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Chapter 4 Section 5. Southeast Asia. Amanda York & Nina Humphrey. Southeast Asia is…. A place where different cultures have coexisted since the days of the Roman Empire. Dominant influences: India and China and adapted art from these influences - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Chapter 4 Section 5Southeast Asia Amanda York & Nina Humphrey

  • Southeast Asia is.

    A place where different cultures have coexisted since the days of the Roman Empire.

    Dominant influences: India and China and adapted art from these influences

    Coastal areas were Indianized in the first century.

    Hindu and Buddhist rulers developed a government called cult of the god-king.

    The king thought himself to be much like a Hindu god.

    The king was the main model for society.

    Climate is thick with forest, mountains and tropical heat.

    Home to widely diverse people.

    People speak over 250 dialects and languages.

  • Countries and ArtReview Question # 3List seven countries in Southeast Asia and a type of art created in each area.

    Cambodia- Khmer Art

    Laos- Religious Buddhist architecture.

    Thailand- Thai potters created cealadon glazes.

    Vietnam- Bronze weaponry, bronze utensils and royal objects

    Malaysia- Produced distinctive mosques

    Indonesia- Cosmic Mountain, Borobudur

    Java- Buddhist architecture

  • Dominating religion: Buddhism

    Intermixed with Hindu traditions.

    All images had a strictly Cambodian facial features.

    Ex. (fig. 4-54) Buddha Enthrone, 10th century. Khmer. Bronze. Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth, Texas.

    Here Buddha is placed with a creature in which devours and reproduces time

    Buddhist Influence affects mostly area of Burma, Thailand.

    Declined in Java with the fall of the Shailendras in 856.

    Dominated the cultures of Burma, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam.

    Chedis is a Buddhist Stupa

  • Thailand

    -Buddha is one of the most popular icons

    12th century-art and architecture was a high point.

    The first Thai Kingdom originated in the late 1200s at Sukothai.

    Architecture and sculpture ideas came from the Khmers and the Dvaravati kingdom.

    Large artwork of Buddha formed with clay, brick, and stucco and then covered with gold leaf.

    Thai potters created cealadon glaes.

    The covered box, (4-56) is an example of the designs and taste of the traditions of the Thais.

    Bangkok was Thai capital in 1782.Architecture blended Asian and European influences from western nations. The Royal Palace is a European influence.

  • Thailand TimelineC.550 AD-700 ADDvaravati Period

    C.700 AD-100 ADHindu-Javanese Style

    1022 AD-1250 ADCambodian

    1250 AD-1378 ADDominance, Sukhotia Period

    1378 AD-1767 ADAyuthia Period

  • Thailand stoneware Background: covered box. Sawankhaloke kilns, Thailand, 14-15 centuriesBottom Corner: Thailand stoneware, 15-16 centuries

  • Review Question # 4How does the Royal Palace in Bangkok combine the architecture of Thailand and the West?

    Ideas about architecture and sculpture came from the Khmers and remnants of the Dvaravati Kingdom.

    The Palace shows a European influence in the base, arches, columns and windows. The roof is distinctively Thai.

  • Cambodia

    Khmer empire was during the 800s.

    The greatest empire was during 12 & 13th century in now what is called Cambodia.

    Each Khmer ruler made his own national temple called a wat.

    Wats portray divine images of the ruler and then later served their mausoleums (tomb).

    Wats reflect Hindu influence in tall stone towers mounted with sculptures of local religious heroes.

    Examples of god-king templesAngkor Wat (fig. 4-52): built in 1150- Dedicated to VishnuTower Of Bayon, Angkor Thom, 12-13th centuries, Cambodia

    Features the head of King Jayavarman VII (fig. 4-53)

  • Angkor Wat Cambodia Located in northeast Cambodia capital of the Khmer (Cambodian) empire from the 9th to the 15th century AD in the period of the classic ear of Cambodia history

  • Cambodia TimelineC. 550 BC-150 BC Bronze age C. 150 BC-600 AD Dong Son Culture Funan (Bronze) 600 AD -802 AD Early Khmer Style Chen-la 802 AD-897 AD Koulen 877 AD-1002 AD First Angkor Period 1002 AD-1201 AD Second Angkor Period 1201 AD-1437 AD Siamese Dominance Sack of Angkor

  • Tower of Bayon TempleBuilt in the late 12th century to early 13th Built of sandstone Detraction possible due to rain, plants, and settlements

  • Review Question #1In what modern country was the Khmer empire located? Why did each Khmer ruler construct a wat?

    -Cambodia

    -Each Khmer ruler constructed a wat to perpetuate themselves and their power and also served as a tomb for when they die.

  • Indonesia

    Made up of five main islands

    Buddhism reached political height with the Shailendia Kingdom in the 9th century.

    7 wonders of the ancient world in the artificial cosmic-mountain known as Borodudor.

    BorobudorBass relief carvings, symbolically represent the cosmosThe low levels represent hell and eternal punishment. The images are very grotesque.The next five layers represent humanitys adventuresSculptures show body proportions, and movement of figures.

  • Buddha Enthroned

  • Borobudur A giant Buddhist monument constructed in the 9th century ADLocated in Indonesia There is a Buddha in each of the wells at Borobudur that is guarded by bells

  • Review Question # 2Describe Borobudur in Java. Why did the Shailendras cover the lower levels of this stupa with dirt ramparts?

    - BorobudorBass relief carvings, symbolically represent the cosmosThe low levels represent hell and eternal punishment. The images are very grotesque. Thats why they covered them.The next five layers represent humanitys adventuresSculptures show body proportions, and movement of figures.

  • Vietnam, Laos, Malaysia

    Vietnam became independent from China, then the Chinese influence carried over to Laos which resulted in Buddhist architecture.

    Thail and Lao traditions:Wat Xieng Thong is an example of culture blends.

    In 9th and 15th centuries Islam spread in Malaysia and IndonesiaMosques were producesBronze weaponry, bronze utensils and royal objects.Musicans played the gamelon: drums, wooden instruments and gongs all made with geometric abstract patterns.

    Portuguese, Dutch and British settlers arrived in Southeast Asia in 16th century.Incorporated western ideas into art and architecture.

    British and Dutch funded support for local sultansAs a result, they devoted much time reviving traditional art.

  • Wat Xieng ThongLocation: Prabang, LaosName means Temple of the Golden City Build c. 1560 by King Setthathirat

  • Review Question # 5What is an Indonesian batik? How is it made?

    Artists produced bronze weaponry and printed fabrics. These fabrics are called batik and made from wax stencil dyeing processes.

  • Review Question # 6Describe the instruments found in an Indonesian gamelon.

    Instruments found in Indonesia are: An orchestra of drums, wooden wind instruments and sets of bronze gongs. All highly ornamented with geometric and curvilinear abstract patterns.