Chapter 16 Guided Notes - AP World 16 Guided... · CHAPTER 16 GUIDED NOTES Name: Period: CULTURE AND…

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  • CHAPTER 16 GUIDED NOTES Name: Period: LEARNING TARGETS After studying this chapter you should be able to:

    1. Show how the religious reformation and dynastic rivalries further divided the people of Europe at a time when greater unity seemed desirable.

    2. Describe how royal centralization increased the unity and power of Spain, France, and England.

    3. Understand how state policies with regard to economic growth and military reorganization, warfare, and diplomacy enabled northern European countries to move ahead of Spain.

    4. Analyze the relationships among climate change, human-induced environmental change, and social change in Europe.

    5. Understand the ways in which witch-hunts, the Scientific Revolution, and the Enlightenment reflected different European views of the natural world and of human society.

    VOCABULARY

    Term Definition Where

    Renaissance

    papacy

    indulgence

    Protestant Reformation

    Catholic Reformation

    witch-hunt

    Scientific Revolution

    joint-stock company

    Mr. Gessaman - Revised 1/30/15

  • CHAPTER 16 GUIDED NOTES Name: Period:

    stock exchange

    gentry

    Little Ice Age

    deforestation

    Holy Roman Empire

    Habsburg

    English Civil War

    Versailles

    balance of power

    Term Definition Where

    Mr. Gessaman - Revised 1/30/15

  • CHAPTER 16 GUIDED NOTES Name: Period: CULTURE AND IDEAS Add specific information detailing the causes and effects of changing cultures and ideas.

    Mr. Gessaman - Revised 1/30/15

    Enlightenment Ideas Develop

    Martin Luther Challenges the Church

    Witch Hunts

    Europeans Study the Writings of the Greeks and Romans

    These new ideas were suppressed by Protestant and Catholic Leaders

    Cause Effect

  • CHAPTER 16 GUIDED NOTES Name: Period: SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC LIFE

    Roles in Society? Changes During This Period?

    The Bourgeoisie

    Peasants and Laborers

    Women and Family

    Mr. Gessaman - Revised 1/30/15

  • CHAPTER 16 GUIDED NOTES Name: Period: POLITICAL INNOVATIONS What forces unified and separated states in the early 16th century?

    Compare the Monarchies in England and France

    How did warfare change in the 15th and 16th Centuries?

    England France

    Mr. Gessaman - Revised 1/30/15

  • CHAPTER 16 GUIDED NOTES Name: Period: Just a couple of things to remember during this time period in Europe:

    The religious reformations combined with the Scientific Revolution led the way for the Enlightenment, an age of reason, and the movement to apply newly discovered natural laws to social behavior.

    Foreign and domestic trade spawned rapid growth in European cities and the rise of a wealthy commercial class, with Amsterdam in the Netherlands the most vivid example. Agricultural improvements increased production but the Little Ice Age and increased mining of forests caused more difficulties for the poor.

    The Holy Roman Empire declined in strength from religious fragmentation while Spain and France increased centralized power. The English increased naval power and established direct taxation and a central bank, making the nation stronger financially than other European powers.

    REFLECT Write a thesis paragraph for an essay answering each of the following questions.

    In what different ways did climate change and environmental degradation affect European societies during the period 15001750?

    Compare the long-term political effects of the Protestant Reformation on France, Spain, and England.

    Mr. Gessaman - Revised 1/30/15

  • CHAPTER 16 GUIDED NOTES Name: Period: What role did governments play in the development of the Western European economy?

    What factors spurred technological development during this period? Were there particular conditions that favored technological innovation for some groups over others?

    Analyze and discuss the significance of the differences between absolutism and constitutionalism.

    In what ways did the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment challenge the intellectual and political status quo in early modern Europe?

    Mr. Gessaman - Revised 1/30/15

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