chapter 2 section 2 egypt. egypt modern day egyptancient egypt

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  • Chapter 2 Section 2Egypt

  • Egypt Modern Day EgyptAncient Egypt

  • Geography & ClimateNile River ValleyFertile SoilUpstream WindsSunny & Frost-FreeDesert & Sea = Natural Protection

  • Canal on Nile Flood PlainFelucca Boats

  • ReligionPolytheistic - Sun gods & Land godsAfterlifePharaohs- gods on earth

  • EconomyTrade over Isthmus of Suez into Middle EastTravel by sea or caravanTrade Surplus Food- Wheat, Barley, Flax, CottonPeasants farm and give crops for rent & taxes

  • Menes-3200 B.C.E.Unites Upper and Lower Egypt into one kingdom-crushes rebellion= prosperityFounds 1st of 30 dynastiesReligious & Political Leader

  • Menes Conquering Lower Egypt

  • Old KingdomMiddle KingdomNew KingdomDates & DurationWhen/How long did it last- # of yearsAdvancements/AccomplishmentsInternal Power Structure Who had power? Was anyone gaining or losing power?Reason for declineWhy did it end?

  • Old KingdomMiddle KingdomNew KingdomDates & DurationAbout 500 years2700-2200 B.C.E.About 405 years2055-1650 B.C.E.About 480 years1550-1070 B.C.E.Advancements/accomplishmentsGreat Pyramid for King KhufuPharaohs make public works projects to help people/conquered nubiaPharaohs extend territory to land along Mediterranean Sea & to Nubia Empire beginsInternal Power Structure Pharaoh rule butBureaucracy helpsPharaohs ruled, but were weakened by nobles and priestsPharaohs had absolute power for a timeLocal governors- sons & bros to ThebesReason for declinePower StrugglesdisorderPower Struggles = Invasion of HyksosFrom Asia w/ ChariotsInvaders- Nubia, Persia, Assyria & Revolt

  • End of the Old Kingdom-Relief showing men, women, and children suffering from the effects of severe famine

  • PHARAOHS CROWNED WITH SHEPHERDS CROOK AND FLAILThe Middle Kingdom was characterized by a new concern of the pharaohs for the people. In the Old Kingdom, the pharaoh had been viewed as an inaccessible god-king. Now he was portrayed as the shepherd of his people.

  • Tutankhamen- Boy KingPolytheism comes backTomb found 1922

    http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/11/photogalleries/king_tut/

  • Pharaohs of the New KingdomHatshepsut- c. 1503-1482 B.C.E.- Female, ruled after husband Thutmose II died- Married to half brother- Almost erased from history by stepson

  • New Kingdom PharaohsAmenhotep IV- 1380-1362 B.C.E.Not a good leaderChanged religion to monotheism temporarilyAten the sun god worshippedCapital from Thebes to AketatonChanges name to Akhenaton he who is pleasing to Aten

  • Ramses II- 1279-1213 B.C.E.Last strong pharaoh before declineGreat temples and monuments Wages war against invaders- Hittites

  • Egypt after declineDominated by outsiders & finally Macedonia and Alexander the GreatCleopatra VII tries to get back independence, but fails and Rome takes over in the 1st century B.C.

  • Egyptian Social ClassesIn your notes draw a pyramid and label it. Use the information on p.41

  • Daily LifeMarriageMarried young and arrangedChildren especially males valuedRoles of Men and WomenMen in charge butWomen could own property and inheritances Could own businesses4 Women Pharaohs

  • WritingHieroglyphics vs. Hieratic ScriptUpper class boys train to be scribes starting at age 10Rosetta Stone

  • Art & ScienceCalculate area and volumeAccurate 365 day calendarEmbalming Medical knowledge- splints, bandages, treatments for disease

    ***Granite, Limestone & Sandstone Deposits**Black Lands= fertile Red= Desert**************Libyans Nubians Macedonians*Pharaoh-Nobles/Priests-Merchants/Artisans-Lower Class Peasants and Farmers (most people) & Slaves

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