chess openings my collection
Post on 08-Dec-2015
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DESCRIPTIONCollection of various chess openings
Albin Counter-Gambit(1.d4d5 2.c4e5) 3.dxe5d4Lasker trap first imageEmanuel Lasker(December 24, 1868 January 11, 1941) was a Germanchessplayer,mathematician, andphilosopherwho wasWorld Chess Championfor 27 years (from 1894 to 1921). In his prime Lasker was one of the most dominant champions, and he is still generally regarded as one of thestrongest players ever.
Another situation in Lasker Trap[Result "*"]Try this game1. d4 d5 2. c4 e5 3. dxe5 d4 4. e3 Bb4+ 5. Bd2 dxe3 6. Bxb4 exf2+ 7. Ke2 fxg1N+8. Ke1 Qh4+ 9. Kd2 Nc6 *
The Albin Counter-Gambit is a hyper aggressive defense for black against the ever so popular queens gambit from white. Black gives up his pawn on e5 so that his d pawn can be nicely placed on d4. This pawn is a huge thorn in the side of white and there are many trap that come from the Albin Counter-Gambit that white has to be on the lookout for. One of the most common traps in the Albin Counter-Gambit is the Lasker Trap which punishes white if he tries to attack the pawn on d4 with e3.
This opening will immediately take a queens gambit player out of his element and gives black many fighting chances. If you are a very aggressive player, especially with black, then you definitely need to learn this opening. For all those queens gambit players, this is also good to know as your opponent may throw this at you at any time.
Famous Games using the Albin Counter GambitA Karu vs Keres, 1931
Dodge vs J R Houghteling, 1904
I Sokolov vs Morozevich, 2005
H Wagner vs W Schoenmann, 1919
Lasker vs Alekhine, 1914
Spassky vs V Mikenas, 1959
ExampleG Harari,Hampstead 1998
1. d4 d5 2. c4 e5 3. dxe5 d4 4. Nf3 Nc6 5. g3 Be6 6. Qa4 Qd7 7. Bg2 O-O-O 8. O-OKb8 9. Nbd2 Nxe5 10. Qb3 Nxf3+ 11. Nxf3 Qc8 12. Rd1 Bc5 13. Qb5 Bb6 14. c5 a615. Qb4 a5 16. Qa3 Ba7 17. Nxd4 Ne7 18. Bg5 f6 19. Bf4 g5 20. Bxc7+ Kxc7 21.Nxe6+ Qxe6 22. Qxa5+ Kb8 23. Rxd8+ 1-0Fig 129
http://www.chesscorner.com/tutorial/learn.htm1.d4d52.c4e53.dxe5d44.e3Bb4+5.Bd2dxe3The careless move 4.e3? can lead to theLasker Trap.Example 2DodgevsJay R Houghteling[Result "*"]
1. d4 d5 2. c4 e5 3. e3 exd4 4. Qxd4 Nf6 5. Nc3 Nc6 6. Qd1 Bf5 7. f3 Nb4 8. Qa4+Qd7 9. Qxd7+ Kxd7 10. e4 dxe4 11. fxe4 Nxe4 12. Rb1 Nc2+ 13. Kd1 Nf2+ 14. Ke2Bc5 15. Nf3 Bd3+ 16. Kd2 Be3# *
Alekhine Defense(1.e4 Nf6)The Alekhine Defense is a hypermodern defence against the ever so popular e4 opening from white.
Black looks to allow white to chase his knight all over the board with tempo gaining pawn moves that will control the center of the board. In exchange for the center control, black will look to undermine the overextended pawns from white.
The one thing black must always remember is that after his knight has been chased around he no longer can play passively and instead needs to attack the center that white has built up or he will be crushed by the pressure white can build up.
White has three main lines that he can choose from but they all start out with 1. e4 Nf6 2. e5 Nd5 3. d4 d6. From here things start to change and each variation takes on its on characteristics. White can choose from the very aggressive line of the four pawn attack where white will look to put his four central pawns in the center. He also might look to play the exchange variation that follows the four pawn attack but instead of the last pawn, instead opts to exchange with the d6 pawn. Black here can choose to play a sharp line capturing with his king pawn or play super aggressive and capture with his c pawn and really open things up.Famous Games using the Alekhine DefenseNimzowitsch vs Alekhine, 1926NN vs Geschew, 1935P C Gibbs vs Schmid, 1968G A Thomas vs Alekhine, 1925Verlinsky vs I Rabinovich, 1925H Borochow vs Fine, 1932
The Benko Gambit is one of the most well respected gambits in chess. For this reason it is one of the main lines stemming from the Benoni Defense.
White can either accept the gambit or decline this gambit with Nf3. Although some players may prefer to decline the gambit if they are unfamiliar you will amost always see white accept with cxb5.
Blacks entire goal is to give up a pawn early on to give himself a big advantage on the queen side. Black will continue to try to give white another pawn with a6. Many players dont mind playing down a pawn as black because of the great attacking lines that stem from the queen side attack in the benko gambit.
If you play as white in the Benko Gambit and you dont want to get into the main line, defending your queen side all game, it is common practice to give back the pawn material advantage and focus on building up your central control.
This opening is not for the faint of heart. Its a very aggressive opening and should be played accordingly.
Famous Games using the Benko GambitShirov vs A Hauchard, 1990Karpov vs Topalov, 2002A Greenfeld vs Judit Polgar, 1989Kiril Georgiev vs I Rogers, 1993Rubinstein vs Spielmann, 1922Mamedyarov vs Carlsen, 2007Blackmar-Diemer Gambit
TheBlackmarDiemer Gambit(orBDG) is achess openingcharacterized by the moves:1.d4d52.e4dxe43.Nc3
The Blackmar-Diemer Gambit is one of the most ambitious attempts for white to gain a developmental advantage.
From the second move white looks to give away his kings pawn. Although many top GMs find this to be unsound, many club level players have great success with it and if you are a very aggressive player I recommend playing it from time to time.
After white gives gambits his pawn he then looks to develop his knight to c3, followed by playing f3. This move only shows that those players attempting to play this opening like to play outside standard theory. After black captures on f3, white can either capture with his knight or can instead play the aggressive line (Ryder Gambit) and capture with his queen, thus allowing the black queen to take an additional white pawn on d4.
If white does decide to play the Ryder Gambit, many times black can fall into the Halosar Trap. If you havent checked out the video on the Halosar Trap you can watch it HERE.[Result "*"]
1. d4 d5 2. e4 dxe4 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. f3 exf3 5. Qxf3 Qxd4 6. Be3 Qb4 7. O-O-O Bg48. Nb5 Na6 9. Qxb7 Qe4 10. Qxa6 Qxe3+ 11. Kb1 Qc5 12. Nf3 *7th move shown above
It is also very important to remember that this opening can be transposed from other openings. One of the most common lines is white opening with e4 and black responding with the Scandinavian Defense d5. If you dont like playing against the Scandinavian Defense you can now play d4 and you will have the same position.
This opening is very fun for those players that dont mind giving up a pawn or two in the early part of a game in exchange for a large lead in development and the potential to chase the opponents king around the board all game long. If you however only like to play when you are up in material this is not the opening for you.
B Bartsch vs Jennen,1948E J Diemer vs K Locher,1948E J Diemer vs Schickner,1950S Paschmann vs Kurschat,1986Bogo-Indian defenceTheBogo-Indian Defenceis achess openingcharacterised by the moves:1.d4Nf62.c4e63.Nf3Bb4+ParentIndian Defence
White wins 36.1%Black wins 21.7%Draws 42.3%Game: Black resigns1.d4 Nf6 2.Nf3 e6 3.c4 Bb4 4.Bd2 Bd2 5.Nbd2 d5 6.e3 Nbd7 7.Bd3 O-O 8.O-O b6 9.cd5 Nd5 10.Qa4 c5 11.Rac1 Bb7 12.Ne4 cd4 13.Qd4 Qe7 14.Bb1 Rac8 15.Qd3 f5 16.Ned2 Rc1 17.Rc1 Rc8 18.Rc8 Bc8 19.e4 fe4 20.Ne4 g6 21.a3 Bb7 22.Nd4 N5f6 23.Ng5 Bd5 24.Nde6 Be6 25.Qe3 Nf8 26.Ba2 Qd6 27.Be6 Qe6 28.Ne6
Monticelli trapMonticelli vs.Proke,Budapest19261. d4 Nf6 2. c4 e6 3. Nf3 Bb4+ 4. Bd2 Bxd2+ 5. Qxd2 b6 6. g3 Bb7 7. Bg2 O-O 8. Nc3 Ne4 9. Qc2 Nxc3 10. Ng5
1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 e6 3. Nf3 Bb4+ 4. Bd2 Bxd2+ 5. Qxd2 b6 6. g3 Bb7 7. Bg2 O-O 8.Nc3 Ne4 9. Qc2 Nxc3 10. Ng5 *
Caro Kann (E4-C6)
The Caro-Kann Defense is one of the most popular openings in response to the Kings Pawn Opening of 1.e4. Black responds with 1.c6 with the idea of thrusting forward with d5 on the next move, attacking the white central pawn on e4. The Caro-Kann Defense is one of the few defenses in chess where black can reach equality in the main line and many people would consider black to have a better position, especially in the end game when the main line is played out. This is usually because black does not compromise his pawn structure and will usually have an easier end game.
There are many variations in the caro kann but the main line continues with 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 dxe4 4. Nxe4 Bf5. This is an important setup that all caro kann players should look at and understand. Many times a caro kann opening can transpose into a french defense but when the main line plays out, black usually has a pawn on c6. Black will then bring out his light squared bishop and eventually play e6 (usually played after the light square bishop is out so it is not blocked in). With the pawn on c6, black usually decides to bring his knight to d7 and support the future knight that is on f6. Black can bring his queen to c7 while his dark square bishop has many lines and is not blocked in by the pawns.
If the caro-kann does not follow the main lines it usually takes on a french defense so I would recommend studying up on the french defense if you want to play the caro-kann. The caro-kann is not a flashy opening and its not super aggressive. The caro-kann is, however, a very sound defense that can lead to an advantage for black near the later stages of a chess match. For those players that have a firm foundation of pawn structure and end game strategies I definitely recommend employing this in your chess games.Game 11.e4 c6 2.Nc3 d5 3.Nf3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Nd7 5.Qe2 Ngf6?? 6.Nd6 mateGame 21.e4