Chapter5 Meaning of Freedom Chapter 16 Gilded aged Chapter 17 &18

Download Chapter5 Meaning of Freedom Chapter 16 Gilded aged Chapter 17 &18

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Ch:!5 Meaning of Freedom Chapter 16 gilded age Chapter 17 freedoms boundiaries and home aboard Chapter 18progressive era

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<ul><li> 1. CHAPTER 15,16,17, &amp;18:CLASS NOTES TEST 0NE REVIEW JSRCC PR 122</li></ul> <p> 2. CHAPTER 15 MEANING OF FREEDOM 3. 1861-1865 CIVIL WAR 11 STATES UNIONCSA RETAIN THOSE STATES TWO SIDE OF THE WAR: CSA UNION 4. BEFORE THE WAR POL-US /STATE-LEADERS ECONOMY-PAPER MONEY CROPS LABOR SOCIAL-HIERARCHYAFTER THE WAR SAME 5. HIERARCHY HIERARCHY= GREAT CHAIN OF BEING GOD ANGELS MAN ANIMALS 6. WHO IS GOING TO MAKE THE DECISION? UNION GOVERNS MILITARY CONGRESS PRESIDENT PEOPLE SUPREME COURT 7. WHAT DECISION TO MAKE? DO CSA STATES GET BACK IN THE U.S. ? ARE THEY PUNISHED? ARE THE LEADERS PUNISHED? WHO BECOMES LEADER OF THE CSA? NEW BOUNDARIES? WHO GETS TO VOTE? WHO HOLD OFFICE:? NEW STATE CONSTITUTION WHO WRITES THEM? WAR DEBT? HOW DO YOU RESTART THE SOUTH ECONOMY? 8. RECONSTRUCTION 1865-1877 PERIOD DURING WHICH THE U.S. BEGAN TO REBUILD AFTER THE CIVIL WAR AND INCLUDED THE PROCESS BY WHICH THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT READMITTED FORMER CONFEDERATE STATES MAIN IDEA RADICAL REPUBLICANS IN CONGRESS OPPOSED ABRAHAM LINCOLNS AND ANDREW JOHNSONS PLANS FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND INSTEAD IMPLEMENTED ITS OWN PLAN TO REBUILD THE SOUTH AFTER THE CIVIL WAR 9. IDEA OF RECONSTRUCTION JULY 1863 TWO BATTLES GETTYSBURG JULY 1, JULY 2, AND JULY 3 VICKSBURG JULY 4 VICKSBURG OPENS UP CONTROL OF THE MISSISSIPPI ALLOWS NORTH TO CONTROL THE STATS ON BOTH SIDE OF THE RIVER THADDEUS STEVEN RADICAL REPUBLICAN LINCOLN=PRESIDENT ANDREW JOHNSON= VICE PRESIDENT 10. 1864-1865 10% PLAN- PEOPLE WHO PLEDGE/PLEDE TO THE UNION RADICAL REPUBLICAN: CHARLES SUMMER LEE SURRENDER APRIL 9, 1865 LINCOLNS DEATH ON THE MORNING OF APRIL 15,1865; CHANGES EVERYTHING WADE-DAVIS BILL: 50% WAS POCKET VETO CONTROL WHO CAN VOTE AND WHO CAN HOLD OFFICE 11. 10% PLAN PROCLAMATION OF AMNESTY AND RECONSTRUCTION (DECEMBER 8, 1863) REPLACE MAJORITY RULE WITH LOYAL RULE IN THE SOUTH. HE DIDNT CONSULT CONGRESS REGARDING RECONSTRUCTION. PARDON TO ALL BUT THE HIGHEST RANKING MILITARY AND CIVILIAN CONFEDERATE OFFICERS. WHEN 10% OF THE VOTING POPULATION IN THE 1860 ELECTION HAD TAKEN AN OATH OF LOYALTY AND ESTABLISHED A GOVERNMENT, IT WOULD BE RECOGNIZED. TENNESSEE, ARKANSAS, AND LOUISIANA FORMED GOVERNMENTS UNDER THIS PLAN, BUT CONGRESS DID NOT RECOGNIZE. THEIR VOTES DID NOT COUNT FOR PRESIDENT IN 1864. 12. WADE-DAVIS BILL REQUIRED 50% OF THE NUMBER OF 1860 VOTERS TO TAKE AN IRON CLAD OATH OF ALLEGIANCE (SWEARING THEY HAD NEVER VOLUNTARILY AIDED THE REBELLION). SENATOR REQUIRED A STATE CONSTITUTIONAL CONGRESSMAN BENJAMIN CONVENTION BEFORE THE ELECTION HENRY WADE W. DAVIS (R-OH) OF STATE OFFICIALS. (R-MD) ENACTED SPECIFIC SAFEGUARDS OF FREEDMENS LIBERTIES IRON-CLAD OATH. STATE SUICIDE THEORY [MA SENATOR CHARLES SUMNER] 13. 1865-1866 13TH AMENDMENT PASS AND RATIFIED CONGRESSIONAL PLAN FOR RECONSTRUCTION LED BY RADICAL REPUBLICANS CHARLES SUMMER THADDEUS STEVEN 14. THADDEUS STEVEN 1792-1868 REGARDED THE SECEDED STATES AS CONQUERED PROVINCES, PROMOTED MUCH OF THE MAJOR RECONSTRUCTION LEGISLATION THE 14TH AMENDMENT RECONSTRUCTION, HE SAID, MUST REVOLUTIONIZE SOUTHERN INSTITUTIONS HABITS, AND MANNERS THE FOUNDATION OF THEIR INSTITUTIONS,,, MUST BE BROKEN UP AND RELAID OR ALL OUR BLOOD AND TREASURE HAVE BEEN SPEND IN VAIN. 15. MILITARY RECONSTRUCTION ACT OF 1867 LAY OUT PARTS OF THE 14TH AMENDMENT STATES HAD TO WRITE A NEW CONSTITUTION MAKES THE SOUTH VOTE YES TO RATIFIED THE CONSTITUTION 16. SATES CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTIONS FREEDMEN; NORTHERN TRANSPLANTS PUBLIC SCHOOLS AND FOR ORPHANS, THE BLIND, OTHER DISABLITIES 17. US GRANT MARCH 1869 INAUGURATION MIX BAG WITH RECONSTRUCTION LAW PASS FOR EQUAL RIGHTS BUT NO ENFORCE PRESIDENT SCANDALS 18. US GRANT SCANDALS CREDIT MOBILIZER DRINKING PROBLEMS MESS UP GOVERNMENT UNDER HIS WATCH 19. IMPEACHMENT AND ULYSSES S. GRANT TO DEMONSTRATE HIS DISLIKE FOR THE TENURE OF OFFICE ACT, JOHNSON REMOVED THE SECRETARY OF WAR FROM OFFICE IN 1868. JOHNSON WAS IMPEACHED AND THE SENATE FELL ONE VOTE SHORT FROM REMOVING HIM FROM OFFICE. 20. ELECTION 1876 TILDEN VS. HAYES HAYES 186 ELECTORAL VOTE TILDEN 165 ELECTORAL VOTE HAYES WON ELECTION 21. RUTHER B. HAYES REPUBLICAN GOVERNOR OF OHIO HE WAS THE 19TH PRESIDENT BORN ON OCT. 1822 DIED JAM 1893 22. THE TWO EVILS: CHOOSE THE LEAST TILDENHAYES DEMOCRATE REPUBLICAN NEW YORK OHIO GOT RID OF WILLIAM TWEED WON THE ELECTION 23. SPECIAL COMMITTEE: JUSTICE DAVID DAVIS7 DEMOCRATS GETS THE LAST VOTEWAS ELECTED FOR THE SENATE BY THE STATE THIS THROWS HIM OUT FOR THE LAST SAY7 REPUBLICAN 24. WILLIAM TWEED BIG BUSINESS MAN 25. SAMUEL TILDEN DEMARCATED GOVERNOR OF NEW YORK GOT RID OF WILLIAM TWEED 26. COMPRISES OF 1877 TRADE PRESIDENT ELECTION FOR THE REMOVAL OF THE MILITARY IN THE SOUTH 27. SHARECROPPING LAND OWNERS ALLOWS FREEDMEN TO WORK ON THE LAND FOR A PERCENT OF THE CROPS WENT TO A PERCENTAGE TO A CERATE AMOUNT MANY AFRICAN-AMERICANS RENTED LAND FOR A SHARE OR PERCENTAGE OF THE TOTAL CROP PRODUCED 28. CHAPTER 16: GILDED AGE 29. INDUSTRIALIZATION REFORMURBANIZATIONIMPERIALISMIMMIGRATIONREFORMWESTERN EXPANSION 30. INDUSTRIALIZATION FUEL FOR THE FACTORS IS STEAM RAW MATERIALS WORKERS MONEY AMPUTATION ENTREPREURS CAPITAL TRANSPORTATION LAZIER FAIRE NEW IDEA 31. THOMAS EDISON INCESSANT BULB WORK WITH LOW VOTARIES CAN ONLY GO A MILE LONG FOR POWER SOURCE 32. THOMAS EDISON THOMAS A, EDISON INVENTED THE INCANDESCENT LAMP (OR LIGHT BULB) WHICH COULD BE USED FOR BOTH STREET AND HOME LIGHTING EDISON AND OTHERS DESIGNED IMPROVED GENERATORS AND BUILT LARGE POWER PLANTS TO FURNISH ELECTRICITY TO WHOLE CITIES 33. TELSA WORK WITH WESHINGHOUSE WESHINGHOUSE AIR BAG FOR TRAINS TO BREAK OUT 34. EDISONTESLA J.P. MORGAN WESTINGHOUSE HENNERY VILLARD WESTINGHOUSE COMPANY GENERAL ELECTOR CON ED 35. AUTO INDURATED HENERY FORD ASSEMBLY LINE 1903 FORD MOBILE COMPANY MODEL T 36. INDUSTRAL CHEMISTRY DUPOINT RUBBER TEXTILE FIBERS GLASS 37. TIRE COMPANY FIRESTONE: MAKES TIRES FOR FORD GOODYEAR 38. CORNELIUS VANDERBILT RAIL ROAD STANDARD GAUGE HAD SMALL PART WITH STEEL 39. JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER STANDARD OIL COMPANY ESSOEXXON 40. ANDREW CARNEGIE STEEL BESSEMER PROCESS VERTICAL INTEGRATION NOT MONOPOLY 41. WILLIAM BOSS TWEED IN CHARGE OF A POLITICAL MACHINE MEET IN TAMMY HALL HE MADE MILLION OF DOLLARS AT ON TIME TAX PAIDER MONEY WENT INTO THIS SYSTEM BECAUSE IMMIGRATION DIDNT KNOW ABOUT DUE TO LANGUAGE BARRIERS 42. WILLIAM M. TWEED KNOWN AS BOSS TWEED WAS HEAD OF THE TAMMANY HALL, NEW YORK CITYS POWERFUL DEMOCRATIC POLITICAL MACHINE BETWEEN 1869-1871, HE LED THE TWEED RING OF CORRUPT POLITICIANS IN DEFRAUDING THE CITY CONVICTED OF 120 COUNTS OF FRAUD AND EXTORTION, HE WAS SENTENCED TO 12 YEARS IN JAIL, BUT RELEASED AFTER ONE. REARRESTED, HE ESCAPED TO SPAIN 43. THOMAS NAST DID POLITICAL CARTOONS CARTOONS HELP BREAKS THE LANGUAGE BARRIERS NAST GAVE US THE MODERN DAY SANTA CLAUS NAST BUG THING AT THIS TIME WAS POLITICAL CARTOON CORRUPTION OF POLITICS 44. 1790S NATURALIZATION ACT HOW TO BECOME A CITIZEN 5 YRS. RESIDENT TEST CITIZEN OATH 45. NATIONAL LABOR UNION STARTS IN 1866 JUST WANTED TO IMPROVE WORK CONDITION DIES OFF IN 1870S; DUE TO THE DEPRESS 46. KNIGHTS OF LABOR 1860GETS STRONGER IN 1870-1886TERRANCE POWERDELLY= RAN THE KNIGHTS OF LABORFOUNDED IN 1869, THE FIRST NATIONAL UNION LASTED, UNDER THE LEADERSHIP OF TERENCE V. POWDERLY, ONLY INTO THE 1890S: SUPPLANTED BY THE AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR1880S WITNESS A NEW WAVE OF LABOR ORGANIZINGKNIGHTS WERE THE FIRST GROUP TO TRY TO ORGANIZE UNSKILLED WORKERS AS WELL AS SKILLED, WOMEN ALONGSIDE MEN, AND BLACKS AS WELL AS WHITESGROUP REACH ITS PEAK MEMBERSHIP OF 800,000 IN 1886AND INVOLVED MILLIONS WORKERS IN STRIKES, BOYCOTTS, POLITICAL ACTION, AND EDUCATIONAL AND SOCIAL ACTIVITIESLABOR MOVEMENT LAUNCHED A SUSTAINED ASSAULT ON THE UNDERSTANDING OF FREEDOM GROUNDED IN SOCIAL DARWINISM AND LIBERTY OF CONTRACTJULY 4,1886, THE FEDERATED TRADES OF THE PACIFIC COAST REWROTE THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE 47. 1886 KNIGHTS OF LABOR DIES OFF HAYMARKET SQUARE RIOT CHICAGO BIG COMPANY MCCORMICK WAS A STRIKE AGAINST MCCORMICK THEY MEET ON SUNDAY AT HAYMARKET SQUARE THEN MONDAY TO PROTEST FOR THE PEOPLE WHO GOT ARREST ON SUNDAY 48. AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR 1886 SAMUEL GOMPERS IS THE FOUNDER HE WANTS SPECIFIC GOAL WITH BARRING NUMBER OF HOURS HOW MUCH YOU SHOULD MAKE BELIEVE STRIKES ARE THE LAST SOLUTION 49. 1892 HOMESTEAD STEEL STRIKE ONE OF CARNEGIE STEEL COMPANY WORKERS CARNEGIE STEEL COMPANY WORKERS BEING ASK TO TAKE PAY CUTS THEY CLOSED THE MILL HAD PINKERTON GUARD TO PROTECT THE FACTORS HAD CONFLICT BETWEEN WORKERS AND PINKERTION GUARD WORKERS LOSE BECAUSE OF THE GOVERNMENT DUE TO PROPERTY DAMAGE 50. 1894 PULLMAN PULLMAN CARS CARS YOU CAN SLEEP IN AMERICAN RAILWAY UNION CREATE BY EUGENE V. DEBS HE WANTED EVERYONE TO WORK 51. CHAPTER 17: FREEDOMS BOUNDARIES, AT HOME AND ABROAD 52. GOLD RUSH WAS THE MAJOR EVENT THAT PUSH THE WESTERN EXPANSION 1849- CA GOLD RUSH 53. 1859 COMSTOCK LODE LODE LARGE AREA OF MINNERS SILVER VIRGINIA CITY, NV GOLD ROCKY MOUNTAIN RUSH LARGEST BLACK HILLS, SD LAST 54. HOMESTEAD ACT OF 1862 ALLOWS PEOPLE TO MOVE WESTERN FREE LAND HAD TO IMPROVE THE LAND OCHERS FRAMERS RANCHERS ETC. 55. FREDRICK JACKSON TURNER FRONTIER THESIS WHY AMERICAN ARE THE WAY THEY ARE OPPURTIONIEST HARD WORK ANY ONE CAN MAKE IT SAFETY VALVE THESIS FRONTIER ACT AS A SAFETY VALVE SO, WE WONT BE LIKE EUROPE OUTBREAK SUCH, AS RIOTS, PROTEST AND BOYSCOTT 56. ETHNOCENTRISM LOOKING AT THE WORLD FROM YOUR POINT OF VIEW OF RIGHT AND WRONG WHAT YOU THINK IS NORMAL US BEING BIAS FROM THE 20TH CENTURY HAPPENS ALL THE TIME 57. IDEA BASE OF ETHNOCENTRISM DIVIDE RIGHT CHOSEN ONE MANIFEST DESTINY GOT THE IDEA FROM WESTERN EXPANSION OUR HOB TO SPREADS OUR CULTURE NEGATIVE: MADE US LOOK CONDESCEND POSITIVE: WE HAVE TO SAVE THESE PEOPLE (VIEW FROM THE CHRISTIAN STAND POINT) 58. IMPERIALISM WORLD TRADE INVESTMENT CAPITAL 1870 HAD NOTHING TO DO WITH INVESTMENT IN OVERSEAS EUROPEAN EXAMPLE WE ARE TRYING TO KEEP UP WITH THEM MISSIONARY PRESSURE NAVAL PRESSURE 1900S WE HAD THE 3RD POWERFUL NAVY 59. HAWAII IN NODDLE OF NOWHERE GREAT FOR COMMERCIAL SHIPS HAS ALONG HISTORY KAMEHAMEHA THE GREAT HAWAII EXPANDS NORTH AND SOUTH OF KUAU NOT JUST THE 7 ISLAND CAPTAIN HOOK (ENGLISH MAN) FOUND THE AREA 1800S HAWAII IS INDEPENDENT 60. LATIN AMERICAN POLICY LOT OF POLICY DEAL WITH RAW MARTIALS MONROE DOCTRINE CAME ABOUT PAN AMERICAN CONGRESS CONGRESS LIKE A BIG MEETING 61. CHAPTER 18: PROGRESSIVE ERA 62. PROGRESSIVE/REFORM MOVEMENT GOVERNMENT LOCAL STATE NATIONAL LIVING CONDITIONS WORKING CONDITIONS IN FACTORS 63. CITY LEVEL SPOIL SYSTEMS YOU SUPPORT SOMETHING IN POLITICS THEN YOU GAIN SOMETHING REWARD FOR YOUR SUPPORT SO YOU GET A JOB (AMERICA VIEW) CITY MANAGER COMMISSION SYSTEM SPECIFIC QUALIFICATION 64. STATE LEVEL ROBERT LAFOLLETTE-WISCONICENS WOODROW WILSON-NJ HIRAM JOHNSON-CA THEY DID SET UP DIRECT PRIMARY INITIATIVE ALLOW CITIZEN TO HAVE A SAY 65. REFORM WHEN VOTERS IMPROVE/DENIN A LAW RECALL RECALL VARIES FROM STATE TO STATE 66. SPOIL SYSTEM 1883 PRENLENTON ACT/ CIVIL SERVICE ACT BASE ON MARITTS 3 MEN COMMISSION TO OVER SEE 1880S WOODROW WILSON 67. WORKING CONDITIONS FACTORS MUCKRAKERS JUNGLE LIVING CONDITIONS JACOB RIIS 68. ROUGH PARAGRAPHS OF IMPORTANT PEOPLE &amp; KEY EVENTS 69. ANDREW CARNEGIE ANDREW CARNEGIE WAS A MAN WHO ESTABLISH A VERTICALLY INTEGRATED. THIS CAME ABOUT IN THE YEAR OF 1873. THE VERTICALLY INTEGRATED CONTROLLED EVERY PHASE OF THE BUSINESS FROM RAW MATERIALS TO TRANSPORTATION, O MANUFACTURING, AND DISTRIBUTION. HE MADE HIS NATIONAL STRIDE WITH THE STEEL COMPANY IN PITTSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA. BY THE 1890S, CARNEGIE HAD DOMINATED THE STEEL INDUSTRY. IN 1892, THE HOMESTEAD STEEL STRIKE BROKE OUT IN FRONT OF CARNEGIES COMPANY. THEY HIRE THE PINKERTON GUARD TO PROTECT THE PLANTATION FROM UNDER PAID WORKERS. LATER IN HIS LIFE HE WROTE THE GOSPEL OF WEALTH. THAT EXPLAINS WHY PEOPLE WITH MONEY CAN SURVIVE IN THIS WORLD. 70. JACOB RIIS IN 1890S, JACOB RIIS PUBLISHED A BOOK. THE BOOK CALLED HOW THE OTHER HALF LIVES. THIS BOOK OFFERED INSIDE ACCOUNT OF THE LIVING CONDITIONS IN THE URBAN POOR. THERE ARE PICTURES OF THE RUN DOWN APARTMENTS. DESCRIBING HOW MANY FAMILIES LIVE IN THE ONE INTO ONE APARTMENT. 71. RUTHERFORD B. HAYES RUTHERFORD B. HAYES WAS URGED TO RUN FOR .GOVERNOR OF OHIO IN 1867. HE WAS NOMINATES BY THE REPUBLICAN PARTY. HAYES WON THE ELECTION BY A NARROW MARGIN. WAS SWORN IN A AS GOVERNOR ON JANUARY 1868. HAYES BECAME ACTIVE IN NATIONAL POLITICS AFTER HE WAS SWORN IN. DIDNT HAVE MUCH POWER AS A GOVERNOR BUT, HE DID APPOINTED JUDGES AND MEMBERS OF BOARDS OF DIRECTORS FOR COLLEGES. IN THE ELECTION OF 1876, HAYES WAS NOMINEE BY THE REPUBLICAN PARTY. HE WON THE PRESIDENT ELECTION. BECOMING THE 19TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. APRIL OF 1877, HE ORDERED ALL FEDERAL TROOPS OUT OF THE SOUTH; ENDING THE RECONSTRUCTION PERIOD. 72. ULYSSES S. GRANT ULYSSES S. GRANT WAS A GENERAL FOR THE NORTH IN THE CIVIL WAR. WHEN MARCH OF 1869, HE WAS INAUGURATE INTO OFFICE AS THE UNITED STATES PRESIDENT. GRANT WAS THE 18TH UNITED STATE PRESIDENT. HE HAD MIX EMOTIONS WHEN IT CAME TO THE RECONSTRUCTION PLAN. THERE WAS A LAW PASS WHILE HE WAS THE PRESIDENT, CALLED THE EQUAL RIGHT ACT. THIS WAS NOT ENFORCE DURING HIS TERM. AS THE PRESIDENT HE FACE MULTIPLY SCANDALS ISSUE. THE CREDIT MOBILIZER WAS BEING RUN UNDER HIS NOISE. GRANT HAD A DRINKING PROBLEM WHILE HE WAS IN OFFICE. EVERYONE THAT WAS IN HIS POLITICAL PARTY GROUP WHERE CALLED WHISKEY RING. 73. WILLIAM BOSS TWEED WILLIAM TWEED IS KNOWN AS BOSS TWEED. HE IS ONE OF THE MOST POWERFUL POLITICAL BOSSES IN THE GILDED PERIOD. BECAME THE HEAD OF TAMMANY HALL, NEW YORK CITY. TWEED SWINDLED NEW YORK OUT A FORTUNE, WHEN HE HEADED OF TAMMANY HALL IN 1860 THROUGH 1870. WHERE ALL THE MONEY CORRUPTION HAPPENS AT. HE HAD A GROUP OF PEOPLE CALLED THE TWEED RING. THEY HELP HIM GAIN SO MUCH MONEY FOR THE GOVERNMENT. THOMAS NAST, WAS THE PERSON WHO BROUGHT DOWN WILLIAM TWEED. 74. KNIGHTS OF LABOR THE KNIGHTS OF LABOR WAS FOUNDED IN 1869. UNDER THE LEADERSHIP OF TERENCE V. POWDERLY. THIS WAS THE FIRST GROUP TO ORGANIZE UNSKILLED WORKERS AS WELL AS SKILLED TOGETHER. PLUS, TO ORGANIZE MEN AND WOMEN WORKING TOGETHER. BETWEEN THE YEARS OF 1870S THREW 1886 IS WHERE THE K NIGHT OF LABOR HAD THE HIGHEST OF NUMBER OF MEMBERS. THE LABOR MOVEMENT LAUNCHED A SUSTAIN ASSAULT ON THE UNDERSTANDING OF FREEDOM IN SOCIAL DARWINISM AND THE LIBERTY OF CONTRACT. THEIR BIG BREAK THREW WAS IN JULY OF 1886, WHEN THE FEDERATED TRADES OF THE PACIFIC COAST REWROTE THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE.</p>