chapter 24 1939-45 world war ii. chapter 24 section 1  prelude to global war

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  • CHAPTER 24

    1939-45 World War II

  • Chapter 24 Section 1

    Prelude to Global War

  • I. Explain how Fascist and Nazi aggression led to war in Europe.

    Totalitarian 1) Government that controls every aspect of citizens lives2) Italy, Germany, and Soviet Union

    Fascism and Nazism1) Fascism is a philosophy that puts nation ahead of the individual

  • I. Explain how Fascist and Nazi aggression led to war in Europe.

    Fascism and Nazism2) Mussolini controls Italya) Used gangs of Fascist thugs to terrorize opponentsb) appointed Prime Ministerc) established a dictatorship

  • I. Explain how Fascist and Nazi aggression led to war in Europe.

    Fascism and Nazism3) Hitler rules Germanya) Like Mussolini, Hitler was enraged over WWI outcome and peace settlementb) National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi)c) Mein Kampf or My Struggle1. strengthen nations military2. expand borders3. purify Aryan race

  • I. Explain how Fascist and Nazi aggression led to war in Europe.

    Europe goes to war1) German and Italy later Japan Axis Powers2) German Empire Growsa) Rhineland successb) Annexed Austriac) Gained Sudetenland through appeasement keeping the peace by giving in to an aggressors demands *d) Invasion of Poland triggered WWIIe) Hitler signed treaty with Soviet Union

  • I. Explain how Fascist and Nazi aggression led to war in Europe.

    Europe goes to war3) Blitzkrieg and Sitzkriega) blitzkrieg lightening war into Polandb) sitzkrieg sit down war in Polandc) blitzkrieg Denmark and Norwayd) blitzkrieg Belgium, Netherlands, and France e) By 1940, Hitler controlled Western Europe

  • I. Explain how Fascist and Nazi aggression led to war in Europe.

    Europe goes to war4) Allies Great Britain led by Winston Churchill later U.S. and Soviet Union

    5) Battle of Britaina) France and Great Britain separated by 20 mile English Channelb) Luftwaffe German air forcec) 1,000 planes a day bombed Britaind) British withstood attack

  • II. List the reasons that made Japan eager to build an empire.

    Japan is located on a chain of small islandsLacked sufficient raw materials and marketsNeeded land for a growing populationSeized Manchuria in Northern ChinaBy 1940, Japan controlled Eastern ChinaSigned Tripartite Pact with Germany and ItalyNeutrality pact with Soviet Union

  • III. Describe the American response to the war in Europe and explain how the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor pulled the U.S. into the war.

    Japans action in Asia led to FDR building up the Navy in the Pacific and moving the American Pacific Fleet from California to HawaiiAmerica remain neutral1) Enough problems at homeAmerican Involvement Grows1) 1st peace-time draft using Selective Service 2) FDR win 3rd term for President3) Lend-lease ActAmerican policy of providing war supplies to Britain on credit

  • III. Describe the American response to the war in Europe and explain how the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor pulled the U.S. into the war.

    Japan attacks Pearl Harbor1) FDR froze Japans financial assets in U.S. and cut off all trade with Japan2) Gen. Hideki Tojo became Prime Minister3) December 7, 1941a) a date that will live in infamyb) from 7:00 9:45 A.M. the Japanese planes bombed and machine-gunnedc) 2,400 U.S. killed 1,200 wounded 300 planes damaged *18 warships sunk4) Three days laterGermany and Italy declare war on the U.S.

  • Chapter 24 Section 2The Road to Victory in Europe

  • I. Identify the various groups of Americans who mobilized to fight the war.

    Atlantic Charter agreement between Churchill and FDR on goals for the war

    G.I. war government issue

    Diversity1) Navajos code talkers2) Japanese Americans and African Americans troops fought in segregated units

    Women in the Armed Forces1) volunteered not involved in combat2) WASP, WAVES, and WAC

  • II. Understand how the Allied decision to begin fighting in North Africa and Italy affected war efforts in the Soviet Union.

    While Germany blitzkrieg Europe Gen. Erwin Rommel Desert Fox led Germany into North Africa

    Battle of the Atlantic1) German subs wolf pack attacked conveys2) Allies used sonar technology

    North Africa Campaign1) Americans led by Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower 2) Italians and Germans surrendered

  • II. Understand how the Allied decision to begin fighting in North Africa and Italy affected war efforts in the Soviet Union.

    Invasion of Italy

    1) American Gen. George S. Patton2) Within (2 Months) Mussolini was overthrown and a the new government surrendered3) Germans in Italy resisted and continued to fight causing significant causalities

  • II. Understand how the Allied decision to begin fighting in North Africa and Italy affected war efforts in the Soviet Union.

    War in the Soviet Union

    1) Hitler turned his focus onto the Soviet Union and broke his pact with Stalin2) German advancea) Soviets were unprepared for brutalityb) Soviets adopted scorched earth policyc) Stalin asked FDR for aidd) When German army drove and threatened major cities, Stalin urged his allies to attack Western Europe to divide Hitlers forces

  • II. Understand how the Allied decision to begin fighting in North Africa and Italy affected war efforts in the Soviet Union.

    War in the Soviet Union3) Battle of Stalingrada) Soviets made a standb) freezing conditionsc) turning point of the war on the Eastern front

    George Marshall

    1) Army Chief of Staff2) Called for an invasion of Western Europe

  • III. Show how the Allied invasion of Western Europe led to the end of the war in Europe.

    Air War1) Carpet bombing large number of bombs scattered over a wide area2) Soften Germany for Allied invasion

    Preparation for invasion Germany added machine guns, barbed wire, land mines

    D-Day1) June 6, 1944 largest land by sea invasion2) Allies crossed the English Channel to Normandy France3) Omaha Beach not a good location decision

  • III. Show how the Allied invasion of Western Europe led to the end of the war in Europe.

    Battle of the Bulge1) Point after which most Nazi leaders realized that the war was lost2) Germans fought desperately to save their homeland

    War Ends in Europe1) Soviets advanced all the way to Berlin 2) Germany Surrenders Hitler suicide???a) V-E Day Victory in Europe Day3) Yalta Conference allied meeting to plan for the postwar world

  • III. Show how the Allied invasion of Western Europe led to the end of the war in Europe.

    The Big Three FDR, Churchill, and Stalin

  • Chapter 24 Section 3The War in the Pacific

  • I. Summarize the Japanese advance in the Pacific in 1941-42 and describe Allied victories that turned the tide of the war.

    Hours after Pearl Harbor, the Japanese attacked Clark Field, an American air base in the Philippine Islands.

    Philippines Fall1) Gen. Douglas MacArthur was forced to leave the Philippine - I Shall Return2) Bataan Death March Americans that did not leave became prisoners of war

    War at Sea1) Battle of Coral Sea completely aircraft, prevented invasion of Australia

  • I. Summarize the Japanese advance in the Pacific in 1941-42 and describe Allied victories that turned the tide of the war.

    Allied Victories turn the Tide

    1) Battle of Midwaya) entirely fought from air Allied victoryb) Japanese were loading bombs onto their planes on the carriersc) Japan was unable to launch any more offensives

    2) Battle of Guadalcanala) Jungle warfare on the Solomon Islandsb) U.S. Marines

  • II. Describe the Allied struggle for the Pacific islands, including Iwo Jima and Okinawa.

    Island Hopping in the Pacific1) The island-hopping strategy allowed the Allies a position to bomb Japan.

    Philippines Campaign1) Gen. MacArthur People of the Philippines, I have Returned2) Battle of Leyte Gulfa) kamikazes suicide planesb) Japanese Navy virtually destroyed

  • II. Describe the Allied struggle for the Pacific islands, including Iwo Jima and Okinawa.

    Iwo Jima and Okinawa1) Battle of Iwo Jimaa) Volcanic island 700 miles from Japanb) Americans bombed from the air c) Marines suffered 25,000 casualties after the land invasiond) 27 Medals of Honor

  • II. Describe the Allied struggle for the Pacific islands, including Iwo Jima and Okinawa.

    Iwo Jima and Okinawa2) Battle of Okinawaa) Less than 350 miles from Japan last obstacle to secure position to bomb fromb) kamikazes fight to the deathc) banzai attacks designed to kill as many while dying

  • III. Describe the Manhattan Project and its effect in bringing an end to the war.

    Manhattan Project1) Project to develop an atomic bomb2) Began in 1939, Albert Einstein a Jewish physicist refuge from Nazis3) Enrico Fermi accomplished chain reaction