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  • Captulo 2 En la universidadNaomi Wahls, MA

  • Singular Nouns: Gender and ArticlesNaming People, Places, and Things

  • Masculine NounsFeminine NounsDefiniteel hombrethe manla mujerthe womanArticlesel librothe bookla mesathe table

    Indefiniteun hombrea (one) manuna mujera (one) womanArticlesun libroa (one) bookuna mesaa (one) table

  • Nouns and Articles: PluralNaming People, Places, and Things

  • SingularPluralel librolos librosthe booksNouns Ending la mesalas mesasthe tablesin a Vowel un librounos librossome booksuna mesaunas mesassome tables

    Nouns Endingla universidadlas universidadesthe universitiesin a Consonantun papelunos papelessome papers

  • Subject PronounsNaming People, Places, and Things

  • SingularPluralyoItyou (fam.)usted (Ud.)you (form.)lheellashenosotros/nosotras wevosotros/vosotras you (fam. Sp.)ustedes (Uds.)you (form.)ellos/ellasthey

  • Present Tense of ar verbsVerbs

  • SingularPlural

  • hablar (to speak) : habl-SingularPlural

    (yo)habloI speak(nosotros)hablamoswe speak(nosotras)(t)hablasyou speak(vosotros)(vosotras) hablis you speak(Ud.)you speak(Uds.)(l)habla he/she speaks (ellos) hablan you/they speak(ella)(ellas)

  • Expressing Actions

  • NegationIn Spanish the word no is placed before the conjugated verb to make a negative sentence. Its English equivalent is not.El estudiante no habla espaol. The student does not speak Spanish.No, no necesito dinero. No, I dont need money.

  • Asking yes/no questionsGetting Information

  • Rising IntonationA common way to form yes/no questions in Spanish is simply to make your voice rise at the end of the question.STATEMENT: Ud. trabaja aqu todos los das. You work here every day.

    Arturo regresa a casa hoy. Arturo is returning home today.

    QUESTION: Ud. trabaja aqu todos los das? Do you work here every day?

    Arturo regresa a casa hoy? Is Arturo returning home today?There is no Spanish equivalent to English do or does in questions. Note also the use of an inverted question mark () at the beginning of a question.OJO

  • InversionAnother way to form yes/no questions is to invert the order of the subject and verb, in addition to making your voice rise at the end of the question.STATEMENT: Ud. trabaja aqu todos los das. QUESTION: Trabaja Ud. aqu todos los das? STATEMENT: Arturo regresa a casa hoy. QUESTION: Regresa Arturo a casa hoy?