chapter 14-section 2-3 notes

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    The American

    Expeditionary Force May 1918- Americans sent to Europe

    July 1918- 85,000 Americans help

    defend Paris August 1918- 500,000 Americans

    under the command of John J.Pershing enter the war

    September 1918- 1.25 millionAmericans were fighting in France

    November 1918- War ends

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    The American

    Expeditionary ForceAmericans made an immediate

    impact upon the Allied war effort

    Although their arrival was late,they made the difference thatdecided the war

    US casualties- 50,280 menVery little compared to the rest of

    the Allied nations

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    The Home Front-

    Shipbuilding Program US navy was in better shape than

    the army thanks to TR

    US government contracted for 10million tons of ships and builtshipyards to construct them

    US used the convoy system tocross the Atlantic to protectthemselves against the German

    subs

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    The Home Front-

    Mobilizing Money Expenses and loans for the war ran

    into the billions of dollars

    $23 billion for US war effort alone

    $10 billion for Allied loans

    US government used taxes and loansto pay for these expenses

    Government taxes brought in $10.5 billion

    Government bonds brought in $23 billion

    Liberty Loans and Victory Loans

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    The Home Front-

    Government Intervention Some private businesses were

    taken over by the government

    Transportation Railroads

    Railway express systems

    Inland waterway systems Communications

    Telephone, telegraph, and cablecompanies

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    The Home Front-

    Government Intervention Council of Defense

    National food-control program

    Run by Herbert Hoover Conducted the Belgian War Relief

    Program

    Broad powers over the production

    and distribution of food, fuel,fertilizer, and farm machinery

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    The Home Front-

    Government Intervention Food Administration

    Run by Herbert Hoover

    Voluntary wheatless, meatless, heatlessdays

    Urged the planting of war gardens

    Prices on farm crops were set higher toencourage farmers to grow more

    Use of grain to make beverage alcohol wasbanned

    Coal was rationed for home use

    Fuel and food output rose, while home

    consumption decreased

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    The Home Front-

    Government Intervention The War Industries Board

    Run by Bernard M. Baruch

    Wall Street Financier

    Decided what goods to produce

    Set prices for government purchases

    of supplies Increased production

    Decreased waste

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    The Home Front-

    Labor Force Women

    1 million women filled the labor gap left by

    the 4 million enlisted men False hope for womens rights and equality

    Women were asked to be patriotic and allowthe returning soldiers to have their jobs back

    Minorities

    African-Americans moved north to takeadvantage of the availability of jobs

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    The Home Front-

    Labor Force US Employment Service

    Helped to fill essential jobs in vital

    industries

    National War Labor Board

    Created to arbitrate labor disputesduring war time

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    The Home Front-

    War Propaganda Committee on Public Information

    The Creel Commission Run by journalist George Creel

    Assigned to sell the war to America

    Published a daily Official Bulletin

    To convince and to reassure Americansthat the war was a crusade for freedom

    and democracy Results of the War Propaganda

    Stirred up spy scares and a frantic hunt fortraitors

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    The Home Front-

    Civil Liberties Attacked Espionage Act

    President was given powers of

    censorship

    Enacted heavy penalties againstanyone who handed out info

    about any place connected withthe national defense

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    The Home Front-

    Civil Liberties Attacked Trading with the Enemy Act

    US newspapers that printedin a foreign language had tosubmit English versions for

    inspection

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    The Home Front-

    Civil Liberties Attacked The Sedition Act

    Imposed penalties onanyone who used disloyal,profane, scurrilous, or

    abusive language about theUS government, flag, oruniform

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    The Home Front-

    First Amendment Restrictions

    Results of Decreased Civil Liberties

    Citizens who disagreed in any way with

    the government were harassed Industrial Workers of the World (IWW)

    were relocated from Arizona to NewMexico where they were interned

    Socialist Eugene V. Debs was sentenced tojail for ten years for denouncing the war

    Ran for the presidency while in jail in 1920

    Released in 1921