Chapter 24 Section 3 Nationalism

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Big Idea NATIONALISM WAS THE MOST POWERFUL IDEA OF THE 1800S. IT SHAPED NEW COUNTRIES AND SPLIT UP OLD ONES. IT FED THE DESIRE OF MOST GROUPS FREE OF THE RULE OF EMPIRES AND GOVERN THEMSELVES IN THEIR TRADITIONAL LANDS

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<p>Chapter 24Section 3 Nationalism Big Idea NATIONALISM WAS THE MOST POWERFULIDEA OF THE 1800S.IT SHAPED NEWCOUNTRIES AND SPLIT UP OLD ONES.ITFED THE DESIRE OF MOST GROUPS FREEOF THE RULE OF EMPIRES AND GOVERNTHEMSELVES IN THEIR TRADITIONALLANDS NATIONALISM SHAKES AGING EMPIRES<br />Austrian Empire IN 1866, EMPEROR FRANCIS JOSEPH SPLITAUSTRIA INTO TWO HALFS AND HE RULEDBOTH NATIONALIST DISPUTES WEAKENED IFFOR 40 YEARS WWI AUSTRIA HUNGARY BROKE INTOSEVERAL SEPARATE NATION-STATES Russian Empire Crumbles<br />NATIONALIST BROKE UP 370 YEARS OFCZAR CONTROL CZAR ALSO RULED OVER UKRAINIANS,POLES, LLITHUANIANS, LATVIANS,ESTONIANS, FINNS, JEWS, ROMANIANS,GEORGIANS, ARMENIANS, TURKS &amp;OTHERS Russification ROMANOV DYNASTY FORCED RUSSIANCULTURE ON ALL THE ETHNIC GROUPS INTHE EMPIRE. THIS ACTUALLY STRENGTHENED ETHNICNATIONALIST FEELING &amp; HELPED TODISUNIFY RUSSIA WWI &amp; COMMUNIST REVOLUTION TOOKSTRANGLEHOLD AND LAST ROMANOVCZAR GAVE UP POWER IN 1917 Ottoman Empire Weakens<br />TURKS RULED THE OTTOMAN EMPRIREAND CONTROLLED GREEKS, SLAVS, ARABS,BULGARIANS, &amp; ARMENIANS. OTTOMANS GRANTED EQUAL CITIZENSHIPTO ALL PEOPLE AFTER RECEIVINGPRESSURE FROM BRITISH AND FRENCH CONSERVATIVES WERE ANGERED BY THISAND EMPIRE SPLIT UP SHORTLY AFTERWWI Case Study: Italy ITALIANNATIONALISTSLOOKED FORLEADERSHIP FROMKINGDOM OFPIEDMONT-SARDINIA Camillo di Cavour NAMED PRIME MINISTER<br />FRENCH EMPEROR NAPOLEON III AGREEDTO HELP DRIVE AUSTRIA OUT OFNORTHERN ITALY IN 1858, FRENCH &amp; SARDINIAN ARMY WONTWO QUICK VICTORIES AND TAKINGNORTHERN ITALY, EXCEPT VENETIA. Giuseppe Garibaldi IN 1860, LED SMALL ITALIAN NATIONALISTIN SOUTH AND CAPTURED SICILY. KNOWN AS RED SHIRTS CAUSE HE ALWAYSWORE A BRIGHT RED SHIRT ALONG WITHHIS FOLLOWERS. UNITED SOUTHERN AREAS WITHKINGDOM OF PIEDMONT-SARDINIA &amp; WASRULED BY KING VICTOR EMMANUEL II IN 1866 AUSTRIAN PROVINCE OF VENETIA,WHICH INCLUDED CITY OF VENICEBECAME PART OF ITALY<br />1870, TOOK LAST PART OF TERRITORYKNOWN AS THE PAPAL STATES. CITY OF ROME CAME UNDER ITALIANCONTROL AND EVENTUALLY BECAMECAPITAL OF THE UNITED KINGDOME OFITALY. Case Study: Germany Prussia Leads German Unification<br />MAINLY GERMAN POPULATION NATIONALISM UNIFIED BERLIN RIOTERS FORCEDCONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION TO WRITEUP A LIBERAL CONSTITUTION HELPINGPAVE THE WAY OF UNIFICATION. Wilhelm 1861 WILHELM I SUCCEEDED FREDERICKWILLIAM TO THE THRONE DID NOT RECEIVE MONEY FOR REFORMFROM LIBERAL PARLIAMENT Junkers SUPPORTED WILHELM, STRONGCONSERVATIVE MEMBERS OF PRUSSIASWEALTHY LANDOWNING CLASS. Otto von Bismark CHOSEN AS WILHELMS PRIME MINISTER.<br />MASTER OF REALPOLITIK- MEANSPOLITICS OF REALITY WOULD RULE WITHOUTH CONSENTFROM PARLIAMENT OR LEGAL BUDGET. VIOLATED CONSTITUTION PARLIAMENT &amp; CONSTITUTION WOULDGROW WEAKER WHILE KING &amp; PRIMEMINISTER WOULD GROW STRONGER Prussia Expands 1864, PRUSSIA &amp; AUSTRIA FORMALLIANCE AND DEFECAT DENMARKAND GAIN NEIGHBORING PROVINCES Seven weeks War CONFLICT WITH AUSTRIA &amp; PRUSSIAOVER TERRITORY.PRUSSIA DESTROYSAUSTRIA GAINING MORE POWER &amp;TERRITORTY Franco-Prussian War FINAL STAGE IN GERMAN UNIFICATION&amp; ACCEPTED PRUSSIAN LEADERSHIP. Kaiser (Emporer) KING WILHELM I OF PRUSSIA ISCROWNED IN 1871 IN VERSAILLES,FRANCE. Shift in Power IN FIVE GREAT POWERS IN EUROPE- BRITAIN, FRANCE, AUSTRIA, PRUSSIA &amp;RUSSIA IN BRITAIN &amp; GERMANY (PRUSSIA)CLEARLY MOST POWERFUL MILITRILY &amp;ECONOMICALLY AUSTRIA &amp; RUSSIA WERE FAR BEHIND FRANCE STRUGGLED SOMEWHERE IN THEMIDDLE</p>