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37 CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
This chapter discusses the Research design and method that is used in this study. The following topics are the research design, research locale, research respondents and sampling procedures, research instrument, statistical treatment.
The researchers have chosen a descriptive and quantitative type of research. The researchers used descriptive and quantitative research in order to gather sufficient and valuable data for the evaluation of the physical assessment of Safety and health of the employees/workers of Mindanao Container Terminal of Philippine Veterans Investment
Mindanao Container Terminal, PHIVIDEC otherwise known as the Tagoloan International Seaport, is a public owned & controlled corporation established in 1974 mandated by PD 538 of the Philippines which mandates to design a government-owned and controlled corporation and to identify and develop sites in the country as prospective industrial areas. PIA will equip these areas with the
38 necessary infrastructures to encourage the inflow of domestic and foreign investments. This study was conducted inside the terminal premises, with the total population of 117 workers on the month of February year 2009.
of the study were the sixty workers of Mindanao Container Terminal, Philippine
40 Veterans Investment Development Corporation who were employed during the month of February 2009. They were selected through the use of Slovins Formula. They were taken from the department of the administration building and of the departments of the terminal operations building identifiably the Port Operations Division
In the selection of the respondents, the following steps were followed: The total number of the workers of Mindanao Container Terminal, Philippine Veterans Investment Development Corporation was obtained from Mr. Gudufredo de Guzman, Head of the Resource Management Division of Mindanao Container Terminal, Philippine Veterans Investment Development Corporation of December 2008. The sample size was determined using the Slovins Formula. Random Sampling was done for the workers of Mindanao Container Terminal, Philippine Veterans Investment Development Corporation
Slovins Formula: n = sample size N = population size
41 e = desired margin of error (.09)
n = ___N___ 1 + Ne
n= __117__ 1+117(.09)
n= __117__ 1+.9477
60 respondents is to be the sample size
To get the number of sample of the workers as the respondents, the simple random sampling was used through the help of Mr. Gudufredo de Guzman, Head of the Resource Management Division. The selection of the respondents was done by random sampling to all the workers as respondents.
42 The permission to conduct the study was sought from the Head of the Resource Management Division. Upon his approval, the assistance of the employees of the company was extended.
The distribution and answering of the survey was determined by using the Slovins method. The researchers briefly explained the purpose of study.
The researchers also requested the respondents to answer the question honestly basing on their views on the Safety & Health status of Mindanao Container Terminal, Philippine Veterans Investment Development Corporation. After answering the questionnaire the researchers gathered all the data sheets and thanked the respondents, Mr. Gudufredo de Guzman & the employees of the Resource Management Division for their overwhelming cooperation.
Table 2 Number of Respondents No. of TOTAL Workers/Employees 117 No. of Respondents 60
Table 2 indicates the total number of employees employed during the month of December 2008. The total number of employees is One Hundred seventeen (117). With the calculation to get the number of respondents, Slovins Formula with a percentage error of zero point zero nine (.09) or nine percent (9%). The
43 number of respondents as the solution showed portrays the total number of respondents which is considered to be Sixty (60).
The World Health Organization (WHO) formulated family nursing care plan questionnaire & data sheets was adopted & the researchers used three different parts. Part one deals with the Biological & Socio-cultural factors. Part two tackles the environmental factors. Part three questions focus on respondents health & medical history.
The researchers used the descriptive and quantitative method, such as percentages employed to describe the variables in this study. Also the researchers used the randomly selected respondents to represent the total population and collected through stratified random sampling.