Chapter 8 Egypt. Egypt Country name: Arab Republic of Egypt, Egypt Country name: Arab Republic of Egypt, Egypt Capital: Cairo Capital: Cairo Location:

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Chapter 8 Egypt </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> Egypt Country name: Arab Republic of Egypt, Egypt Country name: Arab Republic of Egypt, Egypt Capital: Cairo Capital: Cairo Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula Border countries: Gaza Strip, Israel, Libya, Sudan Border countries: Gaza Strip, Israel, Libya, Sudan </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> Government type: republic Government type: republic Population: 74,718,797 (July 2003 est.). Most populated in the Arab world, and the second (after Nigeria) in Africa. Population: 74,718,797 (July 2003 est.). Most populated in the Arab world, and the second (after Nigeria) in Africa. Languages: Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes Languages: Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes Religions: Muslim (mostly Sunni) 94%, Coptic Christian and other 6% Religions: Muslim (mostly Sunni) 94%, Coptic Christian and other 6% GDP per capita: purchasing power parity - $4,000 (2002 est.) (134 th in the world) GDP per capita: purchasing power parity - $4,000 (2002 est.) (134 th in the world) </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> Industries: textiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals Industries: textiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals Currency: Egyptian pound (EGP) (CIA, World Fact Book) Currency: Egyptian pound (EGP) (CIA, World Fact Book) </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Important Facts One of the top destinations (with Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates) in Middle East One of the top destinations (with Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates) in Middle East 4,9 million international tourist arrivals 4,9 million international tourist arrivals $3,8 million international tourism receipts (the highest in the region) (WTO, 2003) $3,8 million international tourism receipts (the highest in the region) (WTO, 2003) Coastline: 2,450 km Coastline: 2,450 km Terrain: vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta Terrain: vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Climate: desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters (CIA, World Fact Book). Egypt is dominated by sand and water. Nearly all Egypt is desert, except the area along the Nile River where 95% of the population live around. Climate: desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters (CIA, World Fact Book). Egypt is dominated by sand and water. Nearly all Egypt is desert, except the area along the Nile River where 95% of the population live around. </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Selling Points The Pyramids and the Sphinx, the Valleys of the Kings and Queens, Cairo, ancient temples, museums, churches, casinos, Nile cruises, spas, desert culture and scuba diving. The Pyramids and the Sphinx, the Valleys of the Kings and Queens, Cairo, ancient temples, museums, churches, casinos, Nile cruises, spas, desert culture and scuba diving. </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> Very Brief History in 3050 BC, the first Pharaoh united Upper and Lower Egypt and started an empire legendary with its elaborate tombs, magnificent pyramids and hieroglyphs in 3050 BC, the first Pharaoh united Upper and Lower Egypt and started an empire legendary with its elaborate tombs, magnificent pyramids and hieroglyphs in AD 640, Arabs invaded Egypt in AD 640, Arabs invaded Egypt Ottomans, French and British invaded the country as well Ottomans, French and British invaded the country as well in 1953, Egypt won its full independence in 1953, Egypt won its full independence </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Cairo populated (9 million people live), polluted, beautiful, with traffic jam and world famous treasures populated (9 million people live), polluted, beautiful, with traffic jam and world famous treasures Egyptian Museum (the prime attraction for tourists; thousand year old mummies are displayed in oxygen-free cases; the contents of the tomb of the Tutankhamen; artifacts from the Greek and Roman periods) Egyptian Museum (the prime attraction for tourists; thousand year old mummies are displayed in oxygen-free cases; the contents of the tomb of the Tutankhamen; artifacts from the Greek and Roman periods) </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> Khan-el Khalili Bazaar (winding streets with shops and stalls and carts) Khan-el Khalili Bazaar (winding streets with shops and stalls and carts) Mohammed Ali Mosque and Alabaster Mosque (fine examples of Islamic art and architecture) Mohammed Ali Mosque and Alabaster Mosque (fine examples of Islamic art and architecture) some other attractions include; some other attractions include; Museum of Islamic Art Museum of Islamic Art casinos casinos a museum detailing the making of papyrus a museum detailing the making of papyrus the Coptic quarter (several million Egyptians are Coptic Christians) the Coptic quarter (several million Egyptians are Coptic Christians) the Opera the Opera </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> Giza a suburb of Cairo a suburb of Cairo The Great Pyramids and the Sphinx are located here (though most photos make them appear that they are out in the desert, they are actually at the edge of Cairo) The Great Pyramids and the Sphinx are located here (though most photos make them appear that they are out in the desert, they are actually at the edge of Cairo) The Great Pyramid (the biggest one; 5000 year-old; built for Cheops; built of 2,5 million blocks of stone; its engineering still amazes) The Great Pyramid (the biggest one; 5000 year-old; built for Cheops; built of 2,5 million blocks of stone; its engineering still amazes) The Sphinx (located just off to the side of the Great Pyramid; mystery for scientists, since no one knows when or why it was built) The Sphinx (located just off to the side of the Great Pyramid; mystery for scientists, since no one knows when or why it was built) </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> Saqqara very close to Cairo very close to Cairo The Step Pyramid of Zoser (one other famous pyramid, much older than the Giza pyramids) and a number of interesting tombs (which has more impressive artwork compared to the Great Pyramid) The Step Pyramid of Zoser (one other famous pyramid, much older than the Giza pyramids) and a number of interesting tombs (which has more impressive artwork compared to the Great Pyramid) ruins of Memphis (once the largest and the most important city of Egypt; has an imposing statue of Ramses II) ruins of Memphis (once the largest and the most important city of Egypt; has an imposing statue of Ramses II) </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> Luxor most important destination in Egypt most important destination in Egypt The Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens (final resting places of ancient Egyptian royalty; the tombs spread out over quite a large area) The Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens (final resting places of ancient Egyptian royalty; the tombs spread out over quite a large area) The Colossi of Memnon( two enormous seating statues at the entrance of the valley) The Colossi of Memnon( two enormous seating statues at the entrance of the valley) The colors and the artwork on the walls are very impressive The colors and the artwork on the walls are very impressive </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> one of the best known tomb is the young Tutankhamen (discovered with its treasures; contents are displayed in the Cairo Museum) one of the best known tomb is the young Tutankhamen (discovered with its treasures; contents are displayed in the Cairo Museum) Temple of Luxor and the Temple of Karnak (incredibly impressive structures with statues and colonnades) Temple of Luxor and the Temple of Karnak (incredibly impressive structures with statues and colonnades) </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> Abu Simbel 3200 year-old temple 3200 year-old temple four huge statues of Pharaoh II facing the Nile four huge statues of Pharaoh II facing the Nile marvel of repeated engineering; first it took 25000 workers 25 years to carve it into a mountainside, then (due to the completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1960, it was in danger) stone by stone, it was moved to a higher ground where first a mountain similar to the one it was taken out had to be constructed (the international effort was headed by UNESCO) marvel of repeated engineering; first it took 25000 workers 25 years to carve it into a mountainside, then (due to the completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1960, it was in danger) stone by stone, it was moved to a higher ground where first a mountain similar to the one it was taken out had to be constructed (the international effort was headed by UNESCO) </li> <li> Slide 17 </li> <li> Alexandria beautiful atmosphere; relaxed Mediterranean feel beautiful atmosphere; relaxed Mediterranean feel more cosmopolitan than Cairo more cosmopolitan than Cairo Nice contrast with the ancient ruins Nice contrast with the ancient ruins Greco-Roman Museum (the displayed items which are dated from 300 BC to AD 300 maybe considered modern by Egyptian standards) Greco-Roman Museum (the displayed items which are dated from 300 BC to AD 300 maybe considered modern by Egyptian standards) </li> <li> Slide 18 </li> <li> a causeway leads from the city to the island of Pharos (once the site of the Great Lighthouse, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World) a causeway leads from the city to the island of Pharos (once the site of the Great Lighthouse, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World) Mersa Matruh (the resort with good beaches, excellent reef diving and turquoise water) Mersa Matruh (the resort with good beaches, excellent reef diving and turquoise water) </li> <li> Slide 19 </li> <li> Aswan fairly modern, pleasant city at the end of the rail in Upper Egypt fairly modern, pleasant city at the end of the rail in Upper Egypt Two islands in the Nile are the main attractions Two islands in the Nile are the main attractions Elephantine (has two old authentic villages) Elephantine (has two old authentic villages) Kitcheners island (also called Botanic island, has tombs and attractive gardens) Kitcheners island (also called Botanic island, has tombs and attractive gardens) Aswan High Dam Aswan High Dam </li> <li> Slide 20 </li> <li> Nile Cruises easiest way to see the major sites in Egypt easiest way to see the major sites in Egypt the cruises range from five-day felucca (sailboat) trips from Aswan to Luxor, to two- weeks luxury cruises from Cairo to Aswan the cruises range from five-day felucca (sailboat) trips from Aswan to Luxor, to two- weeks luxury cruises from Cairo to Aswan generally ships cruise between Luxor and Aswan; the trip between Cairo and Luxor is a long one which may be boring generally ships cruise between Luxor and Aswan; the trip between Cairo and Luxor is a long one which may be boring </li> <li> Slide 21 </li> <li> Red Sea Resorts The resorts along the Red Sea, Gulf of Suez and Gulf of Aqada offer diving, snorkeling, fishing and desert scenery The resorts along the Red Sea, Gulf of Suez and Gulf of Aqada offer diving, snorkeling, fishing and desert scenery Hurghada (one of the best established resort area, has beautiful crescent-shaped bay, rugged mountains, great beaches, offshore coral reef) Hurghada (one of the best established resort area, has beautiful crescent-shaped bay, rugged mountains, great beaches, offshore coral reef) Sinai Peninsula Sinai Peninsula Sharm el Sheikh (year-round resort area, offers deluxe accommodations, and water sports Sharm el Sheikh (year-round resort area, offers deluxe accommodations, and water sports </li> <li> Slide 22 </li> <li> Taba (expensive resort on the Israeli border, offers eater sports, tennis, nightclubs) Taba (expensive resort on the Israeli border, offers eater sports, tennis, nightclubs) Nuweiba (on the Gulf of Aqada, offers superb sand beaches and water sports) Nuweiba (on the Gulf of Aqada, offers superb sand beaches and water sports) </li> <li> Slide 23 </li> <li> The Sinai Desert East of the Suez Canal East of the Suez Canal Much more beautiful than the Western Desert which covers most of Egypt Much more beautiful than the Western Desert which covers most of Egypt Its terrain is rugged and rocky with dunes reaching Mediterranean Its terrain is rugged and rocky with dunes reaching Mediterranean Air and land tour are possible from Cairo and Eilat (the resort in Israel) Air and land tour are possible from Cairo and Eilat (the resort in Israel) </li> <li> Slide 24 </li> <li> Mt Horeb (believed to be Mt Sinai where Moses received the Ten Commandments) Mt Horeb (believed to be Mt Sinai where Moses received the Ten Commandments) St Catherines Monastery (has a large library of early Christian manuscripts and relics; built on the site of Moses burning bush) St Catherines Monastery (has a large library of early Christian manuscripts and relics; built on the site of Moses burning bush) </li> <li> Slide 25 </li> <li> Things to Remember heat and the amount of walking required to see the important attractions in Egypt may be bothering. Carrying a bottle of water around would be a good idea. heat and the amount of walking required to see the important attractions in Egypt may be bothering. Carrying a bottle of water around would be a good idea. traveling in a group may be much safer. traveling in a group may be much safer. </li> </ul>

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