CHAPTER 8 APPENDICULAR SKELETON - Untitled ?· APPENDICULAR SKELETON Appendicular skeleton upper “appendage”…

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<ul><li><p>APPENDICULAR SKELETON </p><p> Appendicular skeleton </p><p>upper appendage </p><p>pectoral girdle clavicle </p><p> scapula </p><p>upper extremity </p><p>lower appendage </p><p>pelvic girdle pelvis </p><p>lower extremity </p><p>pectoral girdle = scapula + clavicle </p><p>scapula </p><p> muscular attachment to rib cage </p><p> muscular attachment for UE </p><p> glenoid cavity (fossa) attach upper extremity </p><p> acromion process </p><p> coracoid process </p><p> spine of scapula </p><p> supraspinous and infraspinous fossa </p><p>clavicle </p><p> stabilizes scapula </p><p> articulates with manubrium </p><p>humerus </p><p>head articulate with glenoid cavity </p><p>greater tubercle muscle attachments </p><p>lesser tubercle muscle attachments </p><p>intertubercular groove </p><p>deltoid tuberosity muscle attachment </p><p>trochlea articulate with ulna </p><p>capitulum articulate with radius </p><p>medial , lateral epicondyles muscle attachments </p><p>coronoid fossa </p><p>olecranon fossa </p><p>ulna </p><p>olecranon muscle attachments </p><p>trochlear notch articulate with trochlea </p><p>coronoid process </p><p>radial notch articulate with radius </p><p>styloid </p><p>radius </p><p>head articulates with capitulum </p><p>radial tuberosity proximal radioulnar joint </p><p>styloid </p></li><li><p>wrist and hand </p><p>carpal bones </p><p> proximal row scaphoid </p><p> lunate </p><p> triquetrum </p><p> pisiform </p><p> distal row trapezium </p><p> trapezoid </p><p> capitate </p><p> hamate </p><p>metacarpals </p><p>phalanges </p><p>pelvic girdle </p><p>pelvis ilium </p><p> ischium </p><p> pubic bone </p><p>sacroiliac joint joint between ilium and sacrum </p><p>acetabulum articulate with femoral head </p><p>obturator foramen covered by fibrous c.t. </p><p> muscle attachments </p><p>protects pelvic organs </p><p>allow passage of infant </p><p>allow passage of infant </p><p>pelvic landmarks </p><p>ilium: iliac crest ala iliac fossa </p><p>ASIS AIIS </p><p>PSIS PIIS </p><p>greater sciatic notch </p><p>arcuate line </p><p>auricular surface </p><p>ischium: body and ramus </p><p>ischial spine </p><p>lesser sciatic notch </p><p>ischial tuberosity </p><p>pubis = pubic bone </p><p>superior and inferior ramus </p><p>pubic crest and tubercle </p><p>iliopectineal line </p><p>femur </p><p>head articulate with acetabulum </p><p>neck </p><p>greater trochanter muscle attachments </p><p>lesser trochanter muscle attachments </p><p>intertrochanteric crest and line </p><p>gluteal tuberosity attach gluteal muscle </p><p>linea aspera muscle attachments </p><p>patellar surface articulate with patella </p><p>condyles articulate with tibia </p><p>epicondyles muscle attachments </p><p>adductor tubercle muscle attachments </p></li><li><p>patella </p><p>sesamoid bone </p><p>within quadriceps tendon </p><p>increased leverage for knee extension </p><p>tibia </p><p>medial, lateral condyles articulate with femur </p><p> hold meniscus </p><p>tibial tuberosity muscle attachments </p><p>intercondylar eminence attach ligaments </p><p>medial malleolus supports ankle joint </p><p>fibula </p><p>head superior tibiofibular joint </p><p>lateral malleolus supports ankle joint </p><p>interosseous membrane stabilizes fibula </p><p> muscle attachments </p><p>ankle and foot </p><p>tarsal bones </p><p>talus </p><p>calcaneus </p><p>navicular </p><p>cuneiforms </p><p>cuboid </p><p>metatarsals </p><p>phalanges </p></li></ul>