Chapter 12: South Asia Environmental Geography. South Asia Reference

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Chapter 12: South Asia Environmental Geography </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> South Asia Reference </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> South Asia South Asia is a land of political tensions Tensions between India and Pakistan Growing population South Asia could soon surpass East Asia in population One of the poorest regions on Earth Not well-connected to the globalized world Slow economic growth and inward orientation </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> Environmental Geography: Diverse Landscapes, from Tropical Islands to Mountain Rim Environmental Issues in South Asia 1984 explosion at Bhopal fertilizer plant Natural Hazards in Bangladesh Flooding in the Ganges and Brahmaputra river deltas </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> Ganges Delta largest </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Dhaka flooding 2004 </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Environmental Issues Cyclones (hurricanes) mostly Bangladesh Delta at sea level Clobbered by cyclones 60 since 1900 1991 The Big One 140,000 dead 150 mph wind 20 ft. wave Factor in poverty cycle </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Bangladesh cyclone </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> Bangladesh cyclone damage -1991 </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Bangladesh cyclone damage 1991 rice paddies </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> Bangladesh cyclone damage 1991 back flips off water buffalo </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> Bangladesh cyclone damage </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> Recent monsoons in India Sept. 2011 50 people died in monsoon related floodingSept. 2011 50 people died in monsoon related flooding September 2005 - http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/4727 763.stmhttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/4727 763.stm </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> Environmental issues Forests and Deforestation Historically, Ganges Valley and coastal plains of India deforested for agriculture Deforestation (agricultural, urban, and industrial expansion, RR) Fuel wood shortage (dung) </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> Environmental Geography: Diverse Landscapes, from Tropical Islands to Mountain Rim (cont.) Environmental Issues in South Asia (cont.) Forests and Deforestation (cont.) Chipko movement started as a womens protest movement against deforestation and now has spread throughout many Himalayan villages </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> Environmental Issues Wildlife: Extinction and Protection Region has managed to maintain a diverse wildlife population Increasing population pressure in wildlife habitats </li> <li> Slide 17 </li> <li> Indian Tiger -200 people killed/injured in 5 year period </li> <li> Slide 18 </li> <li> The Four Subregions of South Asia 1) Mountains of the North Collision of Indian Subcontinent with Eurasian landmass 200 million years ago Himalayan Range and others Still moving (plate tectonics) 1 inch a year Earthquake zone </li> <li> Slide 19 </li> <li> Himalayas India, Nepal and Bhutan 1500 miles long Home of the Gods 24 peaks over 25,000 ft. Mt.Everest (29,028 ft.) </li> <li> Slide 20 </li> <li> Everest </li> <li> Slide 21 </li> <li> 1953 Nepal Sir Edmund Hillary &amp; Tenzing Norgay climb Everest </li> <li> Slide 22 </li> <li> South Asia Physical </li> <li> Slide 23 </li> <li> The Four Subregions of South Asia (cont.) 2) Indus-Ganges-Brahmaputra Lowlands Large lowlands created by three major river systems Indus longest, 1800 miles- cultural hearth Brahmaputra -1700 miles, delta mostly densely populated in world, fertile land, Ganges 1500 miles, transportation system, densely populated, Holy river for Hindus </li> <li> Slide 24 </li> <li> Ganges River </li> <li> Slide 25 </li> <li> 3) Peninsular India Deccan Plateau Makes up most of peninsular India Western Ghats, Eastern Ghats (6,000 ft, to 8,000 ft. high) 4) The Southern Islands Sri Lanka Maldives chain of more than 1,200 islands, 75% uninhabited Only 116 square miles total 6 ft. highest elevation Threatened by global warming </li> <li> Slide 26 </li> <li> Deccan Plateau </li> <li> Slide 27 </li> <li> South Asias Monsoon Climates Monsoon the distinct seasonal change of wind direction, which corresponds with wet and dry periods Three South Asian seasons: Warm and rainy season from June to October Cool and dry season November to February Hot period from March to late May (120 F) Drier conditions in Pakistan Crops depend on Monsoon rains </li> <li> Slide 28 </li> <li> South Asian Monsoon </li> <li> Slide 29 </li> <li> Monsoon pictures </li> <li> Slide 30 </li> <li> Slide 31 </li> <li> Slide 32 </li> <li> Slide 33 </li> </ul>