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Changes in Daily Life Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) to Neolithic (New Stone Age) Learning Target: I can Analyze how the domestication of plants and animals led to permanent settlements. Slide 2 Paleolithic vs. Neolithic Paleolithic Old Stone Age 2 Million Years Ago to 8000 BC Hunters/Gatherers Live as Nomads Population of small groups 20- 60 Neolithic New Stone Age 8000 BC to 3000 BC Farmers Settle in Villages Populations as large as 8000 Main Difference = Hunters & Gatherers (nomads) vs. Farmers (villages) Slide 3 How did peoples lives change as they began to domesticate plants and animals during the Neolithic period? They settled in one area instead of traveling chasing food. Slide 4 On the next several slides you will be shown a picture. As a group decided if what you see is Paleolithic (stand up) or Neolithic (remain seated). Slide 5 Food Supply Neolithic vs. Paleolithic Slide 6 Paleolithic or Neolithic? Slide 7 Slide 8 Slide 9 Woolly Mammoth Tusks could reach 16 feet long Slide 10 Paleolithic or Neolithic? Slide 11 Slide 12 Saber-toothed Cat Weighed up to 1000 lbs 4 Feet Tall 8 Feet Long 12 inch long upper canines Slide 13 Paleolithic or Neolithic? Slide 14 Slide 15 Slide 16 Modern White Tail Deer 3 Feet Tall Antler Span of 2 Feet Max Slide 17 Giant Irish Elk 7 Feet Tall at shoulder Antler Span of up to 12 Feet Slide 18 3.6 Meters = 10 Feet!! Slide 19 Paleolithic or Neolithic? Slide 20 Woolly Rhino 12 Feet Long Weigh 3 Tons Slide 21 What are the differences between Paleolithic and Neolithic Food Supplies? Paleolithic people would starve if they didnt have a successful hunt or couldnt find edible plants to eat. Neolithic diet was more stable and guaranteed. They often stored surplus food for later use. Slide 22 What are some advantages that occurred as a result of the development of agriculture? Better food supply, Specialized labor, Settle down, Create better technology, Leisure time. Slide 23 What are some disadvantages that occurred as a result of the development of agriculture? Disease, Less variety of food to eat, War over settled areas, Pollution, Over use of resources Slide 24 Cultivation Process by which humans plant seeds, care for the seedlings, harvest the mature plants and store some seeds for future use even while eating the majority of the harvest. Slide 25 Domestication Tame plants or animals for human use or consumption. Slide 26 Uses of Domesticated Animals 1.Food 2.Carry loads 3.Aid in Farming 4.Hides as Clothing 5.Milk Slide 27 Occupations Neolithic vs. Paleolithic Slide 28 Slide 29 Paleolithic or Neolithic? (Hunter) Slide 30 Paleolithic or Neolithic? Slide 31 Slide 32 Slide 33 Slide 34 Slide 35 What are the differences between Paleolithic and Neolithic occupations? During Paleolithic times everyone had the same job. Men were hunters and women were gatherers. During Neolithic times jobs were more diverse. One farmer could provide food for many people. Specialization emerged as individuals developed skills in one type of work. Slide 36 Obsidian Black volcanic glass used to create jewelry, tools, and weapons. Slide 37 Shelter Neolithic vs. Paleolithic Neolithic vs. Paleolithic Slide 38 Paleolithic or Neolithic? Slide 39 Mammoth Bone Hut Slide 40 Paleolithic or Neolithic? Slide 41 Skara Brae Located on the Northern Islands of Scotland Settled in 3100 BC Built into mounds of earth Slide 42 Slide 43 Paleolithic or Neolithic? Slide 44 Slide 45 Slide 46 Slide 47 Slide 48 Slide 49 What are the differences between Paleolithic and Neolithic shelters? Neolithic structures were permanent whereas Paleolithic shelters had to be easily portable since they were constantly on the move. Slide 50 Why do you think people started living in larger groups around the same time they started farming? Protection and Trade Slide 51 Technology Neolithic vs. Paleolithic Slide 52 Slide 53 Paleolithic or Neolithic? Slide 54 Slide 55 Slide 56 Slide 57 What are the differences between Paleolithic and Neolithic technology? Neolithic technology was more advanced due to the fact that people had more time to devote towards invention. Better clothes, containers, tools, weapons, and shelters. Slide 58 Surplus When there is more supply then demand. Having extra resources. Due to the agricultural revolution people had a surplus in food and could store it for later use or trade. Slide 59 Specialization A skill in a particular kind of work. Made possible by the increased use of farming and the fewer people it took to create a food supply. Slide 60 Population/Settlement Neolithic vs. Paleolithic Slide 61 Skara Brae Slide 62 Winding passageways cut down on brutal sea winds. Slide 63 Slide 64 Slide 65 Catal Huyuk Slide 66 Population of 8000Population of 8000 Entered homes through the roof Travel on rooftops b/c of shared walls Slide 67 Catal Huyuk Archeology Site Slide 68 Jericho Oldest continually inhabited city in the world 1 st settled in 9000 BC Population of 1000 Huge stone wall surrounds the city The Walls of Jericho came tumbling down Biblical Story Slide 69 Slide 70 Remains of the Walls of Jericho Slide 71 Slide 72 What are the differences between Paleolithic and Neolithic populations? In Paleolithic times people lived in small nomadic groups of 10- 60 people. During Neolithic times some cities grew to populations of 8000. Slide 73 Resources Neolithic vs. Paleolithic Slide 74 Mother Goddesses Catal Huyuk Art Slide 75 Slide 76 What are the differences between Paleolithic and Neolithic Resources? Paleolithic people rarely traded or acquired many possessions. Personal possessions meant more to carry. As people settled down they began to trade and accumulate possessions. Slide 77 How is power and wealth distributed? Hierarchal Wealth and power is distributed where some have more than othersWealth and power is distributed where some have more than others Egalitarian All people share power and wealthAll people share power and wealth Slide 78 Which gender rules? Patriarchal Society dominated by MalesSociety dominated by Males Matriarchal Society dominated by FemalesSociety dominated by Females Slide 79 Catal Huyuk Patriarchal or Matriarchal? Female figurines have led some scholars to believe this was a matriarchal society. Slide 80 Catal Huyuk Hierarchical or Egalitarian? Scholars believe it to be egalitarian because all the homes are the same size. Slide 81 Which of the four types of rule is most evident in the U.S.? How do we have examples of all four? Slide 82 Life Expectancy During the Stone Ages Why do you think people lived longer during the Paleolithic era than the Neolithic era? EraLife Expectancy at Birth Paleolithic33 Neolithic29 More disease in densely populated areas. More warfare over claimed or settled territories. Increases in population due to easier ability of women to have a child. Less meat in diet. Slide 83 Life Expectancy Modern Era Why do you think Swaziland has such a low life expectancy? Why does Japan have such a high life expectancy? Why do you think women live longer than men in the United States? Present Day World Average67 United StatesMale - 74 Female 80 Lowest Swaziland32 Highest - Japan83 Slide 84 World Life Expectancy What continent has the lowest life expectancy? What 3 continents have the highest life expectancy?