chapter 22 section 3 expanding interests in asia and latin america

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Chapter 22 Section 3 Expanding Interests in Asia and Latin America

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  • Chapter 22Section 3Expanding Interests in Asia and Latin America

  • A Power in the PacificIn 1850s, Commodore Perry opened Japan to Western trade and culture. 1854-under threat of force Japan signed a treaty giving American ships access to its ports1890s Japan defeated China.sphere of influence area where foreign nations claimed special rights and economic privileges.

  • The U.S. and China1890s; many European countries and Japan established prosperous settlements along the coast of China.U.S. (John Hays) proposed Open Door Policy: No single country should have a monopoly on trade with China.Chinese against foreigners; Boxer Rebellion uprising of Chinese against foreigners.

  • America secures the Philippines1902- U.S. put down the independence movement in the Philippines.Philippines would provide a path to Chinese markets.U.S. controlled a chain of islands in the Pacific; Hawaii and Guam. (pg. 704-705)

  • U.S. Interests in Latin AmericaPanama Canal needed a connection between the Atlantic and Pacific.U.S. supported a revolution in Panama to secure rights for the canal.Eventually paid (1921) Colombia $25 million.

  • Panama Canalin the makingConstruction began in 1906; finished 1914.44,000 workers.Cost $350-$380 million to build.More than 5,500 died of disease and accidents.Malaria an infectious disease marked by cycles of chills and fever.

  • Panama Canal continuesPresident Roosevelt-first U.S. President to leave the United States while President. -the Panama Canal on August 15, 1914. The canal today still helps move people and goods all around the world.

  • U.S. Involvement in Latin AmericaBusinesses wanted resources from the South; bananas, coffee, copper. Sell at higher prices in the U.S. Land for farming and mining.Theodore Roosevelt reminded Europe of the Monroe Doctrine: the policy that barred European nations from intervening in Latin AmericaAdded the Roosevelt Corollary authorizing U.S. to police the region; would intervene in Latin Americas domestic affairs if necessary.