chapter 03 = present simple

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  1. 1. T eacher R esource D isc Slide shows for use with PowerPoint presentation software B etty Schram pfer Azar Stacy A. H agen L aurette Poulos Sim m ons Copyright 2007 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  2. 2. CONTENTS 3-1 Form and basic meaning of the simple present tense 3-2 Using frequency adverbs: always, usually, often, 3-3 Other frequency expressions 3-4 Using frequency adverbs with be 3-5 Spelling and pronunciation of final -es 3-6 Adding final -s/-es to words that end in -y 3-7 Irregular singular verbs: has, does, goes 3-8 Spelling and pronunciation of final -s/-es 3-9 The simple present: negative 3-10 The simple present: yes/no questions 3-11 The simple present: asking information questions with where 3-12 The simple present: asking information questions with when 3-13 Summary: information questions with be and do
  3. 3. 3 She walks. 3-1 FORM AND BASIC MEANING OF THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
  4. 4. 4 SINGULAR PLURAL 1st PERSON I walk we walk 2nd PERSON you walk you walk she walks he walks it walks they walk 3-1 FORM AND BASIC MEANING OF THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE 3rd PERSON
  5. 5. 5 (a) I eat lunch every afternoon. (b) Max drives to work every day. (c) We get up every morning. (d) Kyle calls Mimi every weekend. Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday M T W Th F Sat S 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 3-1 FORM AND BASIC MEANING OF THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE HABITS = USUAL ACTIVITIES
  6. 6. 6 We _____ television every day. watch watches watch 3-1 Lets Practice
  7. 7. 7 He _______ television every day. watch watches watches 3-1 Lets Practice
  8. 8. 8 We ____ lunch at 12:00. eat eats eat 3-1 Lets Practice
  9. 9. 9 Jara _____ a walk in the morning.takes take takes 3-1 Lets Practice
  10. 10. 10 My friend ____ her horse every day. ride rides rides 3-1 Lets Practice
  11. 11. 11 They always drink tea with lunch. 3-2 USING FREQUENCY ADVERBS: ALWAYS, USUALLY, OFTEN, SOMETIMES, SELDOM, RARELY, NEVER
  12. 12. 12 (d) Tia sometimes eats lunch at school. (c) Josh often eats hamburgers. 100% (a) Mary always eats lunch at school. 90%- 99% (b) Mary usually eats lunch at school. 75%- 90% 25%- 75% 5%- 10% 1%- 10% 0% (e) Tia seldom eats lunch at school. (f) Eva rarely washes her car. (g) Jay never goes to the zoo. frequency adverbs 3-2 USING FREQUENCY ADVERBS: ALWAYS, USUALLY, OFTEN, SOMETIMES, SELDOM, RARELY, NEVER
  13. 13. 13 Talia _______ feeds her dog. Sun.Mon.Tues. Wed.Thurs. Fri. Sat. always 3-2 Lets Practice always usually often sometimes seldom rarely never
  14. 14. 14 always usually often sometimes seldom rarely never Jara ______ watches TV. Sun.Mon. Tues.Wed. Thurs.Fri. Sat. seldom 3-2 Lets Practice
  15. 15. 15 always usually often sometimes seldom rarely never Luke _______ cooks dinner. usually Sun.Mon. Tues.Wed. Thurs.Fri. Sat. 3-2 Lets Practice
  16. 16. 16 always usually often sometimes seldom rarely never Moussad _________ cooks dinner. sometimes Sun.Mon. Tues.Wed. Thurs. Fri. Sat. 3-2 Lets Practice
  17. 17. 17 She goes to the library once a week. 3-3 OTHER FREQUENCY EXPRESSIONS
  18. 18. 18 (a) She goes to the library once a week. twice a week. five times a week. Sun.Mon. Tues.Wed. Thurs.Fri. Sat. 3-3 OTHER FREQUENCY EXPRESSIONS
  19. 19. 19 (b) I go to school five times a week. (c) I go to the movies twice a month. (d) I go to the beach once a year. 3-3 OTHER FREQUENCY EXPRESSIONS how many times a day a week a month a year
  20. 20. 20 every weeks (e) I feed my dog every morning. I ride my horse every week. I wash my car every year. Every is singular. Correct? no 3-3 OTHER FREQUENCY EXPRESSIONS
  21. 21. 21 How often do you drink coffee? 3-3 Lets Practice Every morning.
  22. 22. 22 So you drink coffee? always Yes. 3-3 Lets Practice always usually often sometimes seldom rarely never
  23. 23. 23 I know. She drinks coffee. neverMei doesnt drink coffee. 3-3 Lets Practice always usually often sometimes seldom rarely never
  24. 24. 24 No. He walks five or six days a week. Does Dr. Aboud take a walk every day? 3-3 Lets Practice
  25. 25. 25 Yes, he takes a walk. Five or six times a week? 3-3 Lets Practice often always usually often sometimes seldom rarely never
  26. 26. 26 Jeff is always dirty. 3-4 USING FREQUENCY ADVERBS WITH BE
  27. 27. 27 usuallyoftensometimesseldomrarelynever dirty.Jeff + is + SUBJECT + BE + FREQUENCY ADVERB always FREQUENCY ADVERB am is + are 3-4 USING FREQUENCY ADVERBS WITH BE
  28. 28. 28 oftensometimesseldomrarelynever + rides a bike.Sergio SUBJECT + FREQUENCY + OTHER SIMPLE ADVERB PRESENT VERBS alwaysusually+ frequency adverb + all simple present verbs except be 3-4 USING FREQUENCY ADVERBS WITH BE
  29. 29. 29 tired. usually 3-4 Lets Practice He is ______________________________________
  30. 30. 30 sad. neverJeff is 3-4 Lets Practice _________________________________________
  31. 31. 31 Lucy oftenreads at the library. 3-4 Lets Practice
  32. 32. 32 It rarelyrains in the desert. 3-4 Lets Practice
  33. 33. 33 Gerardo teaches math. 3-5 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -ES
  34. 34. 34 -sh SPELLING (a) push PRONUNCIATION pushes push /z/ -ch (b) teach teaches teach /z/ -ss (c) kiss kisses kiss / z/ -x (d) fix fixes fix / z/ endings add -es say /z/ 3-5 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -ES
  35. 35. 35 Seung never ______ his TV program. misses 3-5 Lets Practice miss
  36. 36. 36 Gerardo _______ math.teaches 3-5 Lets Practice teach
  37. 37. 37 Viktor always _______ his car.washes 3-5 Lets Practice wash
  38. 38. 38 Ade usually ______ sugar in his coffee. mixes 3-5 Lets Practice mix
  39. 39. 39 The baby cries a lot. 3-6 ADDING FINAL -S / -ES TO WORDS THAT END IN -Y
  40. 40. 40 (a) cry cries fly flies (b) pay pays enjoy enjoys consonant + -y change y to i, add -es vowel + -y add -s 3-6 ADDING FINAL -S / -ES TO WORDS THAT END IN -Y
  41. 41. 41 Gazi _________ too many things.often buys 3-6 Lets Practice buy often
  42. 42. 42 She __________ nice things.always says 3-6 Lets Practice say always
  43. 43. 43 Her father __________ about her.often worries 3-6 Lets Practice worry often
  44. 44. 44 The man has a brown coat. 3-7 IRREGULAR SINGULAR VERBS: HAS, DOES, GOES
  45. 45. 45 does (c) I do exercises. (d) He does exercises. (a) I have a hat. (b) She has a hat. Irregular forms: have has do does (e) We go to the gym. (f) He goes to the gym. go goes she he it has goes she he it she he it + + + 3-7 IRREGULAR SINGULAR VERBS: HAS, DOES, GOES
  46. 46. 46 George ____ yoga every day.does 3-7 Lets Practice do does
  47. 47. 47 Zhou-li ______ for a walk on Sunday.goes 3-7 Lets Practice go goes
  48. 48. 48 She always ____ homework.has 3-7 Lets Practice have has
  49. 49. 49 She runs six miles every day. 3-8 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S / -ES
  50. 50. 50 3rd person singular add -s rains SPELLING (a) run PRONUNCIATION runs rain -s as /z/ voicedscrub scrubs love loves 3-8 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S / -ES
  51. 51. 51 -s as /s/ voiceless SPELLING (b) sink PRONUNCIATION sinks meet meets fight fights cough coughs 3-8 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S I -ES 3rd person singular add -s
  52. 52. 52 -es as /z/ SPELLING (c) push PRONUNCIATION pushes watch watches miss misses tax taxes -sh, -ch, -ss, -x 3-8 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S I -ES 3rd person singular add -es
  53. 53. 53 3rd person singular change y to i, add -es SPELLING (d) dry PRONUNCIATION dries study studies -es as /z/ consonant + -y 3-8 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S I -ES
  54. 54. 54 SPELLING (e) pay PRONUNCIATION pays buy buys 3-8 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S I -ES 3rd person singular add -s -s as /z/ vowel + -y
  55. 55. 55 SPELLING (f) have PRONUNCIATION has go goes /ha z/ do does e /gowz/ /d z/ e 3-8 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S I -ES 3rd person singular forms irregular
  56. 56. 56 Mark ______ his bike up the hill every afternoon. pushes 3-8 Lets Practice push
  57. 57. 57 The child _______ his teeth every morning. brushes 3-8 Lets Practice brush
  58. 58. 58 Brenda often ______ about her old home. dreams 3-8 Lets Practice dream
  59. 59. 59 They do not wash their car. 3-9 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: NEGATIVE
  60. 60. 60 (a) do not drink milk.IYouThey NEGATIVE:I We You They + do not + main verb She He It + does not + main verb We (b) does not drink milk.HeItShe 3-9 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: NEGATIVE
  61. 61. 61 She does not drinks milk. 3rd person singular no -s on main verb 3-9 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: NEGATIVE (a) I do not drink milk. (b) She does not drink milk. do and does = helping verbs ?
  62. 62. 62 (d) He doesnt drink milk. Jack doesnt like dogs. (c) I dont drink milk. They dont go to the lake. do not = dont CONTRACTIONS: does not = doesnt 3-9 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: NEGATIVE
  63. 63. 63 doesnt smile (use the contraction) 3-9 Lets Practice This child ___________. smile not
  64. 64. 64 We ________ snakes.dont like (use the contraction) 3-9 Lets Practice like not
  65. 65. 65 doesnt speak (use the contraction) 3-9 Lets Practice speak not Magda ___________ Dutch.
  66. 66. 66 feeddont feeds 3-9 Lets Practice dont doesnt feed jump run speak Sometimes I ____ ____ my cat. My husband _____ her.
  67. 67. 67 3-9 Lets Practice dont doesnt sit need like run rundoesntShe ______ ____ fast at the gym. She gets tired.
  68. 68. 68 need 3-9 Lets Practice dont doesnt feed jump need eat They are good cooks. dontThey ____ ____ help.
  69. 69. 69 Does he exercise? 3-10 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: YES/NO QUESTIONS