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Chernobyl-Nuclear Disaster Made by Krishnan.K.S

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Page 1: Chernobyl-nuclear disaster(Man made disasters)

Chernobyl-Nuclear Disaster

Made by Krishnan.K.S

Page 2: Chernobyl-nuclear disaster(Man made disasters)

OverviewThe Chernobyl disaster was

a tragic nuclear accident that occurred on 26 April 1986 at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Ukraine,

An explosion and fire released Abundant amounts of radioactive particles into the atmosphere, which spread over much of the western USSR and Europe.

Page 3: Chernobyl-nuclear disaster(Man made disasters)

Timeline1:26:03 – fire alarm activated1:28 – arrival of local fire fighters, Pravik's guard1:35 – arrival of firefighters from Pripyat,

Kibenok's guard1:40 – arrival of Telyatnikov2:10 – turbine hall roof fire extinguished2:30 – main reactor hall roof fires suppressed3:30 – arrival of Kiev firefighters4:50 – fires mostly localized6:35 – all fires extinguished

Page 4: Chernobyl-nuclear disaster(Man made disasters)

Causes of the disasterThe first official explanation of the accident

stated that it was the plant’s operators fault. Most of the earlier accusations against staff

for breach of regulations were acknowledged to be either erroneous.

In this analysis , deficiencies in the reactor design and in the operating regulations that made the accident possible. Several procedural irregularities also helped to make the accident possible.

Page 5: Chernobyl-nuclear disaster(Man made disasters)

EffectsFour hundred times more radioactive material

was released from Chernobyl than by the atomic bombing of Hiroshima.

In the aftermath , 237 people suffered from acute radiation sickness (ARS), of whom 31 died within the first three months.

Most of the victims were fire and rescue workers trying to bring the accident under control.

Many (28) of the people who were exposed , died within the first few months.

Page 6: Chernobyl-nuclear disaster(Man made disasters)

The Chernobyl nuclear power plant is located next to the Pripyat River, supplied water to the residents of the city, and was still in spring flood when the accident occurred.

 The radioactive contamination of aquatic systems therefore became a major problem in the immediate aftermath of the accident.

 In the most affected areas of Ukraine, levels of radioactivity in drinking water caused concern during the weeks and months after the accident.

Page 7: Chernobyl-nuclear disaster(Man made disasters)

After the disaster, four square kilometers of pine forest directly downwind of the reactor turned reddish-brown and died, earning the name of the "Red Forest". 

Some animals in the worst-hit areas also died or stopped reproducing.

Most domestic animals were removed from the exclusion zone, but horses left on an island in the Pripyat River 6 km (4 mi) from the power plant died when their thyroid glands were destroyed by radiation doses of 150–200 Sv.

The next generation appeared to be normal.

Page 8: Chernobyl-nuclear disaster(Man made disasters)

Aid ProjectsThe Chernobyl Shelter Fund was established in 1997 at

the Denver 23rd G8 summit to finance the Shelter Implementation Plan (SIP).

The plan calls for transforming the site into an ecologically safe condition by means of stabilization of the sarcophagus followed by construction of a New Safe Confinement (NSC).

While the original cost estimate for the SIP was US$768 million, the 2006 estimate was $1.2 billion.

There was a large arch being built called NSC(New safe confinement), Which would cover the effected areas.

The NSC is expected to be completed in 2015, and will be the largest movable structure ever built.

Page 9: Chernobyl-nuclear disaster(Man made disasters)

The United Nations Development Programme launched a specific project called the Chernobyl Recovery and Development Programme (CRDP) for the recovery of the affected areas.

The programme was initiated in February 2002 based on report Human Consequences of the Chernobyl Nuclear Accident.

The main goal of the CRDP's activities is supporting the Government of Ukraine in mitigating long-term social, economic, and ecological consequences of the Chernobyl catastrophe.

The four most Chernobyl-affected areas in Ukraine: Kyivska, Zhytomyrska, Chernihivska and Rivnenska.

Page 10: Chernobyl-nuclear disaster(Man made disasters)

The International Project on the Health Effects of the Chernobyl Accident (IPEHCA) was created and received US $20 million.

These funds were divided between Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia, the three main affected countries, for further investigation of health effects.

As there was significant corruption in former Soviet countries, most of the foreign aid was given to Russia, and no positive outcome from this money has been demonstrated.

Page 11: Chernobyl-nuclear disaster(Man made disasters)

ConclusionThis incident/ proves that human greed

doesn’t always lead to fruitful outcomes. Most Disasters are caused due to the greed

of man, for which nature pays.Incidents like these are like lessons from

which we must learn , but we just ignore these warnings and keep on going.

Thank You