chapter 6 teaching vocabulary (edited)
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- 1. NAMES OF GROUP Anna febrianti 201012500762 Intan sari 201012500767 Masyita rani 201012500767
- 2. CHAPTER 6: Teaching Vocabulary to Young Learners
- 3. GOALS Provide your own definition of vocabulary. Identify reason why vocabulary instruction is receiving more attention now than in the past. Describe some of basic principles of vocabulary development. Formulate vocabulary questions that help learners use higher- order thinking skills. Apply activities which can be used to promote vocabulary development.
- 4. WHAT IS VOCABULARY? Vocabulary is the collection of words that an individual knows. As a teacher, it is important that you include verbs, adjectives, adverbs, and preposition as a part of your vocabulary curriculum.
- 5. BACKGROUND TO THE TEACHING OF VOCABULARY Vocabulary development is an important aspect of language development and the research that has been conducted in recent years is very exciting. it is important to use both formal and informal vocabulary instruction that engages students cognitive skills and gives opportunities for the learners to actually use the words. (Mc Keown and Beck. 2003)
- 6. goal is for students to become word-savvy, to develop an understanding of how words work within the context of reading and writing, and to become excited about words as they learn to manipulate them in playful ways. (Brand, 2004. p.4)
- 7. PRINCIPLES FOR TEACHING VOCABULARY Emphasize both direct and inderect teaching Teach vocabulary words before a new activity Teach how to use context clues appropriately Present multiple exposures to new vocabulary items Give oppurtunities for deep processing of vocabulary items Teach students to use dictionaries Have students keep vocabulary notebooks
- 8. CLASSROOM TECHNIQUES AND ACTIVITIES Many different approaches and activities can be used to help children develop their vocabularies. Connecting vocabulary to young learners lives through personalization Word for the day Categories Scavenger hunt
- 9. Scavenger hunt Whats missing? Mystery words Concentration Vocabulary basket
- 10. VOCABULARY IN THE CLASSROOM Example 3 is from a preschool-kindergarten coursebook. It is used with five year old children. Each of the words would be interesting. And Example 4 pictures dictionaries can be a very valuable tool. And for this example 4 has two pages designed for 7-10 year old children with literacy skills. The children have been learning to read and write in English. Note that both nouns and verbs are included as part of the activity.
- 11. CONCLUSION Basic principles of vocabulary development that apply to school-age learners were then discussed. Finally, a number of different techniques were provided that can be used with word that are selected by the teacher as well student-selected items. These techniques and strategies can be used to enrich your oral and written English language program.
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