the Long March. BY ANDREW SCOBELL. New York: </p><p>Cambridge University Press, 2003, 316 pp. $65.oo (paper, $23.00). </p><p>In this thoughtfuil, thoroughly researched study of traditional Chinese views about the military and Beijing's present-day use of force, Scobell concludes that the traditional "cult of defense" blended realpolitik and Confucian pacifism allowing the Chinese to convince them selves that they used force only as a last </p><p>resort and thus to commit to warfare with abandon when they deemed it necessary. The bulk of the book consists of case studies, which include border clashes </p><p>with India, the Soviet Union, and Vietnam and the Korean War (for which he draws on the latest scholarship and newly opened Chinese and Russian archives). He finds that the Chinese military is far from a </p><p>monolithic institution, and that its relationship with the state has changed considerably over time: under Mao, the "gun always served the Party," but after the Cultural Revolution the People's Liberation Army increasingly asserted its own views on national security. In the end, the Chinese come out looking neither as pacific as many believe nor as bellicose as others fear. </p><p>Jesus in Beijing. How Christianity is Transforming China and Changing the Global Balance of Power. BY DAVID AIKMAN. Washington: Regnery, 2003, 256 pp. $27.95. </p><p>Aikman, former Beijing bureau chief for Time, starts his impressive analysis of the state of Christianity in China with a solid review of its early history, from the Nestorians and Jesuits to the Taiping and Boxer Rebellions. Most of this book, however, is devoted to the current scene, </p><p>which consists of Communist Party sponsored Protestant and Catholic churches and thousands of "home churches" that are technically illegal but often have large, conspicuous buildings. Indeed, the authorities are more than a little ambivalent about how to treat Christianity: the party faithful continue to regard all religion as a threat, whereas researchers at the Chinese </p><p>Academy of Social Sciences assert that it was Christianity that made the West </p><p>[158] FOREIGN AFFAIRS Volume83No.3 </p><p>This content downloaded from on Sun, 15 Jun 2014 14:25:31 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p></p><p>Article Contentsp. 158</p><p>Issue Table of ContentsForeign Affairs, Vol. 83, No. 3 (May - Jun., 2004), pp. I-IV, 1-164Front MatterCommentsThe New Politics of Intelligence: Will Reforms Work This Time? [pp. 2-8]Flight from Freedom: What Russians Think and Want [pp. 9-15]The Decline of America's Soft Power: Why Washington Should Worry [pp. 16-20]</p><p>EssaysThe Outsourcing Bogeyman [pp. 22-34]Afghanistan Unbound [pp. 35-46]Campaign 2004Foreign Policy for a Democratic President [pp. 47-63]</p><p>The Global Baby Bust [pp. 64-79]The Payoff from Women's Rights [pp. 80-95]Don't Break the Engagement [pp. 96-109]The Road to Damascus [pp. 110-118]</p><p>Reviews &amp; ResponsesReview EssayReview: Native Son: Samuel Huntington Defends the Homeland [pp. 120-125]</p><p>Response: Combatants or Criminals?: How Washington Should Handle TerroristsFighting a War under Its Rules [with Reply] [pp. 126-129]The Four Faces of Nuclear Terror: And the Need for a Prioritized Response [pp. 130-132]Cancn's False Promise: A View from the South [pp. 133-135]</p><p>Recent Books on International RelationsPolitical and LegalReview: untitled [p. 136-136]Review: untitled [pp. 136-137]Review: untitled [p. 137-137]Review: untitled [pp. 137-138]Review: untitled [p. 138-138]</p><p>Economic, Social, and EnvironmentalReview: untitled [pp. 138-139]Review: untitled [p. 139-139]Review: untitled [pp. 139-140]Review: untitled [p. 140-140]Review: untitled [p. 140-140]</p><p>Military, Scientific, and TechnologicalReview: untitled [p. 141-141]Review: untitled [pp. 141-142]Review: untitled [p. 142-142]Review: untitled [p. 142-142]Review: untitled [p. 143-143]</p><p>The United StatesReview: untitled [pp. 143-144]Review: untitled [p. 144-144]Review: untitled [p. 144-144]Review: untitled [p. 145-145]Review: untitled [pp. 145-146]</p><p>Western EuropeReview: untitled [p. 146-146]Review: untitled [pp. 146-147]Review: untitled [p. 147-147]Review: untitled [pp. 147-148]Review: untitled [p. 148-148]</p><p>Western HemisphereReview: untitled [pp. 148-149]Review: untitled [p. 149-149]Review: untitled [pp. 149-150]Review: untitled [p. 150-150]Review: untitled [pp. 150-151]</p><p>Eastern Europe and Former Soviet RepublicsReview: untitled [p. 151-151]Review: untitled [pp. 151-152]Review: untitled [p. 152-152]Review: untitled [pp. 152-153]Review: untitled [p. 153-153]</p><p>Middle EastReview: untitled [pp. 153-154]Review: untitled [p. 154-154]Review: untitled [p. 154-154]Review: untitled [pp. 154-155]Review: untitled [p. 155-155]</p><p>AfricaReview: untitled [p. 156-156]Review: untitled [p. 156-156]Review: untitled [pp. 156-157]Review: untitled [p. 157-157]Review: untitled [p. 157-157]</p><p>Asia and PacificReview: untitled [pp. 157-158]Review: untitled [p. 158-158]Review: untitled [pp. 158-159]Review: untitled [pp. 159-160]</p><p>Letters to the EditorLow Self-Esteem [p. 161-161]Keeping It in the Family [pp. 161-162]Big-Picture Thinking [pp. 162-163]Erratum: Rejecting Revanchism [p. 163-163]</p><p>Lurie's Foreign Affairs [p. 164-164]</p><p>Back Matter</p></li></ul>