Chapter 24 A World In Flames Section 3 The Holocaust.

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Chapter 24 A World In Flames Section 3 The Holocaust Slide 2 Nazi Persecution of the Jews The Nazis killed nearly 6 million Jews and millions of other people during the Holocaust. The Hebrew term for the campaign to exterminate the Jews was Shoah. The Nazis persecuted anyone who opposed them, as well as the disabled, Gypsies, homosexuals, and Slovic peoples. Slide 3 The Nuremberg Laws Sept 1935 N.L. took citizenship away from Jewish Germans and banned marriage b/w Jews & other Germans. By 1936 at least half of Germanys Jews were jobless. Slide 4 European Ghettos Slide 5 Kristallnacht Nov 9, 1938 Anti-Jewish violence eruted throughout Germany and Austria known as Kristallnacht, or night of broken glass. 90 Jews died Hundreds injured Thousands of Jewish businesses destroyed. 180 synagogues were wrecked. Slide 6 Slide 7 Slide 8 Slide 9 Gestapo The following night, the Gestapo, the governments secret police, arrested at least 20,000 wealthy Jews, releasing them only if they emigrated and surrendered all their possessions. Slide 10 Hermann Goering Fined the Jewish community making them pay for the damage of Kristallnacht. Slide 11 Hermann Goering Slide 12 Jewish Refugees Try to Flee B/w 1933 and the beginning of WWII, about 350,000 Jews escaped Nazi- controlled Germany. Many went to the U.S., but most were trapped in Europe. Slide 13 The Final Solution Jan 20, 1942 Nazi leaders met at the Wannsee Conference to decide the final solution of the Jews and others. The plan was to round them up and take them to concentration camps detention centers where healthy individuals worked as slave laborers. The elderly, sick, and young were sent to extermination camps to be killed in gas chambers. Slide 14 Slide 15 Camps throughout Europe Slide 16 Slide 17 Crematorium in Lublin, Poland Slide 18 The following pictures are from Auschwitz Slide 19 Slide 20 Slide 21 The Black Wall, between Block 10 (left) and Block 11 (right) in the Auschwitz concentration camp, where executions of inmates took place. Slide 22 Emancipated child after WWII Slide 23 Suitcases of camp victims Slide 24 Slide 25 Medical experiments taken place at Auschwitz Slide 26 Josef Mengele Angel of Death Slide 27 Slide 28 Slide 29 A prisoner in a compression chamber loses consciousness (and later dies) during an experiment to determine altitudes at which aircraft crews could survive without oxygen. Slide 30 Tuberculosis experiment Slide 31 Slide 32 End of Section 3 Next: Section 4 America Enters the War

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