Chapter 24 1

Download Chapter 24 1

Post on 14-Jul-2015

136 views

Category:

Documents

2 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

<ul><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11 What Are Communicable Diseases? </p><p>When was the last time you had a cold?</p><p>How did you treat it?</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11Lesson Objectives </p><p> Identify the types of pathogens that cause communicable diseases</p><p> Describe the ways in which communicable diseases are spread</p><p> Develop strategies to help prevent communicable diseases</p><p>In this lesson, you will learn to:</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11Microorganisms and Communicable Diseases</p><p> Although most microorganismsliving things too small to be seen without a microscopeare harmless, a few can cause communicable diseases. </p><p> Knowing how communicable diseases spread can help you choose behaviors to reduce your risk of getting them.</p><p>What Are Communicable Diseases?</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11Pathogens</p><p> Common pathogens include certain viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoans, and rickettsias.</p><p> Pathogens cause diseases. </p><p> If the body is not able to fight off an infection, a disease develops.</p><p>Causes of Communicable Diseases</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11Diseases by Type of Pathogen</p><p>Causes of Communicable Diseases</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11Viruses</p><p> Viruses by themselves are inactivethey need living cells to reproduce. </p><p> After a virus penetrates a cell (called the host cell), the virus takes control of the cell to manufacture more viruses.</p><p> The new viruses burst from the cell, usually killing it, and take over other cells. </p><p> Viruses usually run their course and eventually are killed by the immune system. </p><p> Antibiotics do not work against viruses.</p><p>Causes of Communicable Diseases</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11Bacteria</p><p> Most bacteria are harmless, and many types are essential for life.</p><p> When bacteria enter the body, they multiply through cell division. </p><p> Some bacterial pathogens, such as the ones that cause tetanus, produce a toxin.</p><p> Bacteria are usually destroyed by the immune system.</p><p> Most bacterial diseases can be treated with antibiotics.</p><p>Causes of Communicable Diseases</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11Other Types of Pathogens</p><p> Fungi are plantlike organisms. Some types can cause diseases of the skin and diseases of the mucous membranes.</p><p> Protozoans are single-celled organisms that are larger and more complex than bacteria. </p><p> Rickettsias are pathogens that resemble bacteria. Often these organisms enter humans through the bites of insects.</p><p>Causes of Communicable Diseases</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11Transmission of Communicable Diseases</p><p>How Communicable Diseases Are Transmitted</p><p> Transmission can occur through direct and indirect contact and through breathing contaminated air.</p><p> If you know how they are spread, you can take precautions and avoid infection.</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11Direct Contact</p><p> Direct contact includes touching, biting, kissing, and sexual contact.</p><p> Sneezing and coughing can spray infectious droplets of saliva or mucus into a nearby persons eyes, nose, or mouth. </p><p> A pregnant female may also transmit an infection to her unborn child through the placenta.</p><p>How Communicable Diseases Are Transmitted</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11Indirect Contact</p><p> Contaminated objects: Inanimate objects can become contaminated with infectious discharges or secretions. </p><p> Vectors: Common vectors include flies, mosquitoes, and ticks. Lyme disease and malaria are spread by vectors.</p><p> Water and food: Careless handling and storage of food and water supplies that become contaminated with human or animal feces are major sources of contamination and illness.</p><p>How Communicable Diseases Are Transmitted</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11Airborne Transmission</p><p> Airborne transmission is different from direct contact because the pathogens dont settle quickly on surfaces. </p><p> You dont have to be close to an infected person to inhale the pathogens. </p><p> Diseases that are transmitted this way include chicken pox, tuberculosis, and influenza.</p><p>How Communicable Diseases Are Transmitted</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11Washing Hands</p><p> Handwashing is the single most effective strategy for preventing the spread of disease.</p><p> Wash your hands before you prepare food, before you eat, and after you use the bathroom. </p><p> Make it a habit to wash your hands after handling animals (especially reptiles) or animal wastes. </p><p> When someone in your home is ill, keep hands clean to prevent the spread of pathogens.</p><p>Strategies for Preventing Communicable Disease</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11Handling Food Properly</p><p> Foodborne illness occurs in places where food is handled improperly. </p><p> Always wash your hands before you handle food.</p><p> Use paper towels, not dishcloths or sponges, to keep surfaces and equipment clean.</p><p> Separate raw meat from other foods. Cook food to its proper temperature.</p><p> Chill cold and leftover foods quickly to the proper temperature.</p><p>Strategies for Preventing Communicable Disease</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11Other Prevention Strategies</p><p>Avoid sharing eating utensils, makeup, combs and brushes, and other personal items.</p><p>Avoid unnecessary contact with people who are ill. </p><p>Cover your mouth when you cough or sneeze. </p><p>Be sure you are vaccinated against particular diseases as recommended by your physician. </p><p>Practice abstinence from sexual activity.</p><p>Learn to manage stress.</p><p>Strategies for Preventing Communicable Disease</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11Quick Review</p><p>Q. Which of the following is NOT a type of common pathogen and the disease it causes?</p><p>1. Viruses: influenza, bacteria, tuberculosis</p><p>2. Cortex: pathenogens, bacteria, cirrhosis</p><p>3. Fungi: athletes foot, protozoans, malaria</p><p>4. Rickettsias: typhus, bacteria, tuberculosis</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11</p><p>Click Next to attempt another question.</p><p>A. 2. Cortex: pathenogens, bacteria, cirrhosisTypes of common pathogens and the diseases they cause do NOT include cortexpathenogens, bacteria, cirrhosis.</p><p>Quick Review - Answer</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11Quick Review</p><p>Q. Pathogens can spread through direct and indirect contact and through breathing contaminated air. Which of the following is NOT a habit you can adopt to limit their spread?</p><p>1. Washing your hands</p><p>2. Inspecting your throat for redness and mucus</p><p>3. Covering your mouth when you cough or sneeze</p><p>4. Being sure you are vaccinated against particular diseases as recommended by your physician</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11</p><p>Click Next to attempt another question.</p><p>A. 2. Inspecting your throat for redness and mucusPathogens can spread through direct and indirect contact and through breathing contaminated air. Habits that can be adopted to limit their spread does NOT include inspecting your throat for redness and mucus. </p><p>Quick Review - Answer</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11Quick Review</p><p>Q. Your risk of getting a communicable disease is less if you1. eat a balanced diet.</p><p>2. participate in regular physical activity.</p><p>3. avoid the use of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs.</p><p>4. All of the above</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11</p><p>Click Next to attempt another question.</p><p>A. 4. All of the aboveYour risk of getting a communicable disease is less if you eat a balanced diet; participate in regular physical activity; avoid the use of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs. </p><p>Quick Review - Answer</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11Quick Review</p><p>Q. The fungus that causes athletes foot lives in warm, moist places. It is a pathogen that can be easily caught at the gym or in communal showers.</p><p>Choose the appropriate option.</p><p>True</p><p>False</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11</p><p>A. True. The fungus that causes athletes foot lives in warm, moist places. It is a pathogen that can be easily caught at the gym or in communal showers.</p><p>Quick Review - Answer</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11</p><p>End of Lesson 1</p><p>Click Home to view the Main menu.</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11</p><p>A. Correct! Types of common pathogens and the diseases they cause do NOT include: cortexpathenogens, bacteria, cirrhosis.</p><p>Quick Review - Answer</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11</p><p>You have answered the question incorrectly. Go back to try again, or click Next to view the correct answer.</p><p>Quick Review - Answer</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11</p><p>A. Correct! Pathogens can spread through direct and indirect contact and through breathing contaminated air. Habits that can be adopted to limit their spread does NOT include: inspecting your throat for redness and mucus. </p><p>Quick Review - Answer</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11</p><p>You have answered the question incorrectly. Go back to try again, or click Next to view the correct answer.</p><p>Quick Review - Answer</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11</p><p>A. Correct! Your risk of getting a communicable disease is less if you do all of the following: eat a balanced diet; participate in regular physical activity; avoid the use of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs. </p><p>Quick Review - Answer</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11</p><p>You have answered the question incorrectly. Go back to try again, or click Next to view the correct answer.</p><p>Quick Review - Answer</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11</p><p>A. Correct! The fungus that causes athletes foot lives in warm, moist places. It is a pathogen that can be easily caught at the gym or in communal showers.</p><p>Quick Review - Answer</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11</p><p>You have answered the question incorrectly. Go back to try again, or click Next to view the correct answer.</p><p>Quick Review - Answer</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11</p><p> Although most microorganismsliving things too small to be seen without a microscopeare harmless, a few can cause communicable diseases. </p><p> Knowing how communicable diseases spread can help you choose behaviors to reduce your risk of getting them.</p><p>Microorganisms and Communicable Diseases</p><p> A communicable disease is a disease that is spread from one living thing to another or through the environment.</p><p> A communicable disease is a disease that is spread from one living thing to another or through the environment.</p><p>What Are Communicable Diseases?</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11Pathogens</p><p> Common pathogens include certain viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoans, and rickettsias.</p><p> Pathogens cause diseases. </p><p> If the body is not able to fight off an infection, a disease develops.</p><p> A pathogen is an organism that causes disease.</p><p> A pathogen is an organism that causes disease.</p><p>Causes of Communicable Diseases</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11Pathogens</p><p> Common pathogens include certain viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoans, and rickettsias.</p><p> Pathogens cause diseases. </p><p> If the body is not able to fight off an infection, a disease develops.</p><p> An infection is a condition that occurs when pathogens enter the body, multiply, and damage body cells.</p><p> An infection is a condition that occurs when pathogens enter the body, multiply, and damage body cells.</p><p>Causes of Communicable Diseases</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11Pathogens</p><p> Common pathogens include certain viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoans, and rickettsias.</p><p> Pathogens cause diseases. </p><p> If the body is not able to fight off an infection, a disease develops.</p><p> A virus is a piece of genetic material that invade living cells to reproduce.</p><p> A virus is a piece of genetic material that invade living cells to reproduce.</p><p>Causes of Communicable Diseases</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11Pathogens</p><p> Common pathogens include certain viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoans, and rickettsias.</p><p> Pathogens cause diseases. </p><p> If the body is not able to fight off an infection, a disease develops.</p><p> Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms.</p><p> Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms.</p><p>Causes of Communicable Diseases</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11Bacteria</p><p> Most bacteria are harmless, and many types are essential for life.</p><p> When bacteria enter the body, they multiply through cell division. </p><p> Some bacterial pathogens, such as the ones that cause tetanus, produce a toxin.</p><p> Bacteria are usually destroyed by the immune system.</p><p> Most bacterial diseases can be treated with antibiotics.</p><p> Toxin is a substance that kills cells or interferes with their functions.</p><p> Toxin is a substance that kills cells or interferes with their functions.</p><p>Causes of Communicable Diseases</p>file:///Ch24Resources.ppt</li><li><p>Lesson Lesson 11</p><p> Contaminated objects: Inanimate objects can become contaminated with infectious discharges or secretions. </p><p> Vectors: Common vectors include flies, mosquitoes, and ticks. Lyme disease and malaria are spread by vectors.</p><p> Water and food: Careless handling and storage of food and water supplies that become contaminated with human or animal feces are major sources of contamination and illness.</p><p>Indirect Contact</p><p> Vector is an organism, usually an arthropod, such as a tick, thatcarries and transmits pathogens to humans or other animals.</p><p> Vector is an organism, usually an arthropod, such as a tick, thatcarries and transmits pathogens to humans or other animals.</p><p>How Communicable Diseases Are Transmitted</p>file:///Ch24Resources.pptWhat Are Communicable Diseases?Lesson ObjectivesWhat Are Communicable Diseases?Causes of Communicable DiseasesSlide 5Slide 6Slide 7Slide 8How Communicable Diseases Are TransmittedSlide 10Slide 11Slide 12Strategies for Preventing Communicable DiseaseSlide 14Slide 15Quick ReviewQuick Review - AnswerSlide 18Slide 19Slide 20Slide 21Slide 22Slide 23End of Lesson 1Slide 25Slide 26Slide 27Slide 28Slide 29Slide 30Slide 31Slide 32Slide 33Slide 34Slide 35Slide 36Slide 37Slide 38Slide 39</li></ul>